18 March 2020

Economics of Education / Ekonomiku Edukasaun nian

Tetum iha kraik
On 4 March 2020, the Institute Of Business and Monash University hosted a public discussion on “The Economics of Education”. Monash Professor Brett Inder presented his research findings, and the responding panel included Rui Gomes (also article), Berta Antonieta of La’o Hamutuk, Jose Monteiro of the Timor-Leste Coalition for Education, and IOB Professor Pedro Ximenes. (Click on each name to download their presentation.)

All presenters agreed that the government should invest more in education in Timor-Leste. Brett and Rui both discussed the financing of the education itself, and how investing in education will create human capital, resulting in economic benefits. Rui also discussed how Timor-Leste falls behind in international standardized tests, while Brett explained equity in access to education – that education is not only a classroom experience, and that unequal access results from parents’ income and location. Berta explained that education is not only to produce human capital and employment, but also improves the quality of people’s lives. The government should repair infrastructure, train teachers, and improve the curriculum. From her personal experience in a small class with only 20 students; with well-trained teachers in adequate infrastructure, these improvements would bring Timor-Leste up to international norms.

Ministries of Education have already made progress, especially by using Tetun as the language of instruction and curriculum. However, Timor-Leste’s investment in education remains at half the level of similar countries.
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Iha 4 Marsu 2020, Institutu Bisnis (IOB) no Universidade Monash organiza diskusaun públiku kona-ba “Ekonomia Edukasaun nian”. Professor Monash nian Brett Inder halo aprezentasaun ba nia rezultadu peskiza, no panel responde ba tópiku refere, konsiste husi Rui Gomes (ho palestra), Berta Antonieta husi La’o Hamutuk, Jose Monteiro husi Koligasaun ba Edukasaun iha Timor-Leste no Pedro Ximenes Professor husi IOB. (Bele kliik iha sira nia naran ne’e hodi download aprezentasaun sira nian.)

Aprezentadór hotu-hotu konkorda katak governu presiza investe iha edukasaun iha Timor-Leste. Brett no Rui diskute kona-ba finansiamentu husi edukasaun no oinsá investe iha edukasaun bele kria kapitál umanu, no bele hamosu benefísiu ekonómiku. Rui mós diskute oinsá Timor-Leste nia valór ki’ik liu uainhira foti padraun teste international sira, no iha tempu hanesan Brett esplika katak asesu ba edukasaun hanesan ekidade ida, edukasaun la’ós iha klase laran de’it no dezigualdade asesu ba edukasaun mosu depende ba inan aman nia vensimentu no fatin jeográfiku. Berta esplika katak, edukasaun la’ós atu prodús kapitál umanu no servisu ho saláriu de’it, maibé mós aumenta kualidade ema moris nian. Governu presiza hadi’a infrastrutura, fornese formasaun ba manorin sira, no hadi’ak curriculum. Husi nia esperiénsia rasik, klase ho estudante na’in 20, manorin na’in ne’ebé hetan formasaun metin iha infrastrutura ida metin, buat hirak ne’e bele foti Timor-Leste hodi bele kompete iha teste padraun internasionál sira.

Ministériu Edukasaun sira halo ona progresu balun, liuliu iha uza Tetun hanesan lingua manorin no uza iha kurríkulu. Maske nune’e, Timor-Leste nia investimentu iha edukasaun nafatin sorin balun de’it kompara ho nasaun ne’ebé hanesan.

13 March 2020

Akontesimentu Ekonomia Global fó impaktu boot ba Timor-Leste

Hahú husi 2015, Timor-Leste nia reseita estadu iha dependénsia ba rendimentu husi investimentu osan ne’ebé rai iha Fundu Petrolíferu, la’ós ona osan husi royalties no taxa husi ekstrasaun no esportasaun mina no gás.

Haree ba kondisaun dependénsia ba investimentu ne’e, La’o Hamutuk deside atu buka hatene oinsá mudansa ekonomia no merkadu finanseiru global sei afeta ba kapasidade no estabilidade finanseira husi governu Timor-Leste nia operasaun sira. Maske ita labele influénsia eventu ida ne’e, ita presiza komprende kona-ba eventu sira ne’e.

Artigu ne’e hanesan analiza prelimináriu kona-ba oinsá mudansa sira ne’ebé foin mosu lalais ne’e – husi 12 Fevreiru too 12 Marsu – fó impaktu ba ita nia Fundu Petrolíferu (FP).

Presu ekidade tun

Merkadu ekidade (asoens / stocks) iha Estadus Unidus no nasaun sira seluk tun kuaze 26% durante loron 30 ikus ne’e. Fundu Petrolíferu iha ekidade ho valór kuaze biliaun $6.6 iha fin 2019.  Tanba ne’e, ita lakon kuaze biliaun $1.7 valór merkadu husi ita nia asoens. Maibé, merkadu sempre iha flutuasaun (tun-sa’e), no ita la presiza fa’an ita nia asoens sira agora. Se situasaun iha merkadu sai di’ak fali (hanesan akontese iha 2019), ita sei lakon osan ki’ik liu, maibé se merkadu kontinua tun (hanesan akontese iha 2008), ita sei lakon osan barak liu tan.

Timor-Leste nia Fundu Petrolíferu mak úniku iha mundu ne’ebé la lakon osan durante krize ekonómiku global iha 2008, tanba ita la investe iha asoens. (Nasaun Noruega lakon kuaze biliaun $90.) Iha 2010, bainhira halo revizaun ba lei Fundu Petrolíferu hodi bele uza Fundu ne’e barak liu ba sosa asoens, La’o Hamutuk husu “Oinsá Governu Timor-Leste bele responde ba preokupasaun publiku no politikus nain sira seluk wainhira ita nia fundu nia kapital sei lakon tamba deit labele kontrola merkadu, ka tamba desizaun ida be ladiak husi jestor eksternal ida? Oinsa ita bele asegura katak ita sei la sosa bainhira presu sae no fan bainhira nia presu tun?”

Mezmu ita la fa’an ita nia asoens, balansu iha FP nafatin uza atu kalkula Rendimentu Sustentável Estimativa (RSE) ne’ebé determina osan montante hira mak bele foti ho sustentável husi Fundu Petrolíferu. Redusaun biliaun $1.7 iha balansu FP sei hamenus RSE kuaze tokon $51 – kuaze dala-rua despeza estadu nian ba agrikultura kada tinan.

Taxa funan (taxa de juros) tun

Fundu Petrolíferu barak liu mak investe iha títulu husi governu sira, inklui biliaun $7.9 (iha fin 2019) iha títulu ne’ebé fó sai husi Tezouru Estadu Unidus nian, no biliaun $1.6 iha nasaun seluk. Taxa rendimentu ba médiu-prazu iha títulu Estadu Unidus nian tun too menus husi metade nivel uluk nian. Tinan kotuk, Fundu Petrolíferu hetan tokon $420 iha funan no dividendu,3 no ida ne’e bele tun too tokon $200 se bainhira taxa hirak ne’e kontinua hanesan agora ne’e. Se sira ne’e tun ba nafatin, Timor-Leste sei simu funan no dividendu ki’ik liu tan.

Presu mina tun

Maski esportasaun mina no gás la sai ona hanesan Timor-Leste nia fonte rendimentu prinsipál (no karik sei para total iha tinan tolu nia laran), Fundu ida ne’e nafatin sei simu reseita balu husi esportasaun mina no gás. Tinan kotuk, Ministériu Finansa projeta katak reseita husi mina no gás iha 2020 sei too tokon $595, bazeia ba espetasaun presu mina Brent nian, $62 kada barríl. Maibé, iha 13 Marsu presu mina mak $33 kada barríl. Se presu estabiliza nafatin iha maizumenus $35, reseita petróleu iha 2020 sei la too metade husi Ministériu nia projesaun, no RSE sei tun kuaze tokon $12. Se presu tun liu tan, nia impaktu sei aat liu tan.

Presu mina ne’ebé ki’ik, sei limita dezenvolvimentu petróleu iha mundu tomak, inklui Timor-Leste. Se presu kontinua ki’ik nafatin, projetu sira se fó lukru menus ba kompañia sira, no Bayu-Undan bele para produsaun lalais liu duké 2022, tuir saida mak sira planu ona. (Ida ne’e akontese ona ba Kitan iha 2015).

Kompañia no investór sira sei avalia fila fali valor ekonomia husi kada projetu iha futuru – inklui esplorasaun iha rai maran (onshore), Buffalo, Chuditch, Greater Sunrise no Tasi Mane – iha posibilidade atu atraza ka kansela. Avizu atu oferese fatin ba halo projetu (bidding round) ne’ebé ANPM daudaun ne’e halo hela sei hetan interese menus liu, tanba kompañia sira lakohi atu hahú ka investe iha projetu foun bainhira sira laiha serteza katak sira sei hetan lukru. 

Konkluzaun

Se presu no taxa funan nian ne’ebé diskute iha leten la sai aat liu (ka di’ak liu) durante tinan ida ne’e nia laran, too tinan 2020 nia rohan Timor-Leste nia investimentu Fundu Petrolíferu sei lakon loloos (net loss) kuaze biliaun $1.5. Ida ne’e biliaun rua menus manán tokon $640 ne’ebé Ministériu Finansa estimatiza iha proposta orsamentu 2020 nian. Aleinde ne’e, royalty no taxa husi mina no gás sei ki’ik liu tokon $300 husi saida mak Governu projeta ona ‘ho prudente.’ Lakon hirak ne’e bele kontinua iha tinan hirak tuir mai.

Tinan kotuk, La’o Hamutuk estimatiza katak Fundu Petrolíferu bele mamuk iha 2028, mezmu se ita la uza Fundu ne’e hodi selu ba kustu kapitál projetu Tasi Mane nian. Se tendénsia global ne’e mantén nafatin, FP sei mamuk lalais liu tan tinan balu.

Governu VIII sesante hakarak foti tokon $250 husi Fundu Petrolíferu tanba funsionamentu ba mákina estadu labele kontinua se laiha osan. Hahú iha Janeiru (hanesan iha 2018), despeza estadu ne’ebé la’o neineik hafraku ekonomia iha territóriu Timor-Leste, halo ema kiak sira sai kiak liu tan. Redusaun maka’as atividade ekonomia hatudu katak populasaun sira depende maka’as ba estadu nia despeza husi Fundu Petrolíferu – no hatudu frakeza boot husi ita nia ekonomia.

Ameasa ne’ebé oras ne’e mosu ba Fundu ne’e nia ezisténsia médiu-prazu la’ós buat foun ida, no bele sai aat liu tan tanba mudansa klimátika no redusaun iha balansu Fundu nian. Ameasa hirak ne’e fó hanoin fali mai ita katak Timor-Leste iha urjénsia tebes atu diversifika nia ekonomia ne’ebé la’ós petróleu ka investimentu. Ita liu ona tempu ita tenke investe iha ita nia labarik sira nia saúde no edukasaun, ho nune’e ita nia produtividade, sustentabilidade no ekonomia ne’ebé ekitável – agrikultura, indústria ki’ik no eko-turizmu – bele hakbiit ita nia povu sira atu bele moris ho prospero. Ida ne’e mak dalan úniku atu atinje Fundu Petrolíferu nia objetivu atu benefisia jerasaun sira tuir mai.

Glosáriu:

  • Royalty: rendimentu ne’ebé estadu hetan husi produsaun mina no gas iha tasi okos ka rai maran.
  • Ekidade: asoens (stocks) ne’ebé investe iha kompañia sira, fa’an iha merkadu internasionál
  • Títulu: Hanesan instrumentu ba rendimentu fiksa ne’ebé reprezenta fó empréstimu ruma, espesialmente ba Governu E.U. no nasaun sira seluk
  • Dividendu: distribuisaun ne’ebé rekompensa husi lukru balu ne’ebé kompañia na’in hetan no selu balu ba na’in husi asoens. 
  • Kustu Kapitál: despeza ne’ebé tenke halo atu harii projetu ida

Atualiza, 14 Marsu

Ami hakerek artigu iha leten iha loron 13 Marsu 2020, bazeia ba presu no taxa sira bainhira oras negósiu remata iha loron Kinta, 12 Marsu. Loron ida tuir mai, númeru tolu ne’ebé ita uza atu halo projesaun sira hadi’ak uitoan, no montante ne’ebé Fundu Petrolíferu sei lakon agora mak biliaun $1.8, menus husi lakon biliaun $2.3 ne’ebé ami kalkula horiseik. Númeru sira ne’e sei muda loron-loron, no bele sai di’ak liu ka aat. Ita-boot bele hetan dadus husi:

Global economic developments hit Timor-Leste hard

Since 2015, Timor-Leste’s state revenues have depended on income earned from investing the money saved in the Petroleum Fund, rather than on royalties and taxes from extracting and exporting oil and gas.

In this investment-dependent condition, La’o Hamutuk decided to look into how global economic and financial market changes will affect the financial capacity and stability of Timor-Leste’s government operations. Although we cannot influence these events, we need to understand them.

This article is a preliminary analysis of how recent changes – from 12 February to 12 March 2020 – are impacting our Petroleum Fund (PF).

Falling equity prices

Equity (stock) markets in the U.S. and other countries dropped about 26% during the last 30 days. The PF owned about $6.6 billion in equities at the end of 2019. Therefore, we have lost about $1.7 billion in the market value of our stocks. However, the market is very volatile, and we do not need to sell our stocks right now. If the market bounces back (as it did in 2019), we will lose less money, but if it continues to fall (as it did in 2008), we could lose a lot more.

Timor-Leste’s Petroleum Fund was the only one in the world which didn’t lose money during the 2008 global economic crisis, because we were not invested in stocks. (Norway lost about $90 billion.)  In 2010, when the Petroleum Fund Law was being revised to allow more of the Fund to be used to buy stocks, La’o Hamutuk asked "How will Timor-Leste’s Government respond to opposition and public concern when the principal of the Petroleum Fund loses value due to market forces outside their control, or because of a poor decision by an external manager? How can we make sure that we don’t buy when prices are high and sell when they are low?"

Even if we don’t sell the stocks, the balance in the PF is used to calculate the Estimated Sustainable Income (ESI) guideline for how much can be withdrawn sustainably from the Petroleum Fund. A fall of $1.7 billion in the Fund’s balance reduces ESI by $51 million – about twice as much as the State spends on agriculture every year.

Falling interest rates

Most of the Petroleum Fund is invested in government bonds, including $7.9 billion (as of the end of 2019) in those issued by the United States Treasury, and $1.6 billion in other countries.  Yield rates of medium-term U.S. bonds have dropped to less than half of their previous levels. Last year, the Petroleum Fund received $420 million in interest and dividends, and this could drop to $200 million if rates stay where they are.  If they fall further, Timor-Leste will receive even less in interest and dividends.

Falling oil prices

Although oil and gas exports are no longer Timor-Leste’s main source of income (and may end entirely in about three years), the Fund still receives some revenue from them. Last year, the Ministry of Finance projected that oil and gas revenues in 2020 would be $595 million, based on an expected Brent oil price of $62 per barrel. However, on 13 March the price was $33. If prices stabilize at around $35, petroleum revenues in 2020 will be less than half of what the Ministry projected, and the ESI would drop by about $12 million. If they fall further, the impact will be even more severe.

Low oil prices will restrict petroleum development across the globe, including in Timor-Leste. If they stay low, projects will be less profitable for companies, and Bayu-Undan could stop production even earlier than 2022, as is currently planned. (This happened with Kitan in 2015.)

Companies and investors will reassess the economics of every future project – including on-shore exploration, Buffalo, Chuditch, Greater Sunrise and Tasi Mane – possibly leading to delays or cancellations. The bidding round that ANPM is currently conducting may attract less interest, because companies hesitate to embark on or invest in new projects when they are uncertain that they will make money.

Conclusion

If the prices and interest rates discussed above don’t get any worse (or better) during the rest of this year, by the end of 2020 Timor-Leste’s Petroleum Fund’s investments will have a net loss of about $1.5 billion, more than two billion lower than the $640 million gain the Ministry of Finance estimated in the proposed 2020 budget. In addition, oil and gas royalties and taxes will be $300 million less than the Government ‘prudently’ projected. The losses could continue in future years.

Last year, La’o Hamutuk projected that the Petroleum Fund could be empty by 2028, even if it is not used to pay capital costs of the Tasi Mane project. If current global trends persist, this will happen several years sooner.

The outgoing VIII Government intends to withdraw $250 million from the Petroleum Fund because the machinery of the state cannot continue to function without it. Since January (as in 2018), slower state spending has weakened Timor-Leste’s entire economy, making poor people even poorer. This reduced economic activity underscores how much our population depends on the state spending money from the Petroleum Fund – and how weak the rest of our economy is.

The recent threats to the Fund’s medium-term survival are not new, and could become even worse due to climate change and the reduced balance in the Fund. They remind us that Timor-Leste urgently needs to diversify its economy away from petroleum and investments. It is long past time to invest in our children’s health and education so that our productive, sustainable and equitable economy – agriculture, light industry and eco-tourism – can enable our people to survive and thrive. That is the only way to achieve the Petroleum Fund’s promise to benefit future generations.

Update, 14 March 2020

The above article was written on 13 March 2020, based on prices and yield rates at the close of business on Thursday 12 March. The following day, all three indices used in these calculations improved, and the drop in Petroleum Fund revenues became $1.8 billion, less than the $2.3 billion loss we calculated the day before. These numbers will change every day, and could get better or worse. The data is available at:

28 November 2019

Proposta Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba tinan fiskál 2020

Iha 15 Outubru 2019, Governu submete proposta OJE 2020 no Exposição de Motivos, depois loron balun fornese livru sira Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2020 nian ba Parlamentu Nasionál. Komisaun permanente sira PN nian finaliza nia audiénsia ho Governu, Instituisaun estadu relevante inklui Sosiedade Sivíl. 

Paresér sira hotu husi instituisaun oin-oin inklui Sosiedade Sivíl nia, entrega hotu ona ba komisaun sira relevante no mós halo diskusaun durante audiénsia. Komisaun C  aprova no entrega relatóriu paresér ba Prezidente Parlamentu Nasionál iha dia 21 Novembru 2019. Hafoin adiamentu, PN sei hahú reuniaun plenária Parlamentár iha loron 2 Dezembru, hodi halo diskusaun no votasaun iha jeneralidade (dia 2-4 Dezembru), espesialidade, no votasaun final global iha dia 18 Dezembru 2019.

Montante Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba tinan fiskál 2020 hamutuk biliaun $1,950. Nudár Orsamentu jerál ne’ebé besik hanesan iha Orsamentu Retifikativu tinan fiskál 2016 nian, boot liu iha istória Timor-Leste nian. Reprezentante Ministériu Finansa iha La’o Hamutuk nia enkontru públiku hatete se kreximentu OJE kada tinan kontinua hanesan kreximentu 2019-2020, FP bele mamuk iha 2027 kuandu Timor-Leste nia nivel despeza la’o nafatin ho montante hanesan agora, Timor-Leste nia Fundu Petrolíferu bele mamuk durante tinan 8 tuir mai, ne’ebé sei hotu iha 2027.

Finansiamentu ba OJE 2020 mak tuir mai ne’e:
  • t$1,466 husi Fundu Petróleu (besik liu dala tolu RSE t$537)
  • t$   200 husi 'carryover' husi 2019 (85% ne’ebé mai ona husi Fundu Petróleu )
  • t$     73 husi empréstimu, atu selu fali iha futuru
  • t$   210 husi reseita doméstika.
Despeza husi osan ne'e aloka ba kategoria sira tuir mai:
  • t$241 ba saláriu no vensimentu (aumenta 13% kompara ho 2019)
  • t$738 ba bens no servisu (aumenta 56% kompara ho 2019 - balu atu selu dívida ba kombustivel)
  • t$458 ba transferénsia públiku (aumenta 26% kompara ho 2019)
  • t$  53 ba kapitál menór (aumenta 69% kompara ho 2019)
  • t$386 ba kapitál dezenvolvimentu (la inklui empréstimu) (aumenta 23% kompara ho 2019)
  • t$  73 ba empréstimu ba kapitál dezenvolvimentu (hamenus 16% kompara ho 2019)
La’o Hamutuk nia rekomendasaun ne’ebé inklui ona ba Submisaun no hato’o durante iha audiénsia ho Komisaun C PN mak tuir mai ne’e:
  • Ami husu ba membru Parlamentu Nasionál atu hare no kuidadu ba definisaun sira ba despeza husi OJE 2020. Liuliu ba aumentu hirak ne’ebé signifikante maka’as hanesan iha transferénsia publika liu Ministériu Petróleu no Minerais no mós aumentu iha Fundu Kontrapartidas.
  • Proposta OJE 2020 ne’ebé sei fó impaktu ba Timor-Leste ninia sustentabilidade orsamentál no ameasa durasaun Fundu Petrolíferu nian. Ami husu atu Parlamentu Nasionál tetu didi’ak proposta OJE 2020 antes halo desizaun.
  • Presiza haforsa no hametin sistema monitorizasaun no kontrolu atu nune’e bele asegura implementasaun ba programa sira la’o ho efisiénsia no efetivu hodi garante katak fó duni no maximiza benefísiu konkretu ba povu Timor-Leste.
  • Ami sujere atu kontinua investe iha setór produtivu sira hanesan Agrikultura Familiar, Turizmu komunitária, indústria ki’ik sira ne’ebé bele redús kiak, malnutrisaun, dezempregu, no redús dependénsia ba importasaun.
  • Investe iha rekursus umanu liu husi hadi’ak kualidade setór sira hanesan edukasaun, saúde, bee no saneamentu hodi bele asegura povu Timor-Leste sai povu ida ne’ebé saudável, matenek no produtivu.
  • Suspende despeza ba projetu Tasi Mane no avansa ba estudu independente ida ne’ebé bele halo estudu avaliasaun ba kustu tomak, risku, benefísiu husi projetu ne’e rasik.
  • Husu ba membru Parlamentu Nasionál atu la aprova envelope tokon $750 ba akordu empréstimu foun iha 2020, se bainhira Governu la fó esplikasaun detallu kona ba empréstimu sira ne’e ba saida, hodi halo saida no oinsá ho atu selu fila fali.
Relatóriu Komisaun sira ne’ebé Komisaun C Permanente Parlamentu Nasionál elabora no fahe ba deputadu sira, rekomenda asuntu barak atu Governu no Plenária Parlamentu Nasionál konsidera. Ami rejista pontu importante balun hanesan tuir mai ne’e:
  1. Komisaun D husu atu bele redús signifikante OJE 2020 , sira temi biliaun $1.3, $1.4 ka $1.6. Komisaun ne’e mós husu atu redús planu despeza iha kategoria bens no servisu no transferénsia públiku ne’ebé konsidera nudár ejazeradu. Sira mós sujere atu la’ós redús de’it osan maibé bele hadi'ak kapitál umanu iha Nasaun. Sira mós preokupa katak Fundu Petrolíferu nia gastu, nia paradeiru ba de’it iha konsumu (BS no TP) la’ós investe husi kapitál dezenvolvimentu.
  2. Komisaun C rekoñese katak atualmente reseita doméstiku atu selu de’it ba kategoria saláriu vensimentu mós la too. Komisaun C nia preokupasaun hanesan ho saida mak La’o Hamutuk preokupa katak iha planu Governu nia hatete prioridade ba setór infrastrutura, setór ekonómiku no sosiál hanesan saúde, edukasaun no agrikultura, konteúdu husi alokasaun la komprova deklarasaun ka planu Governu nian. Dehan mós proposta OJE 2020 viola rejime jurídiku aprovizionamentu tanba transfere ba munisipiu no jestaun projetu no investimentu too tokon $5. Komisaun mós rekomenda atu Governu halo espesifikasaun alokasaun ba ANPM, IPG no sira seluk. Rekomenda atu aprova diploma legal própriu kona-ba Orsamentu Seguransa Sosiál.
  3. Iha relatóriu no rekomendasaun sira husu atu redús no elimina viajen estranjeiru sira ne’ebé la’ós de’it atu gasta osan maibé la ajuda esforsu sira doméstiku nia ba hadi’a Nasaun.
  4. Infelizmente, Komisaun sira Parlamentu Nasionál la inklui preokupasaun sira kona-ba risku sira ne’ebé sei husik hela ba Timor-Leste husi projetu Tasi Mane no Greater Sunrise, gastu desnesesariu, transparénsia husi Fundu Kontrapartida.
  5. Komisaun sira mós la temi katak despeza sira barak liu sei ba projetu boot no rekorente ka iha administrasaun públiku duke gasta ba dezenvolvimentu Nasaun ne’ebé nia efeitu direta ba ekonomia Nasaun nian no ajuda ema kiak sira iha area rural. 
Bele hetan informasaun no dokumentu seluk relevante ba prosesu no konteúdu OJE 2020 husi  http://www.laohamutuk.org/econ/OGE20/19OGE20.htm. Parlamentu Nasionál muda ona kalendáriu ba diskusaun OJE iha jeneralidade, espesialidade no final global hanesan temi iha leten. Razaun muda kalendáriu ida ne’e mak relatóriu paresér komisaun sira nian seidauk finaliza.

Hakarak klarifika informasaun ruma bele liga ba ami; +670-3321040, no +670-77234330.

02 October 2019

Konvite nakloke ba públiku no media sira kona-ba diskusaun Proposta OJE 2020

La’o Hamutuk, Fongtil no Core Group Transparency-CGT sei realiza enkontru Públiku ida kona-ba Proposta orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba tinan fiskál 2020. Oradór sira mai husi Ministériu finansa, Partidu Opozisaun iha Parlamentu Nasional no Sosiedade Sivíl. Enkontru Públiku ne’e sei realiza iha kinta feira dia 3 Outubru 2019 iha Salaun Katedrál Bebora DILI, tuku 9 too remata iha lorokraik, ho han meudia. 

Komité Revizaun Polítika-KROP finaliza ona diskusaun kona-ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2020 iha dia 23 Setembru 2019. Relatóriu KROP nian liga ho OJE 2020 konsellu Ministru apresia da uluk ona iha dia 27 setembru no sei aprova iha dia 2 Outubru 2019.

Bele mai partisipa no halo diskusaun kona-ba liña jerál Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2020 nian ho oradór sira, bele rona informasaun, dadus sira, medida Orsamentais sira ne’ebé Governu diskute ona no bele konfirma ho reprezentante husi Ministériu Finansa ho difikuldade no preokupasaun sira no bele rona observasaun no sujestaun sira Sosiedade Sivíl nian, bele mós rona perspetiva Bankada Opozisaun FRETILIN nian relasaun ho ezekusaun no Proposta OJE 2020.

Nudár pasu inísiu atu parte hotu bele fahe informasaun, hetan informasaun, diskusaun no konfirmasaun no ajuda ita hotu bele iha koñesimentu ba partisipa di’ak liu tan iha pasu sira tuir mai, liu-liu bele intende no partisipa iha debate sira iha públiku bainhira diskusaun Orsamentu la’o iha Parlamentu Nasional bainhira Governu submete ona ba, iha loron 15 Outubru.

Mai, mai, bele aprende, bele rona, bele konfirma/husu no sei iha esplikasaun husi oradór sira no bele estabelese ligasaun konstrutivu entre Governu, sosiedade sivíl no partisipante sira seluk durante enkontru públiku. Bele hetan informasaun balun relasaun ho proposta Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2020 iha ne’e; http://www.laohamutuk.org/econ/OGE20/19OGE20.htm, inklui aprezentasaun sira husi enkontru publiku ida ne'e.

Obrigadu barak ba atensaun no Partisipasaun. Celestino Gusmão, 77432621

17 September 2019

Prémiu Solidariedade ba Saskia / Solidarity Prize to Saskia

Komité Popular fó Prémiu Solidariedade ba Saskia!

[English follows below]
Dia 10 Setembru 2019, Komité Popular ne’ebé organiza Konferénsia Solidariedade iha dia 27,28 no 29 Agostu 2019, oferese Prémiu Solidariedade ba mana Saskia Kouwenberg ba kontribuisaun boot ne’ebé nia halo ona ba Rai Doben Timor-Lorosa’e. Prémiu Solidariedade ne’e entrega husi Irma Maria de Lourdes Martins Cruz “Mana LU” no Prezidente Komité 12 Novembru Sr. Gregório Saldanha iha Balide, Centro Nasional Chega!

Nudár ema barak hatene, mana Saskia mak lori sai ba rai li’ur filmajen ne’ebé Jornalista Max Stahl halo ba masakre Santa Cruz iha tinan 1991. Mana Saskia lori filmajen ne’e ho maneira barani no determinadu tebes, ikus mai filmajen ida ne’e konsege loke koñesimentu iha nasaun barak no muda prioridade povu no nasaun boot nian kona-ba Indonézia no loke dalan ba Timor-Lorosa’e nia libertasaun.

Mana Saskia mós ativista solidariedade ne’ebé apoiu Timor-Leste ba tinan barak, iha Australia no Netherlands. No mós koordenadóra iha ba Projetu Observadór husi International Federation for East Timor (IFET-OP) iha 1999, Mana Saskia sempre hamriik hamutuk iha povu Timor-Leste nia sorin hamutuk ho kolega solidariedade sira seluk durante tinan barak hodi luta ba auto determinasaun rai doben nian.

Hafoin Konsulta Popular mana Saskia mós involve iha konsultasaun, peskiza no diskusaun sira atu harii organizasaun La’o Hamutuk iha tinan 2000.

Obrigadu barak, mana Saskia, kolega Solidariedade Internasionál tomak, ita-boot sira sempre hetan fatin iha uma Timor-Leste nian. Defende nafatin justisa no solidariedade Umana iha mundu rai Klaran!

As Lutas Kontinuam!
----------------------

People’s Committee gives Solidarity Prize to Saskia


On 10 September 2019, the People’s Committee which organized the Solidarity Conference on 27-29 August offered the Solidarity Prize to Saskia Kouwenberg for her huge contribution to the beloved land, Timor-Leste. The Prize was presented by Sr. Maria de Lourdes Martins Cruz “Mana LU” and the President of the 12 November Committee, Mr. Gregório Saldanha at the Centro Nasional Chega! in Balide.

As many people know, Saskia was the one who brought the film of the 12 November 1991 Santa Cruz massacre, made by journalist Max Stahl, to the rest of the world. Saskia’s determined and courageous carrying the film awakened many people worldwide to the reality of Indonesia’s occupation, moving national priorities and opening the way for Timor-Leste’s liberation.

Saskia was a solidarity activist who supported Timor-Leste for many years, in Australia and the Netherlands, and was a coordinator of the International Federation for East Timor Observer Project (IFET-OP) in 1999. Saskia always stood together with the Timorese people, alongside other solidarity friends, in the long struggle for this country’s self-determination.

After the 1999 Referendum, Saskia was involved in the consultations, research and discussions which led to the formation of the La’o Hamutuk organization in 2000.

We greatly appreciate mana Saskia and all international solidarity colleagues. You will always have a home in Timor-Leste. Continue to defend justice and human solidarity throughout the world!

The struggles continue!

21 August 2019

Konvite ba Konferénsia Solidaridade no Espozisaun Fronteira Maritima

Konvite ba públiku, kona-ba Konferénsia Solidariedade no Espozisaun kona-ba Fronteira Maritima

English translation below
Loron 30 Agostu 2019, mak marka kompletamente tinan 20 Konsulta Popular, ida ne’ebé Povu Timor-Leste barani hasai obrigatóriu Indonézia nia militár husi Timor liu husi votasaun. Ikus mai Timor-Leste atinje ukun rasik an hafoin luta naruk no sofrementu oin-oin.

Grupu sosiedade sivíl no Movimentu Kontra Okupasaun Tasi Timor-MKOTT sei komemora konsulta popular no selebra vitória luta ba Fronteira Maritima.

Sei realiza Konferénsia Solidariedade iha dia 28 no marxa iha dia 29, ne’ebé sei diskute asuntu esensiál sira relasaun ho auto determinasaun no justisa sosiál (video).

MKOTT mós sei realiza espozisaun ida hodi selebra ba vitória no refleta fali luta naruk ne’ebé Povu Timor-Leste liu hodi buka Fronteira Maritima entre Australia no Timor-Leste. Ami enkoraja atu ema hotu bele mai partisipa iha Konferénsia no bele mai vizita espozisaun MKOTT nian iha Asosiasaun HAK, Farol, Dili.

MKOTT mós fa’an faru ne’ebé hakerek Solidariedade ba belun di’ak Bernard Collaery no Witness K, ita-boot sira bele sosa ho $20, nudár kontribuisaun ba MKOTT hodi selu ba nesesidade sira espozisaun nian no servisu sira seluk ne’ebé MKOTT presiza halo tan.

Obrigadu barak. Bele liga ba; Celestino Gusmão: 77432621


Invitation to the public to Solidarity Conference and Exhibition about Maritime Boundaries


30 August 2019 marks the 20th anniversary of the Popular Consultation (referendum), in which the people of Timor-Leste bravely voted to force the Indonesian military occupation to leave. At last, Timor-Leste achieved independence after a long struggle and much suffering.

Civil Society groups and the Movement Against the Occupation of the Timor Sea (MKOTT) will commemorate the Popular Consultation and celebrate the victory in the struggle for a maritime boundary.

There will be a Solidarity Conference on 28 August and a march on 29 August, with discussion of essential issues related to self-determination and social justice.

MKOTT is also holding an exhibition to celebrate the victory and reflect on the long struggle through which the people of Timor-Leste achieved a maritime boundary between Australia and Timor-Leste. We encourage everyone to participate in the conference and to visit MKOTT's exhibition at the HAK Association in Farol, Dili.

MKOTT is also selling T-shirts to express solidarity with our good friends Bernard Collaery and Witness K. You can buy them for $20, as a contribution to MKOTT which will help pay for the exposition and other work.

Thank you very much.