22 June 2022

Hanoin husi LH ba Parseiru Dezenvolvimentu sira

 Link to this blog in English

Iha 10 Juñu 2022, Governu Timor-Leste organiza reuniaun anuál ho Parseiru Dezenvolvimentu sira iha edifísiu Ministériu Finansa, Dili. Tuir mai mak hanoin badak balu husi La’o Hamutuk ne’ebé fahe ona ba partisipante. Bele liga ba informasaun kle’an liu kona ba soru-mutu refere (inklui video no aprezentasaun sira) no ami nia komentáriu iha lian Tetum no Ingles.  

Komentáriu husi La’o Hamutuk ba Enkontru Parseiru Dezenvolvimentu Timor-Leste 2022

La’o Hamutuk nudár organizasaun Sosiedade Sivíl ne’ebé liu dékada rua, partisipa ativu iha prosesu konstrusaun no dezenvolvimentu Timor-Leste nian, liu husi monitoriza, analiza no halo advokasia bazeia ba evidénsia no polítika públiku Timor-Leste nian. La’o Hamutuk mós asume papél hodi fahe informasaun oin-oin ba povu atu bele iha kbiit hodi enfrenta dezafiu sira nudár Estadu no Nasaun, no atu fahe informasaun no perspetiva sira ba ukun-na’in sira iha Governu no parseiru dezenvolvimentu sira.

Aproveita tempu ida ne’e, hato’o agradesimentu ba kontribuisaun hotu ne’ebé parseiru dezenvolvimentu sira oferese iha momentu difisil hotu povu Timor nian inklui krize saúde no dezastre naturais dala rua tuituir malu iha istória ikus Timor-Leste nian.

Situasaun atuál Timor-Leste nian

Fundu Petrolíferu Sei Mamuk Lalais.

Diskusaun no previzaun sira ne’ebé resposta husi Orsamentu Retifikativu 2022 no Proposta Lei Grande Opsaun do Planu ba OGE 2023, husik hela mensajen prinsipál ba ita hotu katak Fundu Petrolíferu sei hotu lalais liu sein investe ba interese Povu Timor-Leste nian ba tempu naruk.

Agora, produsaun Bayu-Undan besik atu remata, no laiha kampu seluk prontu atu fornese reseita. Durante Janeiru-Abril 2022, valor investimentu iha Fundu Petrolíferu tun 10% ($1.6 biliaun). Maske Ministériu Finansas inklui projesaun grave kona-ba presépio financeiro (fiscal cliff) iha Lei Grande Opsaun do Planu ba OGE 2023 ne’ebé foin pasa husi Parlamentu Nasionál, realidade katak situasaun ida ne’e bele mosu lalais liu kompara ho sira nia estimizasaun. 

Situasaun ida ne’e fó ameasa ba ita nia nasaun no bem-estar povu nian, tanba ita nia kapasidade atu finansia setór báziku hanesan saúde no edukasaun, sei perigozu tebes bainhira Fundu Petrolíferu kuaze mamuk ona. Situasaun ida ne’e bele mós fó ameasa ba ita nia soberania, se Governu deside atu foti empréstimu ne’ebé Timor-Leste sei susar atu selu fali.

Diversifikasaun Ekonómiku Seidauk Realiza.

Ami haree iha tendénsia atu kontinua gasta osan ba Projetu Tasi Mane no projetu boot sira seluk ne’ebé nia retornu nafatin iha duvida, too agora seidauk klaru ba benefísiu husi Projetu Tasi Mane atu dezenvolve ekonomia Timor-Leste nian. 

Tendénsia atu investe iha projetu boot sira ne’ebé falta atu hamosu diversifikasaun ekonómiku ne’ebé sustentável, ida ne’e lori konsekuénsia ba ita nia nasaun atu depende nafatin ba importasaun. Kada tinan, Timor-Leste importa sasán ho valór kuaze tokon $500. Esportasaun naun-petrolíferu maizumenus tokon $20 kada tinan. Produsaun ai-han lokál la sufisiente atu hasoru nesesidade populasaun.

To’o agora, Timor-Leste kobre défise komérsiu ida ne’e ho osan husi reseita petrolíferu no retornu investimentu. Maibé ne’e la’ós solusaun sustentável, tanba hanesan ita hatene ona Fundu Petrolíferu bele mamuk iha tinan sanulu tuir mai. 

Bainhira Fundu mamuk ona, nasaun ne’e sei la bele selu importasaun barak no impaktu ba povu sei todan liu tan se produsaun ai-han lokál seidauk aumenta maka’as. Agora, maioria husi populasaun la iha seguransa ai-han, no labarik ho idade menus husi tinan lima iha Timor-Leste ho kondisaun isin ra’es badak (stunted). Se situasaun ida ne’e sai grave liu, oinsá ho nia impaktu ba povu? Diversifikasaun ekonomia la’ós asuntu abstratu de’it - ne’e fó impaktu maka’as ba povu nia moris.

Mudansa Klimátika halo situasaun ida ne’e grave liu tan.

Mundu tomak preokupa tebes kona-ba mudansa klimátika, ne'ebe mai husi fonte sira inklui produsaun mina no gas ne’ebé hasai gas estufa hodi estraga klima no rezulta krize umanu oin-oin iha mundu inklui Timor-Leste. Timor-Leste la ketak husi planeta mundu nian, ida ne’ebé hetan efeitu no kontribui mós ba mudansa klimátika ne’ebé umanidade mundiál enfrenta.

Impaktu husi mudansa klimátika bele halo problema balun ne’ebé ita enfrenta hela sei sai todan liu tan, inklui inseguransa ai-han, produsaun agrikultura menus, asesu ba bee moos no kualidade infrastrutura. Ita la bele adapta-an nafatin ba situasaun ne’ebé kontinua sai grave liu tan, no presiza esforsu husi nasaun boot sira (inklui doadór) atu hamenus sira nia emisaun gás estufa.

Rekomendasaun ba Parseiru Dezenvolvimentu Sira

  • Aumenta investimentu ba ekonomia produtivu, ne’ebé orienta ba konsumu doméstiku. Ami hanoin katak Timor-Leste bele iha liu tan kbiit atu enfrenta situasaun aat oin-oin iha futuru kuandu ita harii duni ekonomia ida ne’ebé produtivu no sustentável. Ami husu doadór sira atu foka liu ba produsaun agrikultura ne’ebé bele responde ba krize seguransa ai-han no nutrisaun. Liu husi hametin sistema produsaun eskala-ki’ik ne’ebé eziste ona, no valoriza kapasidade, forsa no vontade inklui kondisaun ba atividade ne’ebé eziste ona iha populasaun.

  • Investe atu haforsa no hametin Timor-Leste nia rekursu ho valor boot liu – ita nia povu. Atu la’o ba futuru, Timor-Leste presiza apoiu husi doadór sira atu hadi’ak liu tan ita nia sistema edukasaun no saúde, no atu hamenus kedas malnutrisaun no pobreza. La ho povu ne’ebé forte, liuliu joven no labarik sira, ita nunka bele harii nasaun forte.

  • Ajuda polítiku na’in sira atu kompriende katak indústria estrativa sira – petróleu, mineiru – labele fornese osan no empregu adekuadu ba Timor-Leste, no sei labele sustenta ekonomia no orsamentu estadu iha futuru. Ita tenke hamenus atensaun ba fantasia ida ne’e, no halo esforsu maka’as atu dezenvolve ekonomia sustentável, bazeia ba rekursu umanu no renovavel sira ne'ebé ita iha duni – povu, agrikultura, indústria transformadóra, dezenvolve fatin turistiku komunitáriu inklui poténsia seluk ne’ebé bele adopta tuir karakterístika Timor-Leste nian rasik.

  • Parseiru dezenvolvimentu sira bele rekoñese realidade atuál Timor-Leste nian no kontinua aliña an iha prioridade no nesesidade loloos ne’ebé povu no nasaun ne’e presiza. Ami sujere atu kontinua ho inisiativa di’ak atu fó apoiu ba hirak ne’ebé marzinalizadu hanesan feto sira, hirak ne’ebé moris kbiit laek iha área rurál, ema ho defisiénsia, labarik sira ne’ebé ho kondisaun malnutrisaun, sira ne’ebé seidauk hetan asesu ba edukasaun no asesu ba saúde ho di’ak no adekuadu. Nune’e, povu hotu iha área remota sira ne’ebé falta atensaun ka seidauk hetan asisténsia bele moris ho kondisaun ne’ebé di’ak liu no ekitável liu.

  • Ami husu doadór hotu atu aliña sira nia programa kona-ba adaptasaun ba mudansa klimátika ho sira nia nasaun ida-idak nia polítika rasik. Dalan efetivu liu ba hasoru krize mudansa klimátika mak nasaun industrializadu sira tenke hamenus kedas sira nia emisaun. La bele husu nasaun ki’ik hanesan Timor-Leste atu adapta aan nafatin ba situasaun ne’ebé nasaun industrializadu kontinua atu prolonga.

  • Parseiru Dezenvolvimentu sira bele ajuda Governu atu atualiza dadus importante sira ne’ebé bele ajuda Governu dezenvolve polítika bazeia ba evidénsia, inklui halo analiza ba planu programa sai realistíku liu. Hanesan: Demographics and Health Survey ikus halo iha 2016, Household Income and Expenditure Survey halo iha 2011, Living Standards Survey iha 2014 no Labor Force Survey kompletu iha 2013.

Konkluzaun

Ami apresia tebes ba vontade másima husi parseiru sira ne’ebé hakarak apoia nasaun ida ne’e no nia povu. Nune’e ami sujere atu suporta ami nia desizor sira ba diresaun ida ne’ebé bele ajuda eleva kapasidade umanu liu-liu hirak ne’ebé marzinalizadu no hakbiit ami nia ekonomia rai laran hodi hametin liu tan ba konsumu doméstiku. Aleinde ne’e, bele nafatin fó asisténsia ba ami nia rai ne’ebé vulneravel tebes ba risku mundiál atu reforsa ami nia reziliénsia ne’ebé bele garante ba moris sustentável liu. Obrigada barak.

11 June 2022

LH thoughts for Development Partners

 Blog ida ne'e iha Tetum 

On 10 June 2022, the Government of Timor-Leste held its annual meeting with Development Partners at the Ministry of Finance in Dili. The following is an abridged version of some thoughts that La'o Hamutuk distributed to participants.  Links to more information about the meeting (including videos and presentations) and to our full statement in English or Tetum.

Thoughts from La’o Hamutuk for the 2022 Timor-Leste Development Partners Meeting

La’o Hamutuk, a 20-year-old civil society organization, actively participates in constructing and developing Timor-Leste through monitoring, analysis and evidence-based advocacy related to public policies. La’o Hamutuk also distributes information to help empower our people, and shares perspectives with leaders in Government and development partners.

At this time, we would like to thank development partners for their contributions in this difficult time, including the health crisis and two natural disasters.

Timor-Leste’s current situation

The Petroleum Fund will soon be empty.

The discussion and projections on the 2022 Budget Rectification and the 2023 Major Planning Options law reminded everyone that the Petroleum Fund will be used up quickly, unless we rapidly invest in the long-term interests of the Timorese people.

Right now, Bayu-Undan production is almost finished, and no other fields are ready to provide revenue. Between January and April 2022, the value of the Petroleum Fund’s investments dropped 10% ($1.6 billion).  Although the Ministry of Finance included alarming projections about a fiscal cliff in the Major Planning Options law which Parliament just passed, this calamity could happen even sooner than they estimated.

The fiscal cliff threatens our people’s well-being, because our capacity to pay for basic services, such as health and education, will be constrained when our Petroleum Fund is empty.  Our sovereignty is also at risk if Government takes out loans which it cannot repay.

Timor-Leste’s economy is not yet diversified.

We continue to spend money on the Tasi Mane Project, ports and airports -- projects with dubious returns. We have not seen any evidence that these projects will help develop Timor-Leste's economy.

The pattern of spending on large projects undercuts diversifying a sustainable economy, and causes our nation to continue to depend on imports. Every year, Timor-Leste imports around $500 million worth of goods, but our non-petroleum exports are about $20 million per year. Local food production cannot feed our people.

So far, Timor-Leste covers our trade deficit with money from petroleum revenues and investment returns. But this is not sustainable, as the Petroleum Fund could be empty in ten years.

When the Fund is empty, our nation will not be able to pay for imports, and, unless local food production has greatly increased, our people will suffer even more. Already, most people have no food security,  and most children under five are stunted. If this situation worsens, how will it impact us? Economic diversification is not an abstract issue – it is essential for survival.

Climate change makes this situation even worse.

The entire world is very worried about climate change, which is caused by large industries, including the production of oil and gas, which release greenhouse gases, leading to human crises all over the planet, including in Timor-Leste. We feel the impacts and also contribute to climate change that all humanity is confronting.

Climate change turns some of our problems into catastrophes, including food insecurity, reduced agricultural production, access to clean water, and quality of infrastructure. We cannot adapt indefinitely to a situation which continues to get worse, and every nation (especially large ones, including donors) must reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.

Recommendations for Development Partners

  • Invest more in the productive economy, oriented toward domestic consumption.  Timor-Leste will be able to confront difficult situations more effectively if our economy is productive and sustainable. Please prioritize agricultural production to address food insecurity and malnutrition by strengthening existing systems of small-scale production and building on the capacity, strength and commitment that our people already have.

  • Invest in Timor-Leste’s most valuable resource – our people. Donors can help improve our education and health systems, and to quickly reduce malnutrition and poverty. Without a strong population, especially children and youth, we will never build a strong nation.

  • Help our politicians understand that extractive industries – petroleum and mining – cannot provide enough money and jobs for Timor-Leste, and will be unable to sustain our economy and state budget. We must reduce our obsession with this fantasy, and develop an economy based on the human and renewable resources we actually have – people, agriculture, processing industries, community tourism, and other potential areas based in Timor-Leste’s own characteristics.

  • Development partners should continue good initiatives to support marginalized people, including women, the rural poor, disabled people, malnourished children, and those who cannot yet access adequate education and health care. People in remote areas are often neglected, or cannot access essential services – we need to improve equity.

  • We ask all donors to align their programs on climate change with their own policies. The most effective path to confront climate change is for industrialized countries to rapidly reduce their emissions. Don’t ask countries like Timor-Leste to keep adapting so that industrialized countries can continue to destroy the global climate.

  • Development partners can help our Government update key information for creating evidence-based policies. For example, the most recent Demographics and Health Survey was in 2016, the Household Income and Expenditure Survey in 2011, the Living Standards Survey in 2014, and a complete Labor Force Survey in 2013.

Conclusion

 
We greatly appreciate development partners' readiness to support our people. Therefore, we ask you to help our decision-makers move toward raising our human capacity to reinforce Timor-Leste’s economy to produce for domestic consumption. Please continue to help our vulnerable country, to reinforce our resilience. Thank you.

25 May 2022

Proposta Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira Planu 2023 / Major Planning Options Law

English translation below

Horiseik, dia 24 fulan Maiu, ONG Lao Hamutuk hato'o Karta Aberta ida ba Deputadu/a Parlamentu Nasionál, kona-ba proposta Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira Planu 2023 (Lei Grande Opsaun Planu). Ho karta ida ne’e, La’o Hamutuk hakarak atu kontribui ba avaliasaun no diskusaun ba dezeñu diresaun polítiku ida ne’ebé realistíku, ekitável no sustentável liu ba ita nian rain doben.

La’o Hamutuk apresia katak liu husi proposta Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira, planu Governu esforsu atu hatudu realidade no situasaun loloos husi finansas estadu, inklui fó projesaun katak Fundu Petrolíferu sei mamuk molok tinan 2035, no realidade reseita husi produsaun mina no gás nafatin hatudu tendénsia tun.

La’o Hamutuk husu Ministériu Finansas atu hadi’a no atualiza informasaun kona-ba projesaun ba despeza no reseita ba futuru. Ami nota katak Proposta Lei ida ne’e uza dadus finanseiru ne’ebé la inklui impaktu husi Orsamentu Retifikativu 2022, ne’ebé aumenta OJE 2022 ba biliaun $1.24. Iha ezbosu Lei nia laran, iha mós informasaun ne’ebé la konsistente, no ami preokupa katak projesaun ba reseita iha futuru inklui reseita la mai serteza, ka la iha evidénsia. Iha Karta Aberta ne’e, ami inklui informasaun kle’an tan kona ba preokupasaun hirak ne’e, no husu Ministériu Finansas atu fornese informasaun kompletu kona-ba sira nia estimasaun hirak ne’e, atu ajuda Membru Parlamentu no públiku bele avalia proposta ida ne’e, no komprende realidade situasaun finansas estadu inklui impaktu husi proposta lei ida ne’e.

Maske La’o Hamutuk apresia katak Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira Planu kria oportunidade atu estabelese planu integradu ne’ebé kontribui ba objetivu espesífiku, ami observa katak Proposta Lei ne’e sita medida 263. Ne’e signifika katak proposta lei ida ne’e falta atu identifika “Opsaun Prinsipál”, maibé inklui lista medida barak la ho indikasaun medida ka programa saida mak sei hetan prioridade ka alokasaun boot liu. Iha Karta Aberta, ami identifika proposta programa ruma ne’ebé importante liu atu sai prioridade iha OJE 2023, inklui agrikultura ne’ebé orienta ba konsumsaun lokál, edukasaun, saúde, no bee mós no saneamentu. Hafoin Fundu Petrolíferu mamuk, sei la iha osan tan atu investe iha setór xave sira. Nune’e mak ita presiza uza oportunidade ida ne’e atu investe iha povu.

Iha Karta Aberta refere, ami mós identifika proposta programa balun ne’ebé ami konsidera la bele sai prioridade iha OJE 2023, inklui aeroportu regional sira no komponente Projetu Tasi Mane. Por ezemplu, ezbosu lei ida ne’e inklui “aquisição de terrenos e reassentamento da população”, maibé Projetu Tasi Mane iha hela inserteza. La iha razaun atu aloka osan ba dezlokasaun komunidade se viabilidade projetu ne’e seidauk klaru. Presiza prioritiza estudu independente kona ba kustu, benefísiu, no risku molok aloka osan tan ba implementasaun, hanesan ANPM no TimorGAP fó kometimentu atu realiza. Tuir mai, proposta Lei ida ne’e mós inklui estensaun auto-estrada iha Costa Súl ne’ebé liga ho Projetu Tasi Mane. Konstrusaun faze primeiru realiza ho kustu tokon $350 ba 30 km de’it - ho kualidade ne’ebé la di’ak no daudaun ne’e kondisaun balu hahú aat ona. Se Governu propoin atu kontinua harii auto-estrada ida ne’e, karik kustu tomak bele to’o $1.3 biliaun - maske estudu independente ba projetu ida ne’e seidauk hala’o. Mosu dúvida boot, benefísiu saida mak sei fó ba povu, no oinsá mak impaktu ba sustentabilidade finanseiru?

Bele hetan La’o Hamutuk nia Karta Aberta iha ne’e no informasaun tan iha ne’e.

La’o Hamutuk writes to Parliament about the proposed Major Planning Options Law for 2023

On May 24, La’o Hamutuk sent an open letter to the National Parliament about the proposed 2023 Major Planning Options Law. Through this letter, La’o Hamutuk hopes to contribute to the evaluation and discussion of the design of realistic, equitable, and sustainable directions for our beloved nation.

La’o Hamutuk appreciates that the Government has tried to describe the actual situation of Timor-Leste’s finances, including projections that the Petroleum Fund will run out by 2035, and the reality that revenues from oil and gas extraction will continue to decline.

In the letter, La’o Hamutuk asks the Ministry of Finance to improve and update information about projected spending and revenues. The proposed law does not include the 2022 Budget Rectification, which increased spending by $1.24 billion. The proposed law also has inconsistent numbers, and we are concerned that some projected revenues are not proven or explained. Our letter asks the Ministry of Finance to provide complete information about these estimates to help Parliament and the public evaluate this proposal and understand its actual impact on state finances.

We recognize that the Major Options Planning Law is an opportunity for the Government to establish an integrated plan to achieve specific objectives. However, this proposed law cites 263 measures; it does not identify “major options”, but instead lists a lot of programs without indicating which will be prioritized or receive a large allocation. Our letter identifies a few programs that should be prioritized in the 2023 State Budget, including agriculture oriented towards local consumption, education, health, and water and sanitation. When the Petroleum Fund is empty, there will be no money to invest in key sectors. We therefore need to use this opportunity to invest in the people today.

Our letter also identifies programs that should not be prioritized, including regional airports and the Tasi Mane project. For example, the proposed law lists measures to “acquire land and resettle the population” to make space for Tasi Mane, notwithstanding that the project may never be built. We need to prioritize an independent study of the costs, benefits and risks, before allocating more money to implementation, as ANPM and TimorGAP have already promised to do. Furthermore, the proposed law includes extending the south coast highway which is part of the Tasi Mane Project. Construction of the first 30 km of this highway cost $350 million, but the construction was poor quality and the road is in disrepair. If the Government plans to continue this highway, it could cost $1.3 billion more - although an independent study is yet to be undertaken. The raises major doubts - what are the benefits to the people, and what are the risks to the sustainability of state finances?

06 May 2022

La’o Hamutuk husu PN atu la aprova proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu

Iha dia 4 fulan Maiu 2022, La'o Hamutuk submete karta aberta ba Komisaun C no Deputadu/a hotu iha Parlamentu Nasionál kona-ba Proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu ba Lei Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2022. Maske Governu la loke oportunidade ba sosiedade sivíl atu submete Submisaun ba proposta ne’e, ami konsidera importante atu hato’o ami nia preokupasaun ho proposta refere hodi bele ajuda Deputadu/a sira atu halo desizaun di’ak liu.

Iha loron 26 Abril, Konsellu Ministrus deside atu husu Parlamentu Nasional atu aumenta OJE 2022 promulga ona ho despeza foun ba biliaun $1,13 hodi finansia medidas balun, inklui kriasaun Fundu dos Kombatentes de Libertasaun Nasional (FCLN) ho valór $1 bilaun.

Prosesu atu diskute proposta ida ne’e ho tempu limitadu tebes tanba hafoin pedidu husi Governu atu aprova ho lalais, iha loron 29 Abril Parlamentu deside atu halo debate kona-ba proposta ida ne’e ho karákter urjénsia. Governu justifika pedidu ida ne’e ho razaun katak medidas ne’ebé propoin iha Orsamentu Retifikativu presiza kedas atu responde ba situasaun ekonómiku atuál. Rezultadu mak katak Komisaun sira sei halo audiénsia durante 3-5 Maiu, no debate iha plenária Parlamentár iha loron 9-13 fulan Maiu.

Bainhira hetan aprovasaun, OJE 2022 retifika sei sa’e liu biliaun $3,2. Montante ne'e boot liu iha istória Timor-Leste nian. Orsamentu 2022 hetan finansia ho transferénsia biliaun $2,4 husi Fundu Petrolíferu, liu dala haat Rendimentu Sustentável Estimadu. Nune’e La’o Hamutuk preokupa ho proposta ne’ebé Governu propoin hodi foti desizaun ne’ebé sei fó impaktu boot ba sustentabilidade finansas estadu, ho maneira ne’ebé ansi demais no la mai ho urjénsia klaru. 

La’o Hamutuk la haree razaun forte atu justifika pedidu urjénsia ne’ebé Parlamentu Nasionál aprova tiha ona. Maske Governu deskreve katak Orsamentu Retifikativu ida ne’e presiza atu responde ba situasaun urjente, realidade mak programa sira ne’ebé Governu propoin la’ós urjente no apoiu ba ema vulneravel hetan parte ki’ik de’it husi proposta ida ne’e. Tuir proposta ne’e, ema kiak sei hetan de’it 8% husi transferénsia foun ne’e, liu husi programa subsídiu ba kada uma kain, programa UKL+, no edukasaun hetan 1%. Maioria (89%) husi proposta ida ne’e sei fó ba Fundu dos Kombatentes de Libertasaun Nasionál. 

Se Governu haree iha duni urjénsia atu realiza programa foun husi proposta ne’e, iha dalan ne’ebé eziste ona ba Governu atu uza osan husi OJE 2022 aprovadu. Lei Enkuadramentu Orsamentál loke dalan ba Governu atu muda alokasaun balun la ho kria Orsamentu Retifikativu. Aléinde ne’e, Fundu Kontinjénsia iha OJE 2022 aprovadu hetan ona alokasaun tokon $29.5; fundu ida ne’e sufisiente atu selu ba maioria husi programa foun ne’ebé Governu propoin (Fundu FCLN de’it nudár transferénsia eskala boot ne’ebé presiza hetan transferénsia foun). 

Ami preokupa katak proposta ne’e bele hamosu tendénsia perigozu, katak prosesu OJE ne’ebé estabelese iha Lei Enkuadramentu Orsamentál bele ignora se bainhira iha motivasaun polítika. Tuir rezultadu husi eleisaun Prezidensiál liu ba, Dr. Ramos Horta sei hala’o funsaun nudár Prezidente Repúblika foun ba Timor-Leste hafoin toma pose iha 20 de Maiu 2022. Rezultadu eleisaun la bele sai razaun ba Governu atu fó presaun ba PN atu pasa lejizlasaun no hetan promulgasaun husi Prezidente Repúblika atuál, ho maneira lalais ne’ebé la iha oportunidade atu diskute ho kle’an.

Kona-ba Fundu dos Kombantentes de Libertasaun Nasionál, ami haree katak informasaun ne’ebé Governu fahe la kompletu. Ami preokupa katak Governu propoin atu kria ho lalais Fundu foun ida ne’e, la ho detallu kona-ba jestaun Fundu refere. Seidauk iha dekretu-lei ne’ebé jere Fundu ne’e, no tuir Governu nia Plano Legislativo 2022 seidauk iha planu atu kria rejime legál durante tinan ne’e. Kriasaun FCLN la'ós urjente, no ami konsidera katak mudansa ba mekanizmu atu fó apoiu ba veteranu sira no estrutura OJE no finansas estadu ba futuru di’ak liu bele diskute ho kle’an tan. Se bainhira Parlamentu hala’o debate kona ba proposta ida ne’e ho karákter urjénsia, la iha tempo sufisiente atu konsidera ho kle’an impaktu ruma ne’e. 

Bazeia ba preokupasaun sira iha leten, iha ami nia submisaun La’o Hamutuk sujere atu Parlamentu Nasionál atu la aprova proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu. Ami hein katak hafoin Parlamentu rejeita proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu, Governu no Parlamentu bele diskute no deside se Timor-Leste presiza lejizlasaun foun atu fasilita apoiu efetivu ba grupu vulneravel sira.

17 March 2022

Eleisaun Prezidensiál 2022: Eleitor Hotu iha Direitu Hanesan atu Partisipa

Hasoru eleisaun prezidensiál 19 de Marsu 2022, La’o Hamutuk esforsu atu fahe informasaun importante ba públiku liu husi ami nia webpage no mós liu husi ami nia programa radio “Radio Igualdade”. Lao Hamutuk prodús ona programa radio ida ho objetivu atu promove diskusaun substantive sira kona ba nasaun nia futuru liga ho eleisaun. Iha programa radio ne'e entrevista ho reprezentante husi grupu oin-oin, atu hatene sira nia lian no sira nia esperansa ba kandidatu prezidente foun.  Artigu blog ida ne’e, ami hakarak atu fó rezumu ba tópiku ida ne’ebé mosu iha programa radio kona ba perspetiva sira liga ho partisipasaun povu iha eleisaun presidential tinan ne'e. Programa radio kompletu bele rona online iha ne'e.

Direitu atu Partisipa iha Eleisaun Livre husi Diskriminasaun

Konstituisaun RDTL Artigu 7 hatete katak “Povu ejerse podér polítiku ho sufrájiu universál, livre, iguál, direta, sekretu.”  Artigu 21 hosi Deklarasaun Universal Direitus Umanus no Artigu 25 hosi Konvensaun Internasionál ba Direitu Sivíl no Polítika hatutan katak Estadu iha obrigasaun atu organiza eleisaun ida ne’ebé genuine (loloos).  Sidadaun hotu-hotu sein diskriminasaun iha direitu atu partisipa ho livre no ejerse sira nia direitu ba vota hodi hili sira-nia lider. Ne’e signifika katak iha prosesu eleisaun, la bele iha restrisaun diskriminatória inklui diskriminasaun bazeia ba seksu, lian, polítiku, relijiaun, no defisiénsia. 

Esforsu atu elimina diskriminasaun seidauk konsege hamosu igualdade iha nasaun laran. Ita hotu presiza tau matan nafatin ba asuntu importante ida ne’e. Ligadu ho eleisaun prezidensiál periodu 2022-2027, Lao Hamutuk hakarak fahe hanoin no esperansa maluk defisiénsia sira, husi organizasaun feto iha Timor-Leste, husi grupu alumni parlamentu foin-sa’e Timor-Leste.

Eleitor nia Lian no Esperansa      

Eleisaun Asesivel ona ka Lae ba Ema ho Defisiénsia iha Timor-Leste?

Tuir mai Sr. Joao Zito dos Santos, diretór Rae’s Hadomi Timor Oan (RHTO) reprezentante maluk defisiénsia sira iha Timor-Leste hato’o sira nia hanoin no esperansa liga ho eleisaun ba prezidente repúblika periodu 2022-2027:

Ami nia hanoin kandidatu se de’it mak povu hili importante mak sai matan, tilun, ibun ba povu kbiit laek sira no oinsá buka hatene ema hirak ne'e nia kondisaun inklui ema defisiénsia sira, atu oinsá partisipa iha desizaun sira liga inkluzaun sosiál, asesibilidade ba dezenvolvimentu nasaun nian.

Ita hotu hatene katak agora iha kandidatu hamutuk 16, númeru boot hanesan ne'e, nudár dezafiu ida ba ema defisiénsia sira, tanba liga ho buletin de votu la iha asesibilidade ba maluk defisiénsia sira, liu-liu defisiénsia matan iha Timor-Leste. Iha eleisaun tinan lima liu ba, maluk defisiénsia sira hatoos ona relatóriu no rekomendasaun sira liga ho ejijénsia no preokupasaun ema defisiénsia nian ba Komisaun Nasionál Eleisaun (CNE) no Sekretáriu Téknika Administrasaun Eleitorál (STAE) atu konsidera oinsá eleisaun tuir mai bele iha kondisaun ruma hodi prodús mós bulletin de votu ho asesibilidade ba maluk defisiénsia matan sira, atu nune’e sira bele partisipa ho didi’ak iha eleisaun. Maske ami hato’o ona ejijénsia maibé la iha resposta no mudansa ba bulletin de votu, karik eleisaun agora mós nafatin la asesivel ba ema defisiénsia matan sira. Maske na’i ulun sira ko’alia barak kona ba inkluzaun no igualdade, maibé nudár retórika de’it no la tau iha asaun no implementasaun. 

Tanba ne'e, ami defisiénsia sira kontinua sai marjinalizadu iha estadu nia matan. Tuir lei inan garante katak ema hotu iha direitu hanesan. Tuir Konstituisaun Artigu 16 hakerek klaru kona ba Universalidade no Igualdade, maibé iha pratika, lei oan sira hanesan lei ba eleisaun nian la hare didi’ak ba prinsipiu jerál ne’ebé hakerek klaru iha konstituisaun. Situasaun ne'e nudár preokupasaun boot tebes ba ema defisiénsia sira.

Partisipasaun no Direitu Feto

Husi perspetiva jéneru, Diretóra Fokupers Sra. Maria Fatima Pereira Guterres (mana Fati) hato’o mós preokupasaun ida katak, prosesu eleisaun ladún sensivel no responsive ba asuntu jéneru ho mós inkluzaun nee rasik:

Ami preokupa tanba dala ruma situasaun emerjénsia mosu hanesan kazu violénsia sira ita la espera maibé sempre akontese no vítima sira tenke hetan protesaun husi uma mahon sira. Ligadu ho sistema eleisaun nian, ami hare la sensivel no responsive hodi fasilita vítima sira ba vota. Tuir regulamentu formal katak, ema hotu ba vota tenke iha kartaun eleitorál ka dokumentu ofisiál ruma, no vítima barak ho kazu violénsia bazeia ba jéneru halai sai husi uma la hodi dokumentu hirak nee, no la iha sistema di’ak atu fasilita, entaun sira lakon direitu ba vota.

Diretóra haktuir katak, hala’o ona esforsu barak maibé seidauk iha mudansa hodi fasilita vítima no maluk kbiit laek sira iha eleisaun.

Perspetiva husi Joven

Tuir joven feto Celina Soares Franklin nudár membru ba organizasaun alumni parlamentu foin-sa’e Timor-Leste:

Kampaña eleisaun prezidensiál tinan ne'e kompetitivu tebes tanba iha kandidatu feto na’in 4 husi kandidatu na’in 16 ne’ebé kompete iha eleisaun periodu tinan ne’e. Ho kandidatu feto sira, hatudu katak iha mudansa pozitivu liga ho luta ba igualdade jéneru nian no garantia katak feto partisipa ativu iha vida polítika, ekonomia, sosiál no kulturál.

Espera katak kampaña tinan nee lider sira labele insultu malu, maibé tenke hato’o sira nia programa no estratéjia sira ba dezenvolvimentu nasaun nian, oinsá ema hotu tenke kria situasaun amigavel no hakmatek hodi hametin pas no estabilidade. Nudár joven no estudante, husu ba kandidatu se-se de’it mak sei eleitu ba Prezidente Repúblika, tenke ejerse ita boot sira nia knaar tuir konstituisaun RDTL, halo ligasaun, diálogu no komunikasaun di’ak ho órgaun soberania sira seluk atu garantia moris hakmatek, justu no pás.

Konkluzaun

Povu Timor-Leste bele orgullu katak durante periodu independénsia, Timor-Leste konsege realiza ona eleisaun ne’ebé demokrátiku, dame, no livre husi violénsia.  Kometimentu povu ba prinsipiu demokrátiku no pas sai forte nafatin. Maske nune’e ita presiza halo nafatin esforsu atu asegura katak ema hotu bele realiza sira nia direitu demokrátiku livre husi diskriminasaun. 

Hanesan ho eleisaun uluk, staff La’o Hamutuk sei partisipa iha eleisaun, no hola parte mós nudár observadór. Knaar observadór mak atu monitoriza prosesu eleisaun, atu identifika forsa no frakeza sira iha prosesu, inklui identifika dezafiu ne’ebé eleitor defisiénsia no eleitor feto sira hasoru. Ami sei fornese rezultadu husi ami nia monitorizasaun ba autoridade relevante hodi bele kontinua nafatin hadi’ak, hametin prosesu demokrátiku iha Timor-Leste. Mai ita hotu suporta malu atu realiza eleisaun demokrátiku ho inkluzivu liu!  Viva povu Timor-Leste!

02 March 2022

Proposta Santos nian ba harii CCS iha Bayu-Undan La’ós Solusaun Loos no La Onestu

 Komunikadu Imprensa, 1 Marsu 2022 [link to English version

Empreza petróleu no gás Australianu Santos, operadór iha kampu Bayu-Undan, daudaun ne’e hakarak atu realiza projetu Kaptura no rai Karbonu (Carbon Capture and Storage – CCS) iha fatin kampu Bayu-Undan bainhira hotu iha 2023 ka 2024. Ne’e signifika katak gás karbonu dioxida ne’ebé sai ona hanesan emisaun ka lixu husi produsaun gás naturál sei hatama ka rai iha tasi okos iha tasi Timor-Leste nian.

Projetu CCS Santos nia intensaun loloos atu uza fatin mamuk Bayu-Undan nian ba rai karbonu dioxida husi projetu gás Barossa iha territóriu Austrália nian, ida ne’ebé sei lori gás ba Planta Darwin LNG no rai fali karbonu iha Kampu Bayu-Undan. La iha benefísiu ida mai Timor-Leste husi gás Barossa - maibé Santos hein Timor-Leste bele fornese fatin atu rai hela emisaun husi sira nia projetu.

Kompañia Santos hasoru hela problema boot ida, tanba gás naturál husi Kampu Barossa, sei emite montante karbonu ne'ebé aas tebes. Gás naturál iha Kampu Barossa kahur ho nivel karbonu aas liu. Kompañia ne’e bele hasoru susar atu evita husi sira nia responsabilidade ba mundu ba emisaun ne’ebé sira sei prodús no susar mós ba sira atu buka dalan ba fa’an gás naturál ne’ebé rezulta husi projetu ho kontribuisaun maka’as ba mudansa klimátika. Santos rasik halo ona promesa atu atinje “emisaun net zero” iha tinan 2040, signifika katak sira presiza buka meius atu “kansela” sira nia emisaun liu husi hala’o atividade hanesan CCS. Infelizmente, konseitu “emisaun net zero” signifika katak kompañia sira bele kontinua nafatin atu kria emisaun perigozu no hahú projetu mina no gás foun, maske peritu barak agora konklui katak mundu labele loke projetu mina no gás ida tan se ita hakarak proteje klima.

Jullu 2021, La’o Hamutuk publika artigu ida hodi kestiona planu atu harii CCS tanba konsidera kontra prinsipiu justisa klimátika no bele fó impaktu negativu boot ba Timor-Leste no klima global. Sai tiha ona preokupasaun públiku no global kona-ba impaktu husi atividade ema nian liu-liu husi atividade indústria estrativa ba mudansa klimátika ne’ebé husik hela krize grave klimátika kontra umanidade.

Barossa mak Kampu ne’ebé seidauk dezenvolve no tuir planu atu hahú produsaun iha tinan 2025. Maibé Santos hetan presaun kona-ba kometimentu ba Net Zero no aumenta emisaun ba atmosfera, tanba ne’e Santos introdús planu CCS atu permite produsaun Barossa bele la’o. Realidade katak teknolojia CCS seidauk forte atu garante ka bele konsege duni kaptura no rai hela emisaun tomak, no la bele kaptura emisaun husi kada aspetu produsaun no transportasaun gás too nia utilizasaun ne’ebé susar atu kontrola. Tuir kalkulasaun, projetu Kaptura no Rai Hela Karbonu iha Bayu-Undan bele konsege hamenus 28% husi emisaun total husi produsaun gás Barossa.   CCS la’ós solusaun efetivu ka justu, solusaun efetivu no justu liu mak la prodús projetu petrolíferu no gás foun hodi prevene prodús emisaun husi kampu no husi konsumidór sira hodi salva ita nia planeta husi risku grave liu ba tinan hira tuir mai.

Setembru 2021, Santos ho Autoridade Nasional Petróleu no Minerál-ANPM asina nota entendimentu ida atu hahú diskute posibilidade atu uza kampu Bayu-Undan ba rai hela karbonu. Nota entendimentu ida ne’e nudár konversa inisiál ida ne’ebé seidauk iha forsa legál ka desizaun atu avansa projetu CCS. Infelizmente Santos dadaun ne’e iha hela esforsu nia laran atu hasai sira nia difikuldade tomak kona ba issue ambientál ba projetu refere liu husi Northern Territory atu fornese lisensiamentu ambientál ba sira hodi uza kampu Bayu-Undan ne’ebé tama iha territóriu Soberanu Timor-Leste nian, ida ne’e reflete iha proposta Santos nian ba iha Autoridade Protesaun Ambientál Northern Territóriu (Austrália) - NTEPA Austrália nian.

15 Fevreiru 2022, La’o Hamutuk hakerek submisaun ida ne’ebé husu ba NTEPA atu haree proposta CCS husi Santos ho holístiku, liu husi analiza ne’ebé kle’an liu duke fiar de’it ba proposta haktuir ba interese husi Santos.   Autoridade ambientál sira ho podér no kompeténsia atu proteje povu sira, viziñu no mundu tomak husi kuidadu ba aumenta fo’er ba atmosfera no kontinua hamosu dezastre barak ba umanidade.

Ami mós preokupa ba asuntu balu ne’ebé foti ona iha soru-mutu entre Primeiru Ministru husi nasaun rua Timor-Leste no Austrália ne’ebé sita kona ba oinsá hametin kooperasaun di’ak ba dezenvolvimentu komérsiu gás nian inklui mós intensaun atu koopera hamutuk ba utilizasaun rai ka armazena karbonu.   Ami hein katak hanoin sira ne’ebé ami deskreve ona iha leten bele reprezenta ona kondisaun real ne’ebé Timor-Leste presiza tetu uluk lai antes foti risku boot no fiar katak Governu Timor-Leste sei la aseita ho lalais ba pedidu husi Kompañia sira nian ba harii CCS no dezenvolve Barossa maibé presiza ho prudente atu sukat ba kondisaun iha aspetu barak tantu lokál no mundiál hodi la aumenta tan volume ba krize ambientál.

Nudár ezemplu iha Marsu 2020 no Abríl 2021, Timor-Leste enfrenta kalamidade boot ne’ebé hamate ema liu 40, liu 15.000 husi hela fatin no riku soin barak hetan estragu. Impaktu husi mudansa klimátika mosu beibeik ona iha ita nia realidade, hahú husi udan been la tuir nia tempu, udan boot, bailoron naruk ne’ebé halo rai maran, bee maran hodi provoka hamlaha no kiak ba populasaun.

Nune’e, ita hotu iha obrigasaun atu haree asuntu mudansa klimátika ho kle’an liu, hahú husi fatór dominante sira ne’ebé kontribui boot liu. Esforsu global atu hapara atividade produsaun iha indústria estrativa nudár solusaun justu liu atu ajuda ita nia planeta bele fila ba estabilidade no hakmatek hanesan antes.

La’o Hamutuk hanoin katak oportunidade forte no sustentável liu mak investe ba ita nian ema, investe ba indústria transformadór sira ne’ebé sempre renovavel duke haree beibeik ba iha indústria mina no gás ne’ebé la barak, la sustentável no halo fo’er ita nia atmosfera no klima global.

Atu hetan konfirmasaun no klarifikasaun ruma bele liga ba Celestino Gusmão: +67077432621

Santos proposal for CCS at Bayu-Undan is not a true or honest solution

 Press release, 1 March 2022 [liga ba blog ida ne'e iha lingua Tetum]

The Australian oil and gas company Santos, operator of the Bayu-Undan project, wants to implement a project for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the Bayu-Undan field after it is exhausted in 2023 or 2024. This means that carbon dioxide (CO2), an unwanted byproduct of natural gas production, will be stored in the ground under Timor-Leste’s waters.

Santos’ CCS project intends to use the empty Bayu-Undan reservoir to store CO2 from its Australian Barossa gas project, which will pipe unprocessed gas to the Darwin LNG plant and pipe CO2 back to Bayu-Undan. Timor-Leste will not benefit from Barossa gas – but Santos hopes that Timor-Leste will provide a place to dump emissions from its project.

Santos has a big problem, because the natural gas from Barossa has a very high CO2 content. The company is responsible for its greenhouse gas emissions, and is looking for a way to sell natural gas from a project which will significantly worsen climate change. Santos itself has promised to achieve “net zero” emissions by 2040, meaning that it needs to find a way to “cancel” its emissions by doing something like CCS.  Unfortunately, the “net zero” concept could allow the company to continue to produce dangerous emissions and undertake new oil and gas projects, even though many experts have concluded that the world cannot begin new fossil fuel projects if we are to avoid worsening climate disaster.

In June 2021, La’o Hamutuk published an article questioning the CCS plan because it undercuts the principle of climate justice and will negatively impact on Timor-Leste and the global climate. This is already a public and worldwide concern, because human activities, especially extractive industries, are changing our climate, creating a serious crisis for humanity.

The Barossa field is not yet developed, but Santos would like to begin production in 2025. However, Santos is being pressured to keep its commitment to ‘net zero’ by not increasing its greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, Santos proposed this CCS plan to enable Barossa to go ahead.  In reality, CCS technology is not yet effective enough to capture and store most emissions, and it will not capture many emissions from production, transport and use of natural gas, which is difficult to control. Estimates show that the Bayu-Undan CCS project will only reduce the emissions from Barossa gas production by 28%.  CCS is not an effective or fair solution; a better option would be not to develop new oil and gas projects, to avoid producing emissions from extraction, processing or consumption, in order to save our planet from serious risks in coming years.

In September 2021, Santos and Timor-Leste’s National Petroleum and Minerals Authority (ANPM) signed a Memorandum of Understanding to begin discussing the possibility of using Bayu-Undan to store carbon. This MOU is an initial conversation without legal force, and is not a decision to move ahead. Nevertheless, Santos is seeking approval from the Northern Territory (Australia) Environmental Protection Authority (NTEPA), even though the CCS project will be in the sovereign territory of Timor-Leste.

On 15 February 2022, La’o Hamutuk wrote a submission asking NTEPA to look at Santos’ CCS proposal holistically, and to analyze it deeply, rather than only looking at Santos’ interests.  Environmental authorities have the responsibility and the power to protect their own people, their neighbors and the entire world, and they should be cautious about adding pollution to the atmosphere which continues to create disasters for humanity.

We are also concerned about issues discussed in the meeting between the Prime Ministers of Timor-Leste and Australia, such as “to deepen links between Australia and Timor-Leste in gas development and trade, including in the use of carbon capture and storage.” We hope that the ideas we mentioned above are considered before undertaking this risk. We trust the Government of Timor-Leste will not blindly accept corporate requests to move ahead with the CCS and Barossa projects, but will carefully weigh local and global aspects so as not to contribute more to the escalating environmental crisis.

Climate change already has many impacts and is our reality. For example, in March 2020 and April 2021, Timor-Leste was hit with disastrous flooding which killed more than 40 people, displaced more than 15,000, and destroyed many households’ possessions. We already experience unpredictable wet seasons, heavy rains, droughts and floods which exacerbate hunger and poverty for our people.

Therefore, each of us is obliged to look more deeply into climate change, beginning with the dominant factors which contribute the most. Global efforts to move away from production and use of fossil fuels are the fairest solution to help bring our planet back to stability and peace.

La’o Hamutuk believes that the strongest and most sustainable option is to invest in our people, through renewable, transforming industries, rather than always looking to the oil and gas industry which is not sustainable and damages our atmosphere and the global climate.

For confirmation or clarification, please contact Celestino Gusmão: +67077432621.