06 May 2022

La’o Hamutuk husu PN atu la aprova proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu

Iha dia 4 fulan Maiu 2022, La'o Hamutuk submete karta aberta ba Komisaun C no Deputadu/a hotu iha Parlamentu Nasionál kona-ba Proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu ba Lei Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2022. Maske Governu la loke oportunidade ba sosiedade sivíl atu submete Submisaun ba proposta ne’e, ami konsidera importante atu hato’o ami nia preokupasaun ho proposta refere hodi bele ajuda Deputadu/a sira atu halo desizaun di’ak liu.

Iha loron 26 Abril, Konsellu Ministrus deside atu husu Parlamentu Nasional atu aumenta OJE 2022 promulga ona ho despeza foun ba biliaun $1,13 hodi finansia medidas balun, inklui kriasaun Fundu dos Kombatentes de Libertasaun Nasional (FCLN) ho valór $1 bilaun.

Prosesu atu diskute proposta ida ne’e ho tempu limitadu tebes tanba hafoin pedidu husi Governu atu aprova ho lalais, iha loron 29 Abril Parlamentu deside atu halo debate kona-ba proposta ida ne’e ho karákter urjénsia. Governu justifika pedidu ida ne’e ho razaun katak medidas ne’ebé propoin iha Orsamentu Retifikativu presiza kedas atu responde ba situasaun ekonómiku atuál. Rezultadu mak katak Komisaun sira sei halo audiénsia durante 3-5 Maiu, no debate iha plenária Parlamentár iha loron 9-13 fulan Maiu.

Bainhira hetan aprovasaun, OJE 2022 retifika sei sa’e liu biliaun $3,2. Montante ne'e boot liu iha istória Timor-Leste nian. Orsamentu 2022 hetan finansia ho transferénsia biliaun $2,4 husi Fundu Petrolíferu, liu dala haat Rendimentu Sustentável Estimadu. Nune’e La’o Hamutuk preokupa ho proposta ne’ebé Governu propoin hodi foti desizaun ne’ebé sei fó impaktu boot ba sustentabilidade finansas estadu, ho maneira ne’ebé ansi demais no la mai ho urjénsia klaru. 

La’o Hamutuk la haree razaun forte atu justifika pedidu urjénsia ne’ebé Parlamentu Nasionál aprova tiha ona. Maske Governu deskreve katak Orsamentu Retifikativu ida ne’e presiza atu responde ba situasaun urjente, realidade mak programa sira ne’ebé Governu propoin la’ós urjente no apoiu ba ema vulneravel hetan parte ki’ik de’it husi proposta ida ne’e. Tuir proposta ne’e, ema kiak sei hetan de’it 8% husi transferénsia foun ne’e, liu husi programa subsídiu ba kada uma kain, programa UKL+, no edukasaun hetan 1%. Maioria (89%) husi proposta ida ne’e sei fó ba Fundu dos Kombatentes de Libertasaun Nasionál. 

Se Governu haree iha duni urjénsia atu realiza programa foun husi proposta ne’e, iha dalan ne’ebé eziste ona ba Governu atu uza osan husi OJE 2022 aprovadu. Lei Enkuadramentu Orsamentál loke dalan ba Governu atu muda alokasaun balun la ho kria Orsamentu Retifikativu. Aléinde ne’e, Fundu Kontinjénsia iha OJE 2022 aprovadu hetan ona alokasaun tokon $29.5; fundu ida ne’e sufisiente atu selu ba maioria husi programa foun ne’ebé Governu propoin (Fundu FCLN de’it nudár transferénsia eskala boot ne’ebé presiza hetan transferénsia foun). 

Ami preokupa katak proposta ne’e bele hamosu tendénsia perigozu, katak prosesu OJE ne’ebé estabelese iha Lei Enkuadramentu Orsamentál bele ignora se bainhira iha motivasaun polítika. Tuir rezultadu husi eleisaun Prezidensiál liu ba, Dr. Ramos Horta sei hala’o funsaun nudár Prezidente Repúblika foun ba Timor-Leste hafoin toma pose iha 20 de Maiu 2022. Rezultadu eleisaun la bele sai razaun ba Governu atu fó presaun ba PN atu pasa lejizlasaun no hetan promulgasaun husi Prezidente Repúblika atuál, ho maneira lalais ne’ebé la iha oportunidade atu diskute ho kle’an.

Kona-ba Fundu dos Kombantentes de Libertasaun Nasionál, ami haree katak informasaun ne’ebé Governu fahe la kompletu. Ami preokupa katak Governu propoin atu kria ho lalais Fundu foun ida ne’e, la ho detallu kona-ba jestaun Fundu refere. Seidauk iha dekretu-lei ne’ebé jere Fundu ne’e, no tuir Governu nia Plano Legislativo 2022 seidauk iha planu atu kria rejime legál durante tinan ne’e. Kriasaun FCLN la'ós urjente, no ami konsidera katak mudansa ba mekanizmu atu fó apoiu ba veteranu sira no estrutura OJE no finansas estadu ba futuru di’ak liu bele diskute ho kle’an tan. Se bainhira Parlamentu hala’o debate kona ba proposta ida ne’e ho karákter urjénsia, la iha tempo sufisiente atu konsidera ho kle’an impaktu ruma ne’e. 

Bazeia ba preokupasaun sira iha leten, iha ami nia submisaun La’o Hamutuk sujere atu Parlamentu Nasionál atu la aprova proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu. Ami hein katak hafoin Parlamentu rejeita proposta Orsamentu Retifikativu, Governu no Parlamentu bele diskute no deside se Timor-Leste presiza lejizlasaun foun atu fasilita apoiu efetivu ba grupu vulneravel sira.

17 March 2022

Eleisaun Prezidensiál 2022: Eleitor Hotu iha Direitu Hanesan atu Partisipa

Hasoru eleisaun prezidensiál 19 de Marsu 2022, La’o Hamutuk esforsu atu fahe informasaun importante ba públiku liu husi ami nia webpage no mós liu husi ami nia programa radio “Radio Igualdade”. Lao Hamutuk prodús ona programa radio ida ho objetivu atu promove diskusaun substantive sira kona ba nasaun nia futuru liga ho eleisaun. Iha programa radio ne'e entrevista ho reprezentante husi grupu oin-oin, atu hatene sira nia lian no sira nia esperansa ba kandidatu prezidente foun.  Artigu blog ida ne’e, ami hakarak atu fó rezumu ba tópiku ida ne’ebé mosu iha programa radio kona ba perspetiva sira liga ho partisipasaun povu iha eleisaun presidential tinan ne'e. Programa radio kompletu bele rona online iha ne'e.

Direitu atu Partisipa iha Eleisaun Livre husi Diskriminasaun

Konstituisaun RDTL Artigu 7 hatete katak “Povu ejerse podér polítiku ho sufrájiu universál, livre, iguál, direta, sekretu.”  Artigu 21 hosi Deklarasaun Universal Direitus Umanus no Artigu 25 hosi Konvensaun Internasionál ba Direitu Sivíl no Polítika hatutan katak Estadu iha obrigasaun atu organiza eleisaun ida ne’ebé genuine (loloos).  Sidadaun hotu-hotu sein diskriminasaun iha direitu atu partisipa ho livre no ejerse sira nia direitu ba vota hodi hili sira-nia lider. Ne’e signifika katak iha prosesu eleisaun, la bele iha restrisaun diskriminatória inklui diskriminasaun bazeia ba seksu, lian, polítiku, relijiaun, no defisiénsia. 

Esforsu atu elimina diskriminasaun seidauk konsege hamosu igualdade iha nasaun laran. Ita hotu presiza tau matan nafatin ba asuntu importante ida ne’e. Ligadu ho eleisaun prezidensiál periodu 2022-2027, Lao Hamutuk hakarak fahe hanoin no esperansa maluk defisiénsia sira, husi organizasaun feto iha Timor-Leste, husi grupu alumni parlamentu foin-sa’e Timor-Leste.

Eleitor nia Lian no Esperansa      

Eleisaun Asesivel ona ka Lae ba Ema ho Defisiénsia iha Timor-Leste?

Tuir mai Sr. Joao Zito dos Santos, diretór Rae’s Hadomi Timor Oan (RHTO) reprezentante maluk defisiénsia sira iha Timor-Leste hato’o sira nia hanoin no esperansa liga ho eleisaun ba prezidente repúblika periodu 2022-2027:

Ami nia hanoin kandidatu se de’it mak povu hili importante mak sai matan, tilun, ibun ba povu kbiit laek sira no oinsá buka hatene ema hirak ne'e nia kondisaun inklui ema defisiénsia sira, atu oinsá partisipa iha desizaun sira liga inkluzaun sosiál, asesibilidade ba dezenvolvimentu nasaun nian.

Ita hotu hatene katak agora iha kandidatu hamutuk 16, númeru boot hanesan ne'e, nudár dezafiu ida ba ema defisiénsia sira, tanba liga ho buletin de votu la iha asesibilidade ba maluk defisiénsia sira, liu-liu defisiénsia matan iha Timor-Leste. Iha eleisaun tinan lima liu ba, maluk defisiénsia sira hatoos ona relatóriu no rekomendasaun sira liga ho ejijénsia no preokupasaun ema defisiénsia nian ba Komisaun Nasionál Eleisaun (CNE) no Sekretáriu Téknika Administrasaun Eleitorál (STAE) atu konsidera oinsá eleisaun tuir mai bele iha kondisaun ruma hodi prodús mós bulletin de votu ho asesibilidade ba maluk defisiénsia matan sira, atu nune’e sira bele partisipa ho didi’ak iha eleisaun. Maske ami hato’o ona ejijénsia maibé la iha resposta no mudansa ba bulletin de votu, karik eleisaun agora mós nafatin la asesivel ba ema defisiénsia matan sira. Maske na’i ulun sira ko’alia barak kona ba inkluzaun no igualdade, maibé nudár retórika de’it no la tau iha asaun no implementasaun. 

Tanba ne'e, ami defisiénsia sira kontinua sai marjinalizadu iha estadu nia matan. Tuir lei inan garante katak ema hotu iha direitu hanesan. Tuir Konstituisaun Artigu 16 hakerek klaru kona ba Universalidade no Igualdade, maibé iha pratika, lei oan sira hanesan lei ba eleisaun nian la hare didi’ak ba prinsipiu jerál ne’ebé hakerek klaru iha konstituisaun. Situasaun ne'e nudár preokupasaun boot tebes ba ema defisiénsia sira.

Partisipasaun no Direitu Feto

Husi perspetiva jéneru, Diretóra Fokupers Sra. Maria Fatima Pereira Guterres (mana Fati) hato’o mós preokupasaun ida katak, prosesu eleisaun ladún sensivel no responsive ba asuntu jéneru ho mós inkluzaun nee rasik:

Ami preokupa tanba dala ruma situasaun emerjénsia mosu hanesan kazu violénsia sira ita la espera maibé sempre akontese no vítima sira tenke hetan protesaun husi uma mahon sira. Ligadu ho sistema eleisaun nian, ami hare la sensivel no responsive hodi fasilita vítima sira ba vota. Tuir regulamentu formal katak, ema hotu ba vota tenke iha kartaun eleitorál ka dokumentu ofisiál ruma, no vítima barak ho kazu violénsia bazeia ba jéneru halai sai husi uma la hodi dokumentu hirak nee, no la iha sistema di’ak atu fasilita, entaun sira lakon direitu ba vota.

Diretóra haktuir katak, hala’o ona esforsu barak maibé seidauk iha mudansa hodi fasilita vítima no maluk kbiit laek sira iha eleisaun.

Perspetiva husi Joven

Tuir joven feto Celina Soares Franklin nudár membru ba organizasaun alumni parlamentu foin-sa’e Timor-Leste:

Kampaña eleisaun prezidensiál tinan ne'e kompetitivu tebes tanba iha kandidatu feto na’in 4 husi kandidatu na’in 16 ne’ebé kompete iha eleisaun periodu tinan ne’e. Ho kandidatu feto sira, hatudu katak iha mudansa pozitivu liga ho luta ba igualdade jéneru nian no garantia katak feto partisipa ativu iha vida polítika, ekonomia, sosiál no kulturál.

Espera katak kampaña tinan nee lider sira labele insultu malu, maibé tenke hato’o sira nia programa no estratéjia sira ba dezenvolvimentu nasaun nian, oinsá ema hotu tenke kria situasaun amigavel no hakmatek hodi hametin pas no estabilidade. Nudár joven no estudante, husu ba kandidatu se-se de’it mak sei eleitu ba Prezidente Repúblika, tenke ejerse ita boot sira nia knaar tuir konstituisaun RDTL, halo ligasaun, diálogu no komunikasaun di’ak ho órgaun soberania sira seluk atu garantia moris hakmatek, justu no pás.

Konkluzaun

Povu Timor-Leste bele orgullu katak durante periodu independénsia, Timor-Leste konsege realiza ona eleisaun ne’ebé demokrátiku, dame, no livre husi violénsia.  Kometimentu povu ba prinsipiu demokrátiku no pas sai forte nafatin. Maske nune’e ita presiza halo nafatin esforsu atu asegura katak ema hotu bele realiza sira nia direitu demokrátiku livre husi diskriminasaun. 

Hanesan ho eleisaun uluk, staff La’o Hamutuk sei partisipa iha eleisaun, no hola parte mós nudár observadór. Knaar observadór mak atu monitoriza prosesu eleisaun, atu identifika forsa no frakeza sira iha prosesu, inklui identifika dezafiu ne’ebé eleitor defisiénsia no eleitor feto sira hasoru. Ami sei fornese rezultadu husi ami nia monitorizasaun ba autoridade relevante hodi bele kontinua nafatin hadi’ak, hametin prosesu demokrátiku iha Timor-Leste. Mai ita hotu suporta malu atu realiza eleisaun demokrátiku ho inkluzivu liu!  Viva povu Timor-Leste!

02 March 2022

Proposta Santos nian ba harii CCS iha Bayu-Undan La’ós Solusaun Loos no La Onestu

 Komunikadu Imprensa, 1 Marsu 2022 [link to English version

Empreza petróleu no gás Australianu Santos, operadór iha kampu Bayu-Undan, daudaun ne’e hakarak atu realiza projetu Kaptura no rai Karbonu (Carbon Capture and Storage – CCS) iha fatin kampu Bayu-Undan bainhira hotu iha 2023 ka 2024. Ne’e signifika katak gás karbonu dioxida ne’ebé sai ona hanesan emisaun ka lixu husi produsaun gás naturál sei hatama ka rai iha tasi okos iha tasi Timor-Leste nian.

Projetu CCS Santos nia intensaun loloos atu uza fatin mamuk Bayu-Undan nian ba rai karbonu dioxida husi projetu gás Barossa iha territóriu Austrália nian, ida ne’ebé sei lori gás ba Planta Darwin LNG no rai fali karbonu iha Kampu Bayu-Undan. La iha benefísiu ida mai Timor-Leste husi gás Barossa - maibé Santos hein Timor-Leste bele fornese fatin atu rai hela emisaun husi sira nia projetu.

Kompañia Santos hasoru hela problema boot ida, tanba gás naturál husi Kampu Barossa, sei emite montante karbonu ne'ebé aas tebes. Gás naturál iha Kampu Barossa kahur ho nivel karbonu aas liu. Kompañia ne’e bele hasoru susar atu evita husi sira nia responsabilidade ba mundu ba emisaun ne’ebé sira sei prodús no susar mós ba sira atu buka dalan ba fa’an gás naturál ne’ebé rezulta husi projetu ho kontribuisaun maka’as ba mudansa klimátika. Santos rasik halo ona promesa atu atinje “emisaun net zero” iha tinan 2040, signifika katak sira presiza buka meius atu “kansela” sira nia emisaun liu husi hala’o atividade hanesan CCS. Infelizmente, konseitu “emisaun net zero” signifika katak kompañia sira bele kontinua nafatin atu kria emisaun perigozu no hahú projetu mina no gás foun, maske peritu barak agora konklui katak mundu labele loke projetu mina no gás ida tan se ita hakarak proteje klima.

Jullu 2021, La’o Hamutuk publika artigu ida hodi kestiona planu atu harii CCS tanba konsidera kontra prinsipiu justisa klimátika no bele fó impaktu negativu boot ba Timor-Leste no klima global. Sai tiha ona preokupasaun públiku no global kona-ba impaktu husi atividade ema nian liu-liu husi atividade indústria estrativa ba mudansa klimátika ne’ebé husik hela krize grave klimátika kontra umanidade.

Barossa mak Kampu ne’ebé seidauk dezenvolve no tuir planu atu hahú produsaun iha tinan 2025. Maibé Santos hetan presaun kona-ba kometimentu ba Net Zero no aumenta emisaun ba atmosfera, tanba ne’e Santos introdús planu CCS atu permite produsaun Barossa bele la’o. Realidade katak teknolojia CCS seidauk forte atu garante ka bele konsege duni kaptura no rai hela emisaun tomak, no la bele kaptura emisaun husi kada aspetu produsaun no transportasaun gás too nia utilizasaun ne’ebé susar atu kontrola. Tuir kalkulasaun, projetu Kaptura no Rai Hela Karbonu iha Bayu-Undan bele konsege hamenus 28% husi emisaun total husi produsaun gás Barossa.   CCS la’ós solusaun efetivu ka justu, solusaun efetivu no justu liu mak la prodús projetu petrolíferu no gás foun hodi prevene prodús emisaun husi kampu no husi konsumidór sira hodi salva ita nia planeta husi risku grave liu ba tinan hira tuir mai.

Setembru 2021, Santos ho Autoridade Nasional Petróleu no Minerál-ANPM asina nota entendimentu ida atu hahú diskute posibilidade atu uza kampu Bayu-Undan ba rai hela karbonu. Nota entendimentu ida ne’e nudár konversa inisiál ida ne’ebé seidauk iha forsa legál ka desizaun atu avansa projetu CCS. Infelizmente Santos dadaun ne’e iha hela esforsu nia laran atu hasai sira nia difikuldade tomak kona ba issue ambientál ba projetu refere liu husi Northern Territory atu fornese lisensiamentu ambientál ba sira hodi uza kampu Bayu-Undan ne’ebé tama iha territóriu Soberanu Timor-Leste nian, ida ne’e reflete iha proposta Santos nian ba iha Autoridade Protesaun Ambientál Northern Territóriu (Austrália) - NTEPA Austrália nian.

15 Fevreiru 2022, La’o Hamutuk hakerek submisaun ida ne’ebé husu ba NTEPA atu haree proposta CCS husi Santos ho holístiku, liu husi analiza ne’ebé kle’an liu duke fiar de’it ba proposta haktuir ba interese husi Santos.   Autoridade ambientál sira ho podér no kompeténsia atu proteje povu sira, viziñu no mundu tomak husi kuidadu ba aumenta fo’er ba atmosfera no kontinua hamosu dezastre barak ba umanidade.

Ami mós preokupa ba asuntu balu ne’ebé foti ona iha soru-mutu entre Primeiru Ministru husi nasaun rua Timor-Leste no Austrália ne’ebé sita kona ba oinsá hametin kooperasaun di’ak ba dezenvolvimentu komérsiu gás nian inklui mós intensaun atu koopera hamutuk ba utilizasaun rai ka armazena karbonu.   Ami hein katak hanoin sira ne’ebé ami deskreve ona iha leten bele reprezenta ona kondisaun real ne’ebé Timor-Leste presiza tetu uluk lai antes foti risku boot no fiar katak Governu Timor-Leste sei la aseita ho lalais ba pedidu husi Kompañia sira nian ba harii CCS no dezenvolve Barossa maibé presiza ho prudente atu sukat ba kondisaun iha aspetu barak tantu lokál no mundiál hodi la aumenta tan volume ba krize ambientál.

Nudár ezemplu iha Marsu 2020 no Abríl 2021, Timor-Leste enfrenta kalamidade boot ne’ebé hamate ema liu 40, liu 15.000 husi hela fatin no riku soin barak hetan estragu. Impaktu husi mudansa klimátika mosu beibeik ona iha ita nia realidade, hahú husi udan been la tuir nia tempu, udan boot, bailoron naruk ne’ebé halo rai maran, bee maran hodi provoka hamlaha no kiak ba populasaun.

Nune’e, ita hotu iha obrigasaun atu haree asuntu mudansa klimátika ho kle’an liu, hahú husi fatór dominante sira ne’ebé kontribui boot liu. Esforsu global atu hapara atividade produsaun iha indústria estrativa nudár solusaun justu liu atu ajuda ita nia planeta bele fila ba estabilidade no hakmatek hanesan antes.

La’o Hamutuk hanoin katak oportunidade forte no sustentável liu mak investe ba ita nian ema, investe ba indústria transformadór sira ne’ebé sempre renovavel duke haree beibeik ba iha indústria mina no gás ne’ebé la barak, la sustentável no halo fo’er ita nia atmosfera no klima global.

Atu hetan konfirmasaun no klarifikasaun ruma bele liga ba Celestino Gusmão: +67077432621

Santos proposal for CCS at Bayu-Undan is not a true or honest solution

 Press release, 1 March 2022 [liga ba blog ida ne'e iha lingua Tetum]

The Australian oil and gas company Santos, operator of the Bayu-Undan project, wants to implement a project for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the Bayu-Undan field after it is exhausted in 2023 or 2024. This means that carbon dioxide (CO2), an unwanted byproduct of natural gas production, will be stored in the ground under Timor-Leste’s waters.

Santos’ CCS project intends to use the empty Bayu-Undan reservoir to store CO2 from its Australian Barossa gas project, which will pipe unprocessed gas to the Darwin LNG plant and pipe CO2 back to Bayu-Undan. Timor-Leste will not benefit from Barossa gas – but Santos hopes that Timor-Leste will provide a place to dump emissions from its project.

Santos has a big problem, because the natural gas from Barossa has a very high CO2 content. The company is responsible for its greenhouse gas emissions, and is looking for a way to sell natural gas from a project which will significantly worsen climate change. Santos itself has promised to achieve “net zero” emissions by 2040, meaning that it needs to find a way to “cancel” its emissions by doing something like CCS.  Unfortunately, the “net zero” concept could allow the company to continue to produce dangerous emissions and undertake new oil and gas projects, even though many experts have concluded that the world cannot begin new fossil fuel projects if we are to avoid worsening climate disaster.

In June 2021, La’o Hamutuk published an article questioning the CCS plan because it undercuts the principle of climate justice and will negatively impact on Timor-Leste and the global climate. This is already a public and worldwide concern, because human activities, especially extractive industries, are changing our climate, creating a serious crisis for humanity.

The Barossa field is not yet developed, but Santos would like to begin production in 2025. However, Santos is being pressured to keep its commitment to ‘net zero’ by not increasing its greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, Santos proposed this CCS plan to enable Barossa to go ahead.  In reality, CCS technology is not yet effective enough to capture and store most emissions, and it will not capture many emissions from production, transport and use of natural gas, which is difficult to control. Estimates show that the Bayu-Undan CCS project will only reduce the emissions from Barossa gas production by 28%.  CCS is not an effective or fair solution; a better option would be not to develop new oil and gas projects, to avoid producing emissions from extraction, processing or consumption, in order to save our planet from serious risks in coming years.

In September 2021, Santos and Timor-Leste’s National Petroleum and Minerals Authority (ANPM) signed a Memorandum of Understanding to begin discussing the possibility of using Bayu-Undan to store carbon. This MOU is an initial conversation without legal force, and is not a decision to move ahead. Nevertheless, Santos is seeking approval from the Northern Territory (Australia) Environmental Protection Authority (NTEPA), even though the CCS project will be in the sovereign territory of Timor-Leste.

On 15 February 2022, La’o Hamutuk wrote a submission asking NTEPA to look at Santos’ CCS proposal holistically, and to analyze it deeply, rather than only looking at Santos’ interests.  Environmental authorities have the responsibility and the power to protect their own people, their neighbors and the entire world, and they should be cautious about adding pollution to the atmosphere which continues to create disasters for humanity.

We are also concerned about issues discussed in the meeting between the Prime Ministers of Timor-Leste and Australia, such as “to deepen links between Australia and Timor-Leste in gas development and trade, including in the use of carbon capture and storage.” We hope that the ideas we mentioned above are considered before undertaking this risk. We trust the Government of Timor-Leste will not blindly accept corporate requests to move ahead with the CCS and Barossa projects, but will carefully weigh local and global aspects so as not to contribute more to the escalating environmental crisis.

Climate change already has many impacts and is our reality. For example, in March 2020 and April 2021, Timor-Leste was hit with disastrous flooding which killed more than 40 people, displaced more than 15,000, and destroyed many households’ possessions. We already experience unpredictable wet seasons, heavy rains, droughts and floods which exacerbate hunger and poverty for our people.

Therefore, each of us is obliged to look more deeply into climate change, beginning with the dominant factors which contribute the most. Global efforts to move away from production and use of fossil fuels are the fairest solution to help bring our planet back to stability and peace.

La’o Hamutuk believes that the strongest and most sustainable option is to invest in our people, through renewable, transforming industries, rather than always looking to the oil and gas industry which is not sustainable and damages our atmosphere and the global climate.

For confirmation or clarification, please contact Celestino Gusmão: +67077432621.

19 November 2021

Observasaun husi La’o Hamutuk kona-ba proposta Orsamentu Estadu ba 2022

 Link to this blog in English 

Nudár obrigasaun konstitusional, kada tinan Governu submete ba Parlamentu Nasional Orsamentu Jerál Estadu (OJE) atu diskute, halo mudansa no aprova. Loron 15 Outubru Governu aprezenta Proposta OJE tinan 2022 ba Parlamentu, agora daudaun Parlamentu iha hela audiénsia hodi rona perspetiva oin-oin husi instituisaun ka konvida organizasaun sira. La’o Hamutuk hetan konvite husi Komisaun C no oferese testemuña no submisaun iha loron 15 Novembru atu ajuda informasaun antes tama iha faze debate iha plenária. 

Ita bele hetan informasaun tan kona-ba prosesu no konteúdu OJE iha ne'e. Tuir mai, rezumu no informasaun husi submisaun ne’ebé La’o Hamutuk hakerek ba Parlamentu: 

Membru Parlamentu no públiku presiza informasaun loloos no kompletu antes foti desizaun, desizaun sira ne’ebé mai husi baze faktu no evidénsia forte mak sei hamenus posibilidade ba sala no deside futuru Timor-Leste iha diresaun ne’ebé loos. Nudár ezemplu forte mak presiza informasaun kompletu husi Ministériu Finansas no TimorGAP kona-ba revalorizasaun investimentu husi Fundu Petrolíferu iha Greater Sunrise husi tokon $700 ba zero. 

Projesaun ba futuru presiza halo ho sériu, kona-ba despeza rekorrente, despeza husi Fundu Infrastrutura no reseita petróleu. La’o Hamutuk nota katak iha Livru 4, despeza rekorrente kontinua sa’e 4% anuál iha kada liña, no despeza liu FI la muda husi 2022 ba 2026. Laiha informasaun kona-ba reseita petrolíferu hafoin 2023. La’o Hamutuk haree númeru sira ne’e la ho baze planeamentu ida sériu, no husu atu PN diskute kle’an ho Governu hodi hatene klaru kada programa no projetu sira ho kustu tomak no nian projesaun sira. 

OJE fó projesaun despeza la sustentável ba tinan tuir mai. Governu halo planu despeza la tuir situasaun finanseiru Timor-Leste nian, preve projesaun boot liu iha momentu ne’ebé produsaun mina no gas atu remata, fundu petrolíferu ameasa atu hotu no kapasidade ekonomia doméstiku seidauk forte atu sustenta nesesidade Estadu no Povu nian. Nune’e, ami sujere atu PN diskute kle’an ho Governu atu konsidera ita nian situasaun finanseiru no ekonómiku antes deside diresaun dezenvolvimentu ba futuru. Timor-Leste nian rezerva mina no gas kuaze konverte ona ba osan, ne’ebé agora investe hela iha merkadu finanseiru internasionál ne’ebé ninian flutuasaun ita labele kontrola, husi Fundu Petrolíferu uitoan ne’ebé ita iha, sei mohu leet de’it kuandu ita la uza ho matenek hodi ajuda harii rekursu umanu ida ne’ebé forte no harii setór produtivu ne’ebé sustentável iha rai laran. Nudár ezemplu, maske Governu atuál deklara atu halo avaliasaun ba planu harii Projetu Tasi Mane ho nian komponente sira, too agora ami seidauk haree prosesu avaliasaun maibé kontinua aloka osan hanesan tokon $1.5 iha 2022 no tokon $747 ba tinan 4 tuir mai, inklui alokasaun atu dezloka komunidade sira husi fatin ne'ebé karik nunka hetan projetu foun. 

Presiza informasaun kompletu kona ba impaktu husi empréstimu. Too agora Governu Timor-Leste halo ona empréstimu total liu tokon $500, husi empréstimu ida ne’e presiza iha liu tan informasaun kona-ba planu klaru ba desimbolsu no planu atu halo tan diskusaun ba empréstimu foun. Proposta OGE 2022 introdús bareira ba empréstimu foun mak tokon $410. Ami sujere ba Parlamentu Nasional atu diskute kle’an kona-ba implikasaun husi empréstimu ne’e ba tempu naruk Timor-Leste nian. 

Sistema orsamentu 'Bazeia ba Programa' seidauk la’o tuir objetivu no subar informasaun esensiál. La’o Hamutuk hanoin orsamentasaun bazeia ba programa di’ak atu hametin sistema orsamentál, maibé bainhira entidade sira aloka atividade oin-oin ba kategoria programa sira la tuir realidade, ka laiha konsisténsia, bele hamenus transparénsia no falta atu lori benefísiu ba prosesu orsamentál. Nune’e ami sujere ba Parlamentu Nasional atu diskute kle’an ho Governu hodi hadi'ak liu tan sistema orsamentasaun ne’ebé promove liu tan transparénsia no akontabilidade, no atu fornese informasaun kona-ba alokasaun ba kada órgaun no diresaun estadu nian. 

Tenke investe liu iha rekursu umanu, hanesan edukasaun, saúde, bee no agrikultura. Ami nota diferensa boot entre narrativa Governu nian sobre prioridade ba setór sosiál no ekonómiku no alokasaun sira, tanba iha proposta OGE 2022 Governu aloka de’it 17% husi total ba funsaun importante haat ne’e. Ami enkoraja atu Deputadu/a sira diskute no hamutuk deside diresaun orsamentál ne’ebé bazeia ba realidade atuál no ajuda duni povu ne’ebé merese liu atu hetan tulun. 

Labele fó subsídiu ba funsionáriu públiku bainhira komunidade rurais barak enfrenta hamlaha. Ami nota katak planu oferese subsídiu tokon $25 ba funsionáriu iha kontradisaun ho objetivu ne’ebé Governu define atu alkansa seguransa ai-han, hadi’ak nutrisaun no promove agrikultura sustentável. Ami sujere atu Governu bele organiza ho idea estratéjiku liu hodi oferese apoiu ba agrikultór sira duke funsionáriu públiku ne’ebé simu ona saláriu kada fulan. 

Ami hare erru no informasaun sala barak iha dokumentu OJE nian, no husu Governu atu fó informasaun loos no PN atu konfirma dadus sira iha livru OGE 2022.  Nudár ezemplu, Tabela 12 iha livru 1 hatete katak tokon $40.2 sei aloka ba EDTL, E.P. iha 2022, maibé alokasaun loos ho montante tokon $90. Aleinde ne’e, tokon $0.4 ba BTL, E.P., maibé realidade hamutuk tokon $17.  Total husi tabela 12 mak sorin balu husi alokasaun loos.  Bele haree tan ezemplu sira seluk iha ami nian submisaun. 

La’o Hamutuk fó rekomendasaun espesífiku ualu ba Parlamentu no Governu, ne'ebé bele hare iha submisaun.

La’o Hamutuk observations on the proposed 2022 State Budget

 Liga ba artigu ida ne'e iha Tetum

Every year, in accordance with constitutional requirements, the Government proposes the annual General State Budget to National Parliament for discussion, revision and approval. On 15 October, Government presented its proposal for 2022, and Parliament is currently holding hearings to hear various perspectives. La’o Hamutuk was invited by Committee C (Public Finances) to testify on 15 November and make a written submission (Tetum). Follow this link for more documents and analysis on the 2022 state budget. The following are some of the main points in La’o Hamutuk’s submission: 

Members of Parliament and the public need accurate and complete information before making decisions, which should be based on strong facts and evidence to reduce the chance of error and to move Timor-Leste in the right direction for the future.  For example, we need complete information from the Ministry of Finance and TimorGAP about the revaluation of the Petroleum Fund’s investment in Greater Sunrise from $700 million to zero.

Future projections should be done seriously, about recurrent spending, spending from the Infrastructure Fund and petroleum revenues. La’o Hamutuk notes that in Book 4, recurrent spending increases 4% on every line, and Infrastructure Fund spending is unchanged from 2022 to 2026. No information is provided about petroleum revenue forecasts after 2023. La’o Hamutuk believes that these numbers are not based on serious planning, and we ask Parliament to have in-depth discussions with Government to clearly understand the total costs and projections for each program and project.

The budget proposal includes unsustainable projections for future years. Government’s spending plans are not based on Timor-Leste’s financial situation, and expect major increases at the moment when oil and gas production will end, the Petroleum Fund will empty soon, and our domestic economy is not yet strong enough to support the needs of the State and the People. Therefore, we suggest that Parliament urge Government to consider our financial and economic situation before deciding the direction for future development. Timor-Leste oil and gas reserves have already been almost entirely converted to cash, which is invested in international financial markets whose fluctuations are beyond our control. The finite amount in our Petroleum Fund will be quickly exhausted if we don’t use it wisely to support building strong human resources and sustainable productive sectors.

For example, although the current Government has stated that it will re-evaluate the plan to build the Tasi Mane Project and its components, we have not yet seen the evaluation process but continue to allocate money: $1.5 million in 2022 and $747 million in the following four years, including allocations to displace community people from areas where the project may never be built.

We need more complete information about the impacts of borrowing. To date, Government has borrowed more than $500 million, and there should be more specifics about disbursement and plans for additional borrowing, which the proposed budget limits to $410 million in 2022. We suggest that Parliament explore the long-term implications of these loans for Timor-Leste.

The “program-based budgeting” system doesn’t meet its goals and hides essential information. La’o Hamutuk agrees that a budget base on programs is good to strengthen the budgeting system, but when entities’ allocations of their activities to programs doesn’t match reality, or is inconsistent, it reduces transparency and fails to improve the budget process. Therefore, we suggest that Parliament ask Government to improve the budgeting system to promote transparency and accountability, and to provide information about allocations to each state organ and directorate.

Timor-Leste should invest more in human resources, such as education, health, water and agriculture. We see a big difference between the Government’s talk about prioritizing social and economic sectors and the budget allocations – the proposed 2022 budget appropriates only 17% for these four important areas. We encourage the Members of Parliament to discuss this, and together to decide a budget direction based on current realities, to truly help those people most in need of support.

We should not subsidize civil servants while many rural communities confront hunger. We note that the plan to offer a $25 million food subsidy for government employees contradicts the Government’s stated goals of achieving food security, improving nutrition and promoting sustainable agriculture. We suggest that Government could find more strategic ways to support farmers themselves, rather than public servants who already get monthly salaries.

We noticed many errors in the budget documents, and ask Government to give accurate information, and ask Parliament to confirm data in the budget books. For example, Table 12 in Book 1 says that $40.2 million will be allocated to EDTL, E.P. in 2022, but the real amount is $90 million. The table says $0.4 million will go to BTL, E.P., but the reality is $17 million. The total in Table 12 is about half of the actual allocation. Our submission gives many other examples.

La’o Hamutuk offered eight specific recommendations to Parliament and Government, which you can read in our submission.

15 September 2021

Onshore oil drilling imminent despite serious concerns

In 2017, Timor-Leste's National Petroleum and Minerals Authority (ANPM) awarded two contracts for oil and gas exploration in Covalima, Ainaro and Manufahi municipalities to a partnership of Timor Resources and TimorGAP.  More information is on La’o Hamutuk’s website.

As the same time, the government proceeded with consultation on a law to regulate onshore petroleum operations, culminating in the enactment of Decree-Law 18/2020 in May 2020.

Although seismic exploration was conducted beginning in 2018, environmental assessment for drilling test wells began only in 2019, and the process was delayed due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Environmental documents are in La'o Hamutuk's environmental registry, including several rounds of revisions. 

Timor Resources intends to drill five test wells in Block A, Covalima. The ANPM granted an environmental license in July 2021, and drilling will start in late September.

ANPM recently held public consultations on the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) for the Rusa-1 test well in block C, in Ainaro near Manufahi. La'o Hamutuk wrote a seven-page submission, which made the following points:

  • This consultation was too rushed to allow thorough analysis of 800 pages of documents.
  • Neither the environmental consultant (Groene Ciorcal), the project proponents (Timor Resources and TimorGAP), nor the regulators (ANPM) have any experience with oil drilling on land, so special caution must be taken.
  • This assessment only considers the impacts of the test well, but if it finds significant oil, production will follow, with much greater environmental and community impacts. The assessment and consultation should consider the entire project cycle, as it make no sense to drill a test well if the production wells will not be permitted.
  • The EIS mentions the need to address climate change, but does not consider it seriously.
  • Many environmental and social impacts are not analyzed objectively or completely.
  • Plans for decommissioning and site restoration plans ignore important issues.
  • The EIS contains misleading and exaggerated claims of economic benefits.
  • Public consultations have not given communities complete and accurate information, or encouraged them to ask questions or raise concerns without intimidation or threats. Affected stakeholders should have the right to consent (or refuse consent) to drilling in their midst, and project proponents should treat the local community with respect.
  • ANPM, TimorGAP and Timor Resources have several conflicts of interest which make it difficult for this environmental licensing process to protect Timor-Leste. It should have been conducted by the environmental authority under the State Secretariat for Environment.