21 August 2019

Konvite ba Konferénsia Solidaridade no Espozisaun Fronteira Maritima

Konvite ba públiku, kona-ba Konferénsia Solidariedade no Espozisaun kona-ba Fronteira Maritima

English translation below
Loron 30 Agostu 2019, mak marka kompletamente tinan 20 Konsulta Popular, ida ne’ebé Povu Timor-Leste barani hasai obrigatóriu Indonézia nia militár husi Timor liu husi votasaun. Ikus mai Timor-Leste atinje ukun rasik an hafoin luta naruk no sofrementu oin-oin.

Grupu sosiedade sivíl no Movimentu Kontra Okupasaun Tasi Timor-MKOTT sei komemora konsulta popular no selebra vitória luta ba Fronteira Maritima.

Sei realiza Konferénsia Solidariedade iha dia 28 no marxa iha dia 29, ne’ebé sei diskute asuntu esensiál sira relasaun ho auto determinasaun no justisa sosiál (video).

MKOTT mós sei realiza espozisaun ida hodi selebra ba vitória no refleta fali luta naruk ne’ebé Povu Timor-Leste liu hodi buka Fronteira Maritima entre Australia no Timor-Leste. Ami enkoraja atu ema hotu bele mai partisipa iha Konferénsia no bele mai vizita espozisaun MKOTT nian iha Asosiasaun HAK, Farol, Dili.

MKOTT mós fa’an faru ne’ebé hakerek Solidariedade ba belun di’ak Bernard Collaery no Witness K, ita-boot sira bele sosa ho $20, nudár kontribuisaun ba MKOTT hodi selu ba nesesidade sira espozisaun nian no servisu sira seluk ne’ebé MKOTT presiza halo tan.

Obrigadu barak. Bele liga ba; Celestino Gusmão: 77432621


Invitation to the public to Solidarity Conference and Exhibition about Maritime Boundaries


30 August 2019 marks the 20th anniversary of the Popular Consultation (referendum), in which the people of Timor-Leste bravely voted to force the Indonesian military occupation to leave. At last, Timor-Leste achieved independence after a long struggle and much suffering.

Civil Society groups and the Movement Against the Occupation of the Timor Sea (MKOTT) will commemorate the Popular Consultation and celebrate the victory in the struggle for a maritime boundary.

There will be a Solidarity Conference on 28 August and a march on 29 August, with discussion of essential issues related to self-determination and social justice.

MKOTT is also holding an exhibition to celebrate the victory and reflect on the long struggle through which the people of Timor-Leste achieved a maritime boundary between Australia and Timor-Leste. We encourage everyone to participate in the conference and to visit MKOTT's exhibition at the HAK Association in Farol, Dili.

MKOTT is also selling T-shirts to express solidarity with our good friends Bernard Collaery and Witness K. You can buy them for $20, as a contribution to MKOTT which will help pay for the exposition and other work.

Thank you very much.




31 January 2019

Informasaun sala no faktu sira kona-ba projetu Greater Sunrise

Iha fin Setembru 2018, Timor-Leste no ConocoPhillips fó sai katak kompañia ConocoPhillips sei fa’an nia partisipasaun 30% iha Konsórsiu Greater Sunrise nian ba Timor-Leste ho tokon $350. Hafoin fulan ida tuirmai, Shell konkorda atu fa’an ninia partisipasaun 26.56% ho tokon $300 tan. Timor-Leste debate hela lei no orsamentu hodi bele implementa ba tranzasaun sira ne’e.

Tanba akontesimentu sira ne’e, hamosu diskusaun ho artigu oin-oin ne’ebé hakerek husi jornalista sira, ukun na’in no matenek na’in sira. Infelizmente komentáriu barak la fó kontextu loloos no inklui informasaun ne’ebé laloos. La’o Hamutuk publika lista ne’e iha kraik kona-ba kompriensaun públiku sira ne’ebé sala ho faktu sira ne’ebé relevante, hodi ajuda públiku atu komprende di’ak liután asuntu ida ne’e. Ami espera katak artigu ne’e sei hadi’ak liu kualidade no halo loos iha reportajen oin mai.

Hodi hetan informasaun tan iha Inglés, ne’ebé atualizadu regulármente, kona-ba projetu Sunrise no Timor-Leste nia partisipasaun, haree iha http://www.laohamutuk.org/Oil/Sunrise/18SunriseBuyout.htm. Blog ida ne'e atualiza iha loron 8 Marsu 2019.

Kompriensaun sala Faktu loloos
Timor-Leste sei sosa partisipasaun (ka stock / ekidade / ações / asaun / saham) iha ConocoPhillips no Shell. Kompañia sira ne’e konkorda ona atu fa’an sira nia parte iha Konsórsiu Sunrise nian ba Timor-Leste. Modelu negósiu hanesan ne’e la’ós sai buat ne’ebé foun iha indústria petróleu nian. Maibé, atu hola parte iha konsórsiu la hanesan bainhira ita sosa kompañia ida nia partisipasaun ka stock ne’ebé fasil atu fa’an fila fali lahó obrigasaun tan. Partisipante sira iha konsórsiu hanesan ne’e iha kompromisu ona atu investe dolar biliaun balun tan no mós fahe responsabilidade hodi jere projetu. Bainhira troka na’in husi konsórsiu ne’e, tenke hetan aprovasaun husi partisipante sira seluk.

Iha mundu tomak poténsia ba projetu petróleu barak mak iha lukru aas liu duké Greater Sunrise. Nune’e, posibilidade boot katak kompañia lejítimu sira ho esperiénsia sei la iha interese iha Sunrise bainhira sira la hetan benefísiu espesiál.
Negósiu sira ne’e hatudu katak kompañia boot sira tau fiar ba Timor-Leste nia kapasidade hodi kaer projetu Sunrise. Shell no ConocoPhillips sei la envolve tan iha projetu Sunrise. Sira kontente hodi simu Timor-Leste nia osan bainhira sira husik projetu ne’ebé sei la dezenvolve tuir dalan ne’ebé sira fiar bele hetan lukru boot liu.
Pipa husi Sunrise to’o Beaçu ne’e teknikamente la posivel. Maski karik ne’e loos iha tinan 15 liubá, ohin-loron ema hotu konkorda katak bele dada pipa gas hakat liu iha tasi okos Timor Trench (trinxeira), parte tasi nian ne’ebé kle’an no naruk tebes entre Sunrise no Beaçu.

Maibé, ida ne’e sei karun liu no iha risku boot liu duké modelu dezenvolvimentu sira seluk.
La presiza halo análize ka komparasaun ba opsaun alternativu hodi dezenvolve Sunrise. La’o Hamutuk fiar katak dezenvolvimentu sira ba oin presiza maximiza benefísiu ba povu Timor-Leste, no iha tempu hanesan presiza minimiza kustu no risku. Opsaun hotu ne’ebé iha posibilidade presiza haree didi’ak husi peritu independente sira, hodi nune’e bele foti desizaun ne’ebé bazeia ba ekonomia husi projetu. Proponente sira ne’ebé hakarak dada pipa ba Beaçu seidauk fó sai ba públiku (ka seidauk halo) komparasaun atuál ho opsaun sira seluk, ezemplu hanesan dada pipa ba planta LNG Darwin ne’ebé eziste hela ka planta LNG namlele, no ita la hatene publikasaun hanesan ne’e iha ona ka lae.
Timor-Leste nia investimentu tomak iha projetu ida ne’e mak tokon $650. Partisipante sira iha konsórsiu iha responsabilidade atu selu sira nia parte husi kustu kapitál no kustu operasaun ba projetu ne’e, atu simu fila fali parte husi nia lukru. Ida ne’e iha adisionál ba tokon $650 hodi sosa partisipasaun 56.56%, Timor-Leste sei presiza atu investe tan biliaun $10 resin hodi fasilita produsaun ba mina no gas husi Sunrise.
Presiza muda lei hodi negósiu fa’an-sosa sira ne’e bele la’o ba oin. Sosa partisipasaun iha Sunrise bele la’o ho lei ne’ebé en vigor, nune’e la presiza halo alterasaun ba Lei Atividade Petrolíferu no. 13/2005.
Prezidente veta partisipasaun iha projetu Sunrise. Prezidente la veta ba partisipasaun iha konsórsiu ne’e, tanba lejizlasaun ne’ebé aprezenta ba nia la inklui partisipasaun ne’e. Nia veta lei ida ne’ebé atu altera Lei Atividade Petrolíferu 13/2005, alterasaun ida ne’e fó dalan ba investimentu TimorGap nian atu mai diretamente husi Fundu Petrolíferu. Parte ida ne’e kontradís ho Lei Fundu Petrolíferu 9/2005 (ne’ebé altera tiha ona iha 2011). Maske nune’e, hafoin Parlamentu ultrapasa veto ne’e, Prezidente promulga sai Lei 1/2019, no lei ida ne’e agora daudaun sei pendente hela iha tribunál.

Seidauk iha proposta lejizlasaun atu finansia dolar biliaun balun ba investimentu ne’ebé projetu Sunrise sei presiza.
Timor-Leste presiza altera Lei Atividade Petrolíferu hodi nia bele sai na’in ho partisipasaun liu 20% iha projetu petrolíferu. TimorGAP (kompañia públiku Timor-Leste nian) sai ona na’in ba partisipasaun 50% iha Kontratu rua Fahe Produsaun (KFP/PSC) iha rai maran, 100% iha PSC S0-15-01 iha tasi, no 24% iha PSC JPDA 11-106 iha tasi. Lei ne’ebé eziste daudaun la prevene Timor-Leste atu sai na’in ba 30% ka liu iha Sunrise, tanba limita 20% la aplika ba sosa partisipasaun.
Presiza dois tersu (deputadu/a na’in 44) ka maioria simples (deputadu/a na’in 33) husi Parlamentu hodi revoga Prezidente nia veta. Ita bele debate tópiku ida ne’e; Konstituisaun la klaru tanba asuntu prinsipál sira, inklui Orsamentu Estadu 2019, presiza 2/3 husi deputadu/a sira ne’ebé marka prezensa, maibé asuntu sira seluk presiza de’it maioria absoluta husi Parlamentu.

Iha loron 10 fulan Janeiru, Membru Parlamentu na’in 41 vota a favór hodi kontra Prezidente nia veta ba alterasaun Lei Atividade Petrolíferu (iha ema ida de’it mak vota kontra, no Fretilin abandona plenária). Maske tuir mai  prezidente promulga duni lei ne’e, no Membru Parlamentu na’in 23 agora kontesta hela lei nia konstitusionálidade no legalidade iha Tribunál de Rekursu.
Akordu fa’an-sosa sira mak komplikadu liu; nune’e Kámara Kontas iha Tribunal la bele halo avaliasaun. Lejizlasaun ne’ebé propoin sei hasai kontratu hotu-hotu no dokumentu legal seluk ne’ebé liga ba petróleu husi fiskalizasaun previa Kámara Kontas nian sei nafatin iha futuru. Ne’e la limita ba akordu fa’an-sosa, ka ba Sunrise, maibé bele mós aplika ba akordu finansiál ba projetu saida de’it ne’ebé iha relasaun ho petróleu.

Iha fulan Dezembru, Reprezentante Espesiál Xanana Gusmão hateten sai liu husi GMN-TV katak akordu fa’an-sosa mak komplikadu tebes ba Kámara Kontas atu bele kompriende, no Timor-Leste tenke fiar relatóriu ne’ebé taka ba públiku “Due Diligence/Uji Kelayakan” sira husi PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PWC). La’o Hamutuk fiar katak akordu sira nia kustu no kompleksidade mak sai razaun tanbasá presiza duni transparénsia, kontrolu ho balansu, no revizaun independente previa ba akordu sira-ne’e.
Públiku bele asesu akordu fa’an-sosa no relatóriu “Due Diligence” sira. Maski Reprezentante Espesiál ho fiar an tebes ko’alia ba públiku iha Sentru Konvensaun Dili (iha televizaun nasionál) katak dokumentu sira ne’e dokumentu públiku, maibé dokumentu sira seidauk bele asesu husi públiku, maski La’o Hamutuk halo pedidu tiha ona ba TimorGAP no Gabinete Fronteira Maritima hodi hetan dokumentu sira ne’e.
Lei Fundu Petrolíferu en vigor ne’e permite uza parte husi Fundu ne’e hodi investe ba Sunrise. Artigu 15.1 husi Lei Fundu Petrolíferu No. 9/2005 ne’ebé altera ona iha tinan 2011 temi espesifikamente katak investimentu hotu husi Fundu ne’e tenke iha rai li’ur. Parágrafu seluk iha Artigu 15 temi katak másimu 5% bele uza ba ‘investimentu elegíveis seluk’ (ez. buat seluk husi títulu no ekidade sira), no mós katak la bele halo investimentu liu 3% ba kompañia ida. Maski alterasaun ba Lei Atividade Petrolíferu loke posibilidade ba halo investimentu husi Fundu ba TimorGAP, ne’e la altera Lei Fundu Petrolíferu.

Dalan seluk atu hetan osan hodi sosa partisipasaun husi Sunrise mak liu husi aloka ba Orsamentu Estadu, ne’ebé kuaze 90% mai husi Fundu Petrolíferu. Orsamentu Estadu 2019 dahuluk ne’ebé pasa ona husi Parlamentu inklui tokon $650 ba ConocoPhillips no Shell. Maske nune’e hafoin Prezidente veto tiha orsamentu ne’e,  Parlamentu hasai alokasaun refere. Alokasaun orsamentál di’ak mak liu husi meius transparente, demokrátiku no legal atu uza Fundu Petrolíferu hodi selu parte husi Projetu Sunrise, sem estraga seguransa no akontabilidade husi Fundu Petrolíferu no la kria konfuzaun entre despeza no investimentu.
Timor-Leste sei presiza selu multa ba kompañia sira se karik seidauk selu pagamentu iha fulan Marsu 2019 nia rohan. Akordu ho ConocoPhillips dehan katak se tokon $350 seidauk selu iha fulan Marsu nia rohan, Timor-Leste sei selu funan (la’ós multa) kada fulan ba balansu ne’ebé seidauk selu, 5% funan anuál. Entre Novembru 2018 no Janeiru 2019, Timor-Leste hetan retornu anualizadu 9.3% husi Fundu Petrolíferu, tan ne’e karik Timor-Leste bele hetan benefísiu finansiál husi investimentu Fundu Petrolíferu se ita rai osan iha Fundu no selu depois. Ita seidauk hatene katak iha deadline ka lae, bainhira mak presiza selu. Ita la hatene se iha prazu fiksu hodi halo pagamentu ka lae.
Pagamentu ba Shell iha prazu to’o fulan Marsu 2020.
Osan hotu ne’ebé kompañia sira no Timor-Leste investe iha Projetu Sunrise sei hetan fila fali, ho aumenta tan 127%, hanesan saida mak akontese ba kompañia sira ne’ebé investe iha Bayu-Undan. (Atu dehan katak bainhira halo investimentu $100 sei simu osan fali $227). Parte husi fraze ne’e mak loos. Maski nune’e, Bayu-Undan nia rejime taxa hetan dezeña hodi prioritiza kompañia nia interese duké governu nian, no Sunrise sei la presiza uza sistema hanesan ne’e. Mezmu karik Sunrise uza regra sira ne’ebé hanesan, regra sira ne’e sei aplika de’it ba investimentu iha kampu (upstream), no sei la aplika ba sosa partisipasaun, ka ba pipa no planta LNG.

Bainhira fa’an gas, osan sira ne’e sei uza hodi selu fali investidór sira. Timor-Leste sei hetan 56.56% husi ne’e, ho fahe restu montante ba investidór sira seluk. Osan ne’ebé selu fali ba investidór sira sei hamenus totál taxa ne’ebé Timor-Leste sei simu husi produsaun mina no gas Sunrise nian. Nune’e karik kustu kapitál ne’ebé boot liu sei la fó benefísiu ba Estadu.
Timor-Leste simu ona liu biliaun $5 tanba halo diversifikasaun ba Fundu Petrolíferu nia investimentu iha ekidade internasionál hahú iha tinan 2012. Entre inísiu 2013 no fin 2018, Fundu Petrolíferu simu ona biliaun $1.95 husi osan funan, no dezde uluk se Timor-Leste  investe de’it iha títulu sira osan simu ne’e sei ho montante hanesan de’it. Investimentu ba asoens sira aumenta nia valór ba biliaun $1.97 durante periodu ne’ebá, no durante ne’e folin ba asoens globál sira di’ak tebes.
Iha periodu hanesan, Fundu Petrolíferu mós simu biliaun $6.93 husi reseita mina no gas no lakon biliaun $0.64 tanba iha mudansa iha valór troka-moeda iha merkadu internasionál.
Projetu Sunrise sei hetan susesu tanba Timor-Leste nia lider sira hakarak tebes atu halo ne’e sai susesu. Karik Timor-Leste hetan finansa ho kustu ne’ebé ki’ik no risku ne’ebé ki’ik, ho dezeñu, konstrusaun no jestaun Projetu Greater Sunrise nian la’o ho perfeitu, sei nafatin iha fatór balu ne’ebé Timor-Leste labele kontrola. Sunrise sei prodús LNG ba tinan 25, no folin gas naturál bele tun maka’as bainhira fonte sira ne’ebé la konvensional (hanesan fracking ka perfurasaun sízmiku ba rai maran) kontinua aumenta, ou bainhira enerjia renovavel troka mina no gas. Konsekuénsia sira husi mudansa klimátika bele rezulta iha nasaun sira atu halo taxa (ka bandu) sunu mina no gas, ne’ebé bele hafraku Sunrise nia ekonomia. La iha serteza ba buat hirak ne’e, maibé iha risku ne’ebé sériu.
Karik projetu ne’e hetan aprovasaun lalais liu, Greater Sunrise sei fó reseita nato’on ba Timor-Leste lalais hodi prevene Fundu Petrolíferu tun ba zeru iha maizumenus tinan sanulu ba oin. La’o Hamutuk halo estimasaun katak Timor-Leste nia Fundu Petrolíferu bele mamuk iha 2027, maski karik Estadu la gasta ka investe iha Projetu Sunrise. Karik Timor-Leste uza Fundu hodi investe (diretamente ka liu husi Orsamentu Estadu) iha Sunrise no Tasi Mane, iha posibilidade katak Fundu sei mamuk iha tinan hirak mai molok 2027.

Se karik buat hotu-hotu tuir planu, proponente sira Projetu Sunrise nian iha espetativa ba produsaun atu hahú iha tinan 2026 nia rohan. Maski nune’e, bainhira haree tuir esperiénsia husi Bayu-Undan no projetu sira seluk, ita bele haree reseita boot la mai to’o tinan rua hafoin produsaun komesa hala’o. Ne’e tanba foufoun produsaun bele la’o neineik no iha tempu hanesan investidór sira tenke hetan fila fali sira nia osan inan. Karik Projetu Sunrise implementa ho perfeitu, Timor-Leste sei enfrenta austeridade – situasaun laiha osan sufisiente atu selu ba servisu báziku. Só bele prevene ne’e bainhira halo diversfikasaun ekonomia ho lalais iha setór sira ne’ebé la’ós mina.
Karik Greater Sunrise la prodús reseita no lukru ne’ebé tuir espetasaun, instituisaun ne’ebé finansia projetu (liu-liu Xina) bele fó sansaun todan ba Timor-Leste. Ida ne’e halo ema preokupa, no iha posibilidade katak ne’e loos. Bainhira Kámara Kontas revee akordu empréstimu sira, ne’e sei hamenus perigu ida ne’e.

Iha nasaun balu, inklui Sri Lanka, Myanmar no Angola, akordu empréstimu obriga produsaun-na’in sira ba mina no gas tenke fa’an fali ba sira nia kreditór sira ho folin baratu liu duké folin merkadu nian, ka fó dalan ba ajénsia emprestido̒r internasionál sai na’in ba infrastrutura xave. Maski nune’e, se karik projetu hetan lukru boot duni, Timor-Leste sei la presiza asina akordu ne’ebé obriga kondisaun todan ba Timor-Leste - no, se karik projetu la hetan susesu, di’ak liu la implementa projetu.
Ita tenke halo parte hotu husi Projetu Tasi Mane ne’ebé proposta hela hodi lori pipa Sunrise mai Timor-Leste. Pipa Greater Sunrise no Projetu LNG, presiza infrastrutura iha kampu tasi-laran Sunrise nian; presiza mós pipa gas nian iha tasi okos no planta LNG, no kais ba ró boot sira iha Beaçu. La presiza auto-estrada iha kosta súl, refinaria iha Betano ka base fornesimentu lojistiku iha Suai (Suai Supply Base). Karik kansela no la kontinua ho komponente projetu sira seluk, ne’e la kria obstákulu tékniku ka ekonómiku atu kontinua projetu Beaçu LNG. Komponente ida-idak husi Projetu Tasi Mane tenke deside tuir ninia prosesu keta-ketak, ho análize independente no imparsiál ba kustu, benefísiu no risku.

16 January 2019

Misinformation and facts about the Greater Sunrise project

At the end of September 2018, Timor-Leste and ConocoPhillips announced that the company will sell its 30% share of participation in the Greater Sunrise Joint Venture to Timor-Leste for $350 million. A month later, Shell agreed to sell its 26.56% share for $300 million more. Timor-Leste is debating laws and budgets to implement these transactions.

These events have stimulated a lot of talking and writing by journalists, leaders and experts. Unfortunately, much of the commentary has included inaccurate context and factual errors. La’o Hamutuk is publishing this list of common misunderstandings, with relevant facts, to help people understand the issues better. We hope that it will also improve the accuracy of future reporting.

For additional, regularly updated, information about the Sunrise project and Timor-Leste’s participation, see http://www.laohamutuk.org/Oil/Sunrise/18SunriseBuyout.htm. This blog was updated on 6 March 2019.

Misunderstanding Actual reality
Timor-Leste is buying shares (or stock / ações / asaun) in ConocoPhillips and Shell. The companies agreed to sell their ownership of parts of the Sunrise Joint Venture to Timor-Leste. This kind of deal is common in the petroleum industry. However, part of a joint venture is not the same as shares of a company’s stock, which can easily be resold and don’t involve additional obligations. Participants in a joint venture such as this commit to invest billions of dollars more and are responsible for managing the project. Changes in ownership must be approved by other participants.

The world contains many prospective petroleum projects which are likely to be more profitable than Greater Sunrise, and experienced, legitimate companies may choose to invest elsewhere unless special incentives are offered to buy into the Sunrise project.
The deals show that the companies trust Timor-Leste’s capability to carry out the Sunrise project. Shell and ConocoPhillips will no longer be involved in Sunrise. They are happy to receive Timor-Leste’s money in return for pulling out of a project that will not be developed in ways they believe are the most profitable.
A pipeline from Sunrise to Beaçu is not technically feasible. Although this may have been true 15 years ago, today everyone agrees that it is possible to run an undersea gas pipeline across the deep, steep Timor Trench between Sunrise and Beaçu.

However, it is likely to be more expensive and riskier than other development models.
There is no need to analyze or compare alternative development options for Sunrise. La’o Hamutuk believes that Sunrise development should maximize the benefits for Timor-Leste’s people, while minimizing costs and risks, and all possible options should be compared by independent experts, leading to a decision based solely on economics, not politics or ideology. Proponents of the pipeline to Beaçu have not released (or not done) recent comparisons of it with other options, such as a pipeline to the existing Darwin LNG plant or floating LNG.
Timor-Leste’s investment in this project will be $650 million. Participants in a joint venture are responsible to pay their portion of the capital and operating costs of the project, in return for receiving part of the profits. In addition to the $650 million to buy 56.56% participation, Timor-Leste will have to invest more than $10 billion to enable Sunrise oil and gas production.
Changes to legislation are required for these deals to move ahead. The Sunrise buy-in could proceed under existing law, without amending Petroleum Activities Law 13/2005.
The President vetoed participation in the Sunrise project. The President did not veto participation in the joint venture, as this was not in the legislation presented to him. The vetoed law amending Petroleum Activities Law 13/2005 includes a clause allowing the Petroleum Fund to be directly invested in TimorGAP, which contradicts Petroleum Fund Law 9/2005 (as amended in 2011). However, Parliament overrode the veto, the President promulgated the law, and it is being challenged in court.

However, there are other ways to finance the project, including through the State Budget. The 2019 budget originally passed by Parliament included $650 million to purchase participation, but it was vetoed by the President, and Parliament removed the allocation before final approval and promulgation.
No legislation to finance the billions in additional investment that the Sunrise project will require has been submitted.
An amendment to the Petroleum Activities Law is needed to allow Timor-Leste to own more than 20% of a petroleum project. TimorGAP already owns 50% of two onshore Production-Sharing Contracts (PSCs), 100% of offshore PSC S0-15-01, and 24% of PSC JPDA 11-106. Existing law does not prevent Timor-Leste from owning 30% or more of Sunrise, as the 20% limit does not apply to purchased participation.
It requires two-thirds (44 Members) or a majority (33 Members) of Parliament to override a Presidential veto. This is subject to debate; the Constitution is ambiguous as major issues require 2/3 of those present, while others require an absolute majority of Parliament. On 10 January, 41 Members of Parliament voted to override the President’s veto of the amendment to the Petroleum Activities Law (only one voted against, as Fretilin walked out). Although the President subsequently promulgated the law, its legality and constitutionality is being challenged in court.
The purchase agreements are too complicated to be evaluated by the Audit Chamber of the Appeals Court (Camara da Contas). The proposed legislation removes all petroleum-related contracts and other related legal documents from prior review by the Audit Chamber, forever. It is not limited to purchase agreements, or to Sunrise, and could also apply to financing agreements for any petroleum-related project.

In December, Special Representative Xanana Gusmão told the GMN-TV audience that the purchase agreements are too complicated for the Audit Chamber to understand, and that Timor-Leste should trust the undisclosed “Due Diligence” reports by PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PWC). La’o Hamutuk believes that the agreements’ cost and complexity is exactly why transparency, checks and balances, and prior independent review are essential.
The purchase agreements and “Due Diligence” reports are public documents. Although the Special Representative emphatically announced at Dili Convention Center (on national television) that these documents are public, they have not been made available, although La’o Hamutuk has asked TimorGAP and the Maritime Boundaries Office for them.
The current Petroleum Fund Law permits part of the Fund to be invested in Sunrise. Article 15.1 of Petroleum Fund Law No. 9/2005 as amended in 2011 specifies that all of the Fund’s investments must be outside of Timor-Leste. Other clauses in Article 15 say that up to 5% of the investments can be ‘non-traditional’ (i.e. other than bonds and stocks), and that no more than 3% can be in any one company. Although the (vetoed) alteration of the Petroleum Activities Law opens the possibility for the Fund to be invested in TimorGAP, it does not revise the Petroleum Fund Law.

Parliament could allocate money through the State Budget process to invest in the Sunrise field (the proposed 2019 budget includes $650 million to pay ConocoPhillips and Shell, and the Petroleum Fund will finance 88% of the State Budget). This would be a legal way for the Petroleum Fund to pay for part of the Sunrise Project without damaging the security, transparency and accountability of the Petroleum Fund.
Timor-Leste will have to pay fines to the companies if payments are not made by March 2019. The agreement with ConocoPhillips says that if $350 million is not paid by the end of March, Timor-Leste will have to pay 5% annual interest (not a fine) on the unpaid balance. From November 2018 through January 2019, Timor-Leste received 9.3% (annualized) return from investing the Petroleum Fund, so Timor-Leste could benefit financially by paying later and keeping the money in the Fund longer. We do not know if there is an absolute deadline for making the payment.

The payment to Shell is not due until March 2020.
Money invested by companies and Timor-Leste in the Sunrise project will be repaid, with 127% more added, just as was done for the companies who invested in Bayu-Undan. (In other words, a $100 investment will be repaid with $227.) This is partly true. However, Bayu-Undan’s tax regime was designed to favor the companies’ interests over those of governments, and Sunrise doesn’t have to use the same system. Even if Sunrise uses these earlier rules, this would apply only to the investment at the field (upstream), but not to the purchase of participation, or to the pipeline and LNG plant.

As gas is sold, money is used to repay investors, and Timor-Leste will get 56.56% of this, with the rest shared among the other investors. These repayments will reduce the royalties and taxes Timor-Leste will receive from Sunrise oil and gas production, so larger capital costs may not benefit the State.
Timor-Leste has received more than $5 billion because it diversified Petroleum Fund investments into the stock market starting in 2012. Between the start of 2013 and the end of 2018, the Petroleum Fund received $1.95 billion in interest and dividends, which would have been received even if all the investments had remained in bonds. Its stock investments grew in value by $1.97 billion during that period, during which the global stock prices did very well.

During the same period, the Fund received $6.93 billion in oil and gas revenues and lost $0.64 billion due to changes in currency exchange rates.
The Sunrise project will succeed because Timor-Leste’s leaders are determined to make it work. Even if Timor-Leste obtains low-cost, low-risk financing, and the design, construction and management of the Greater Sunrise project are done perfectly, some factors are not within Timor-Leste’s control. Sunrise will be producing LNG for a quarter of a century, and the price of natural gas could drop drastically as non-conventional sources (i.e. fracking) continue to grow, or as renewable energy replaces fossil fuels. The consequences of climate change could cause nations to tax (or even outlaw) burning oil and gas, undercutting the economics of Sunrise. None of this is certain, but it is a serious risk.
If the project is approved expeditiously, Greater Sunrise will provide enough revenue to Timor-Leste in time to prevent the Petroleum Fund from being drawn down to zero in about ten years. La’o Hamutuk estimates that Timor-Leste’s Petroleum Fund could be empty by 2027 even if the State does not spend or invest in the Sunrise project. If the Fund is invested (directly or through the State Budget) in Sunrise and Tasi Mane, it could be empty several years sooner.

If everything goes as planned, proponents of the Sunrise project expect production to start toward the end of 2026. However, the experience of Bayu-Undan and other projects is that significant revenue does not come in until about two years after production begins, because production ramps up slowly and capital investors must be repaid first. Even if Sunrise goes perfectly, Timor-Leste will probably face several years of austerity – not having enough money to pay for basic services – unless the economy is rapidly diversified into non-oil sectors.
If Greater Sunrise does not produce the expected revenue and profit, project financers (especially China) could impose severe sanctions on Timor-Leste. This is worrisome, but might be correct. Having loan agreements reviewed by the Audit Chamber will reduce or avoid this danger.

In some countries, including Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Angola, loan agreements have forced gas and oil producers to sell to the lender at below-market prices, or have allowed foreign lenders to take ownership of key infrastructure. However, if the project is profitable, there is no need to sign financing agreements which impose harsh conditions on Timor-Leste – and, if it is not, it shouldn’t be done in the first place.
All the proposed components of the Tasi Mane Project are necessary to bring the Sunrise pipeline to Timor-Leste. The Greater Sunrise pipeline and LNG project require the infrastructure at the offshore Sunrise field, the undersea gas pipeline, and the LNG plant and tanker jetty at Beaçu. It does not need the South Coast highway, Betano refinery or the Suai Supply Base. No economic or technical reason prevents Beaçu LNG from going ahead even if the other components are cancelled. Each component of the Tasi Mane Project should be decided separately, with its own independent, objective, cost/benefit/risk analysis.

29 November 2018

Submisaun kona-ba Orsamentu Estadu 2019

Submisaun ba Komisaun C, Parlamentu Nasionál

Konteúdu

  • Presiza Tau Osan ba Setór Sira Ne’ebé Governu Dehan Mak Prioridade.
  • Governu Bele Investe iha Kapitál Umanu Liu husi Despeza iha Servisu Báziku sira.
  • Agrikultura mak Meius Importante ba Diversifikasaun Ekonomia.
  • Livru Orsamentu tenke Inklui Projesaun Loos kona-ba Despeza Rekorente iha Futuru.
  • La’o Hamutuk Enkoraja atu Hapara Gasta Povu nia Osan ba Projetu Tasi Mane.
  • Orsamentu 2019 Ameasa Sustentabilidade Fundu Petrolíferu.

Introdusaun

La’o Hamutuk apresia oportunidade ida ne’e, hodi hato’o ami nia idea sira kona-ba proposta Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2019. Ami espera katak informasaun iha submisaun ida ne’e, sei ajuda Ita-Boot sira hodi bele halo desizaun kona-ba oinsá hadi’ak proposta orsamentu atu haforsa ita nia ekonomia no servisu sosiál nian sai di’ak liu, hodi servi nesesidade povu Timor-Leste nian.

Proposta Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2019 ho montante biliaun $1.827, boot liu iha istória Timor-Leste. To’o agora, másimu ezekusaun OJE iha tinan 2016, biliaun $1.631 de’it. Maske tempu no informasaun limitadu atu analiza no deside kona-ba aprovasaun Lei Orsamentu ida ne’e, ami fó korajen no parabéns katak Ita-Boot sira bele tetu di’ak no halo alterasaun ho matenek.

Agora daudaun, Estadu Timor-Leste iha kruzamentu ida; Parlamentu Nasionál V no Governu Konstitusionál VIII tenke deside dalan saida atu tuir. Ita-Boot sira bele hili dalan ida atu haforsa ekidade, diversifikasaun no sustentabilidade – ka bele deside atu halai lahó kuidadu atu tuir mehi ne’ebé iha posibilidade atu kria rikeza boot, ka atu halo nasaun osan-tahan (bankrut) no aumentu povu nia kiak no mukit.  Ita hotu hakarak futuru di’ak ba povu hotu iha rai doben ida ne’e, maibé dalaruma ita seidauk hetan konkordánsia kona-ba dalan atu tuir.

Hanesan bain-bain, La’o Hamutuk koko lori evidénsia no faktu balu ba Distintu Deputada/u sira, atu ajuda Ita-Boot sira atu halo desizaun di’ak hodi asegura futuru Timor-Leste nian. Maske ami seidauk hatene buat hotu, no laiha informasaun kompletu, ami halo pedidu ba Ita-Boot sira atu buka evidénsia, analiza ho maneira independente, no labele fiar ka depende ba fonte ka opiniaun ida de’it atu informa Ita-Boot nia desizaun sira. Karik Ita-Boot sira hakarak esplikasaun kle’an liu, ka informasaun adisionál, ami sempre prontu atu koko fornese.

Presiza Tau Osan ba Setór sira ne’ebé Governu Dehan mak Prioridade.


Iha livru OJE 1, Governu deskreve sira nia prioridade sira prinsipál neen ba tinan 2019:
  1. Hasa’e produtividade iha setór agrikultura hodi hametin seguransa ai han no redús insidénsia malnutrisaun.
  2. Hadi’a kualidade edukasaun (inkluzivu, tuir padraun no orientadu ba merkadu).
  3. Hadi’a no hametin asesu ba servisu saúde, kontinua ho programa “saúde na família”.
  4. Infrastrutura bázika ba bee mós no saneamentu no estrada sira, inklui estrada rurál sira.
  5. Hametin setór turizmu, foka liu ba dezenvolvimentu turizmu komunitáriu.
  6. Kontinua implementasaun programa desentralizasun administrativa.
Governu sempre hatete katak sira nia prioridade mak agrikultura, edukasaun, saúde no infrastrutura báziku. Maibé, ami la haree prioridade sira hirak ne’e refleta iha alokasaun despeza Orsamentu Estadu 2019. Edukasaun, saúde, agrikultura no bee mós hamutuk hetan menus husi 15% husi OJE 2019. Sira proposta atu gasta osan boot husi OJE ba projetu boot sira, inklui sosa asaun Greater Sunrise, ne’ebé sei kustu dolar biliaun barak iha futuru, no mós aspetu seluk husi projetu Tasi Mane.

Relatóriu Nasionál Dezenvolvimentu Umanu UNDP nian rekomenda ba Governu atu aloka 25% ka aas liu husi OJE ba edukasaun no saúde nune’e bele atinje sira nia meta sira iha Planu Dezenvolvimentu Estratéjiku Nasionál, maibé alokasaun ba setór rua ne’e hamutuk nunka atinje meta ida ne’e. Iha tinan hirak ikus, alokasaun orsamentu ba setór sira ne’e tun tinan-tinan; tendénsia ida ne’e sei fó limitasaun ba abilidade nasaun nian hodi atinje objetivu sira ne’ebé hakerek ona iha Planu Dezenvolvimentu Estratéjiku no planu VIII Governu ba tinan lima mai.

Prioridade hirak ne’e la’ós de’it hakerek iha surat tahan mutin, maibé tenke hatudu ho asaun. Alokasaun Orsamentu Estadu tenke responde ba nesesidade báziku populasaun sira nian no hadi’ak sira nia moris liu husi investimentu iha setór báziku sira, hanesan iha ona kompromisu atu halo. Investimentu iha servisu báziku, hanesan edukasaun no saúde, iha impaktu direta ne’ebé pozitivu ba povu nia moris loron-loron, no mós fó impaktu pozitivu ba ekonomia tomak, hanesan investimentu direta atu hasa’e kapitál umanu. Ho kualidade edukasaun no saúde di’ak, povu hotu sei moris produtivu liu, no bele kontribui signifikante ba ekonomia iha setór privadu no setór públiku.

Governu Bele Investe iha Kapitál Umanu Liu husi Despeza iha Servisu Báziku sira.


Alokasaun ba edukasaun, saúde, bee moos no agrikultura nafatin parte ki’ik husi OJE 2019 mezmu Governu sempre hatete katak sira ne’e hotu hanesan prioridade prinsipál. Alokasaun ba setór hirak ne’e aumenta husi tinan kotuk, maibé labele halo komparasaun ho OJE 2018 tanba sistema duo-decimal limita despeza Estadu durante fulan sia ne’ebé sai iha tinan ida ne’e. Nune’e, OJE 2018 totál ki’ik liu kompara ho tinan hirak liu ba, no despeza sira la refleta planu ka prioridade Governu nian ba tinan ida ne’e. Nune’e, ami uza OJE 2016 no 2017 atu kompara ho tinan 2019. 

Edukasaun

Proposta OJE 2019 aloka tokon $140 ka 7.7% husi total OJE ba setór edukasaun. Alokasaun ida ne’e tokon $11 boot liu duke alokasaun iha 2017 no kuaze hanesan ho alokasaun iha 2016. Orsamentu 2019 proposta atu gasta $270 de’it ba estudante ida-idak iha Timor-Leste. Alokasaun ida ne’e la too atu rezolve problema hirak ne’ebé setór edukasaun hasoru, inklui ekipamentu ba aprendizajen no hanorin ne’ebé nafatin lasufisiente, falta formasaun no akompañamentu hodi asegura implementasaun kurríkulu ne’ebé loloos, no infrastrutura báziku ne’ebé laadekuadu. Investe iha rekursu umanu mak sai xave ba dezenvolvimentu Timor-Leste no instrumentu importante atu hasai povu husi kiak. Ita labele aumenta povu nia matenek bainhira la iha investimentu ne’ebé boot no ho kualidade aas iha edukasaun.

Investimentu iha setór edukasaun presiza aumenta materiál fízika atu fasilita prosesu aprendizajen no iha tempu hanesan hadi’ak kualidade edukasaun. Ami apresia Parlamentu nia desizaun atu rejeita mudansa sira ne’ebé proposta kona-ba Kurríkulu Pre-Eskolár no Ensinu Báziku 2015. Ami espera katak agora Governu bele prioritiza imprimasaun livru sira ba mestre/a no estudante sira, ho mós sistema no ekipamentu atu organiza no proteje livru sira-ne’e. Ami mós espera katak Governu sei prioritize formasaun ba mestre/a sira nudár meiu importante atu hadi’a kualidade edukasaun iha Timor-Leste liuhosi aumenta mestre/a sira nia kapasidade atu hanorin tuir kurríkulu ne’ebé hatudu metodolojia ne’ebé di’ak no efetivu.

Ami konkorda ho Governu katak ita presiza edukasaun ne’ebé inkluzivu ba ema hotu. Edukasaun inkluzivu, husi ninia definisaun, signifika katak tenke sura mós Timoroan ne’ebé vulneravel liu, inklui sira ho defisiénsia, sira hotu iha area rurál, ema mukit, inan isin-rua sira, no seluk-seluk. Agora sei kontinua iha dezafiu boot sira ne’ebé prevene ema vulneravel atu asesu ba iha kualidade edukasaun, entaun ami espera katak Governu bele tuir sira nia kompromisu atu asegura katak edukasaun mak inkluzivu duni. Governu sei presiza halo avaliasaun kona-ba realidade ba populasaun sira ne’ebé vulneravel liu no mós projetu edukasaun sira hodi bele hasoru dezafiu sira liuhusi programa klaru, ekitavel, efetivu no bazeia ba evidénsia. 

Saúde

Alokasaun ba setór saúde hamutuk tokon $71 iha proposta OJE 2019, reprezenta de’it 3.9% husi orsamentu totál. Laiha mudansa boot ba alokasaun iha tinan kotuk ba setór saúde, hanesan bele haree iha leten. OJE 2019 proposta atu gasta $56 ba Timoroan ida-idak nia saúde durante tinan tomak. Importante atu hasa’e alokasaun orsamentu ba iha setór saúde; nune’e jerasaun tuir mai bele sai produtivu no saudavel.

Taxa malnutrisaun - liu-liu ba labarik ne’ebé iha tinan lima mai kraik - sai ameasa ba Timor-Leste nia futuru. 46% husi labarik tinan lima mai kraik mak stunted (isin-ki’ik) no 24% mak wasted  (isin-krekas), ne’ebé sukat aas no todan atu identifika malnutrisaun. Realidade katak labarik barak tebes iha malnutrisaun  hatudu katak Timor-Leste presiza halo investimentu ne’ebé boot no efetivu hodi kombate malnutrisaun. Labarik sira mak sai rekursu ne’ebé ho valór boot liu ba Timor-Leste; investimentu iha sira nia saúde mak sai investimentu direta ba ita hotu nia futuru.

Sistema saúde públika sei menus ho ekipamentu, infrastrutura, no funsionáriu profisionál kuidadu saúde sira ne’ebé la natoon. Maske iha polítika nasionál ne’ebé di’ak kona-ba planeamentu familiar, ne’e seidauk implementa ho di’ak no presiza formasaun ba funsionáriu sentru saúde sira hodi sira bele fornese informasaun kompletu ba ema hotu ne’ebé hakarak lahó diskriminasaun tanba status sivíl, jéneru ka idade. Problema hirak ne’e maka’as liu iha area rurál no komunidade rurál barak sei hasoru dezafiu boot atu asesu ba saúde. Governu tenke halo investimentu ne’ebé boot iha setór saúde atu realiza meta iha Planu Estratéjiku Setór Saúde nian 2011-2030, ne’ebé sei inklui aumenta asesu ba no kualidade sistema saúde públiku ba povu Timor-Leste tomak. Ne’e importante katak investimentu iha setór ne’e hadi’ak kualidade servisu saúde liu husi treinamentu ba professional kuidadu saúde sira, investimentu iha ekipamentu no infrastrutura, kampaña informasaun loloos, no mós treinamentu ba profisionál sira atu hanorin oinsá atu uza ekipamentu sira hotu.

Bee Moos no Saneamentu

Proposta alokasaun ba bee moos no saneamentu iha 2019 mak tokon $17, ka menus 1% husi Orsamentu Estadu totál. Setór ida ne’e kontinua atu hetan alokasaun ki’ik maske asesu ba bee moos no saneamentu ne’ebé adekuadu mak dezafiu boot ba ema barak, liu-liu iha area rurál ne’ebé 70% populasaun hela ba. Bazeia ba Peskiza Demográfiku no Saúde (DHS) 2016, 58% husi uma-kain iha area rurál hetan asesu ba bee moos iha sira nia uma ka besik sira nia hela fatin. Sira seluk presiza la'o atu asesu ba bee moos, responsabilidade ne’ebé dala barak feto ho labarik sira hasoru.

Bazeia ba DHS 2016, 50% de’it husi umakain iha Timor-Leste iha asesu ba fasilidade saneamentu ne’ebé di’ak, signifika katak sira uza sentina ho tanke séptiku (pit latrine). No mós, iha area rurál 35% husi umakain la hetan asesu ba fasilidade sira ne’e hotu, no sira soe fo’er iha li’ur, la uza sentina ida.

Timor-Leste ratifika ona Konvensaun Internasionál kona-ba Direitu Ekonómiku, Sosiál no Kultura, no artigu 11 husi Konvensaun ne’e hatete katak ema hotu-hotu iha direitu ba bee. La’o Hamutuk hanoin katak privatizasaun ba setór bee ka implementasaun Parseria Públiku Privada (PPP), hanesan sira rekomenda iha Planu Setór Investimentu 2018-2030 ba Bee ADB nian, mak perigu no bele viola direitu umanu. Maioria povu Timor-Leste hela iha area rurál ho iha asesu ba bee no saneamentu ne’ebé limitadu, entaun ami la konkorda ho ADB nia planu ne’ebé fó prioridade ba Dili boot liu duké area rurál. Ami espera katak Governu bele halo investimentu boot liu iha futuru iha setór bee no saneamentu, liu-liu iha area rural.

Investimentu iha bee no saneamentu mak sai hanesan investimentu direta ba kapitál umanu, tanba bee ne’ebé kontaminadu no saneamentu la adekuadu kauza problema saúde barak, inklui diarreia (tee-been). Diarreia bele kauza malnutrisaun liu-liu iha labarik. Diarreia króniku no malnutrisaun fó impaktu permanente ba ema nia abilidade atu aprende no mós redús produtividade laborál bainhira adultu. Saneamentu ne’ebé la seguru no la ijienénikue fó sai impaktu negativu ba saúde, no bele ne’ebé iha mós sai obstákulu ba labarik sira – liuliu feto sira - impaktu tan atu atende eskola no abilidade atuka halo servisu.

Governu iha responsabilidade atu asegura asesu ba bee mós no saneamentu adekuadu ba Timoroan tomak. Ita labele depende ba doadór husi li’ur atu investe iha setór ida ne’e. Doadór mai ba tempu badak atu implementa projetu ne’ebé espesífiku maibé ne’e la’ós dalan sustentável ka longu prazu atu jere setór bee no saneamentu. Governu presiza halo planu investimentu ne’ebé longu prazu no inklui kustu manutensaun ba futuru.

Agrikultura mak Meius Importante ba Diversifikasaun Ekonomia.


Atu aumenta nivel reseita doméstika no diversifika Timor-Leste nia ekonomia husi mina, Governu presiza prioritiza investimentu iha agrikultura, indústria ki’ik no eko-turízmu ne’ebé bele fó benefísiu ba komunidade sira iha baze. 70% husi populasaun depende ba agrikultura ba sira nia moris, maibé orsamentu 2019 aloka 1.3% de’it ba setór ida ne’e.

Tendénsia orsamentu ba agrikultura sempre ki’ik no tun dezde 2015. Tendénsia ida ne’e hatudu katak Governu la tau prioridade ba setór produtivu sira hanesan agrikultura, maske sira sempre ko’alia importánsia husi setór sira ne’e iha sira nia diskursu no planu. Alokasaun ne’ebé agrikultura hetan to’o agora la sufisiente atu hadi’ak produtividade ne’ebé ita presiza atu diversifika ekonomia no hasai ema husi kiak.

Governu presiza halo investimentu espesífiku atu aumenta produtividade iha agrikultura no iha tempu hanesan promove diversifikasaun iha ai-han ne’ebé ema kuda no promove métodu agrikultura sira ne’ebé orgániku no saudavel ba tempu naruk. Intervensaun hanesan treinamentu no edukasaun ba to’os na’in efetivu liu duke fó kapitál menór - hanesan fó tratór - dala ida ne’ebé la’ós investimentu ne’ebé sustentável ba tempu naruk. Governu bele mós investe iha promove indústria ki’ik sira ne’ebé aumenta produtu agrikultura nia valór liuhosi prosesamentu ruma; nune’e bele kria empregu, redús ita nia dependénsia ba importasaun, no hasai to’os na’in barak husi kiak.

Livru Orsamentu tenke Inklui Projesaun Loloos kona-ba Despeza Rekorente iha Futuru.


Iha Proposta 2019 ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu, Livru 1 no 4 tinan-tinan Governu halo projesaun ne’ebé la bazeia ba kalkulasaun no investigasaun. Projesaun 4% aumentu tinan ida ba tinan seluk ne’e viola Lei Jestaun Finanseiru. Sumáriu no totál orsamentu iha livru 1 bazeia ba detallu sira iha livru 4a no 4b.

Lei Orsamentu no Jestaun Finanseiru 13/2009 artigu 3.3 no artigu 22.3(a) dehan katak OJE tenke inklui “As receitas totais previstas pelo Governo, assim como as despesas e os saldos resultantes e para os dois anos seguintes.”

Tabela iha pájina 7 husi livru 1 la kumpre tuir Lei Orsamentu no Jestaun Finanseiru. Kalkulasaun ba aumentu 4% ne’e simples liu, no la esplika klaru razaun husi aumentu 4% kada tinan.

Parlamentu Nasionál iha mandatu boot atu tau matan no análiza kalkulasaun ba projesaun hirak ne’ebé Ministériu Finansas halo. No Parlamentu Nasionál iha responsabilidade boot atu análiza kle’an orsamentu no nia implikasaun ba futuru. La’o Hamutuk husu Parlamentu Nasionál atu ezije Ministériu Finansas atu halo projesaun loos no la kontinua viola lei Orsamentu no Jestaun Finanseiru.

Violasaun lei ida ne’e ita bele haree bazeia ba projesaun kona-ba empréstimu no transferénsia públiku.  Governu aloka tokon $350 iha Orsamentu iha 2019 ba sosa partisipasaun iha Projetu Greater Sunrise husi ConocoPhillips. Projesaun ne’e ita bele haree mosu iha 2020 no tinan tuir mai aumenta 4%, sera ke ita sei selu tan partisipasaun ConocoPhillips?

Bainhira ita laiha projesaun ne’ebé loos, ita labele hatene sustentabilidade finansas estadu iha futuru. Ezemplu ida tan mak projesaun selu fali deve iha livru orsamentu 4a no 1. Livru 1 kalkula osan hira Timor-Leste presiza selu fali kada tinan, maibé iha livru 4 Governu la uza projesaun ne’e; sira uza de’it aumenta 4% tinan-tinan.

Projesaun deve

Proposta OJE 2019 autoriza atu gasta tokon $87 tuir projesaun iha OJE 2018, osan ne’ebé empresta hodi konstrui estrada sira. Governu iha planu atu empresta tan tokon $60 iha 2019 hodi implementa projetu estrada Aituto-Letefoho-Gleno, maibé kontratu seidauk asina.

Proposta ba osan empréstimu ba OJE 2019 hanesan projesaun husi OJE 2018, maske diferente ho projesaun OJE 2017 nian.
La’o Hamutuk apresia Governu nia kometimentu hodi minimiza empréstimu, tanba laiha projesaun ba deve foun iha futuru. Maibé ami preokupa katak dezenvolve Tasi Mane sei presiza tan biliaun barak hodi implementa no loke dalan ba deve foun iha futuru ne’ebé sai ameasa boot ba sustentabilidade ekonomia rai laran.

La’o Hamutuk Enkoraja atu Hapara Gasta Povu nia Osan ba Projetu Tasi Mane.


Ami rekomenda hodi hapara projetu Tasi Mane no mobiliza rekursu finanseiru no rekursu umanu ne’ebé iha atu dezenvolve setór produtivu sira seluk ne’ebé bele hadi’ak povu nia moris. Nune’e bele suporta sustentabilidade fiskal no evita hamosu deve foun iha futuru ne’ebé fó todan ba jerasaun aban bain-rua nian.

Governu Timor-Leste gasta ona liu tokon $400 ba komponente balu iha projetu Tasi Mane. Orsamentu Jerál 2019 ba projetu Tasi Mane hamutuk tokon $435, boot liu husi alokasaun mak ba sosa partisipasaun ConocoPhillips nian no ba faze primeiru auto estrada husi Suai ba Fatukai. Previzaun alokasaun iha 2020 no 2023 hamutuk tokon $690, La’o Hamutuk estimatiza investimentu kapitál ba projetu tomak Tasi Mane no Greater Sunrise bele liu biliaun $16. Timor-Leste la bele kontinua atu gasta osan ba projetu ida ne’e; ita gasta ona tokon $400 maibé ne’e 2.5% husi osan ita presiza gasta tan atu realiza projetu tomak. Ita seidauk tarde atu salva povu nia osan ne’ebé limitadu.

Husi estimatizasaun iha leten, Timor-Leste bele uza tomak nia Fundu Petrolíferu ba projetu Tasi Mane no Greater Sunrise. Karik Governu sei buka empréstimu atu selu ba komponente balun husi projetu, maibé forma ida ne’e mós nudár tusan ne’ebé ita tenke selu fali osan inan ho nia funan sira. TL deside ona atu sosa partisipasaun ConocoPhillips no Shell nia hamutuk tokon $650, hafoin TL selu tiha ba partisipasaun rua ne’ebé ConocoPhillips no Shell fa’an, TL sei kontrola maioria konsorsiu ida ne’e.

Ho 57% husi konsorsiu Timor-Leste iha obrigasaun atu selu 57% ba kustu kapitál upstream. Atu dezenvolve pipeline no planta LNG presiza selu biliaun barak tan, maibé ita seidauk hatene se Timor-Leste presiza selu mesak ka hetan parseiru seluk.

Tinan barak ona La’o Hamutuk preokupa katak projetu petrolíferu sira sei la fó empregu barak hanesan TimorGAP no lider balu promete, sei fornese servisu temporáriu de’it ba ema balu. Planta LNG bele kria empregu permanente ba ema na’in-300 ka 400, maibé Timor-Leste nia forsa laborál rihun atus balu.

Parlamentu Nasionál tenke hetan kustu no benefísiu realístiku no kredivel ba projetu Tasi Mane no Greater Sunrise. Presiza konsidera projetu ida ne’e nia aspeitu  asuntu komersiál, ambientál, no sosiál. Labele aseita de’it saida mak Governu no TimorGap fó sai maibé presiza verifika dadus sira ho peritu sira independente ho koñesimentu kle’an kona-ba indústria petrolíferu.

Realidade hatudu momoos ona katak komunidade lokál ne’ebé afetadu husi projetu ne’e, sira agora daudaun hakarak uza fali sira nia rai ba servisu agrikultura, signifika katak kompensasaun sira ne’ebé Governu oferese nudár sosa ba rai laiha valór atu asegura komunidade lokál nia moris seguru. Presiza investe iha setór produtivu seluk, labele gasta povu nia osan tomak ba mehi la realístiku.

Orsamentu 2019 Ameasa Sustentabilidade Fundu Petrolíferu.


Objetivu husi estabelese Fundu Petrolíferu atu fó benefísiu ba jerasaun agora no tempu naruk iha futuru. Dezde 2008 husi istória Fundu Petrolíferu nian, Governu Timor-Leste sempre levanta liu Rendimentu Sustentável Estimadu, aléinde foti de’it osan funan husi investimentu maibé levanta mós osan inan ne’ebé ita konverte husi mina no gas.

Saldu Fundu Petrolíferu depende ba reseita husi mina no gas, merkadu finanseiru, no levantamentu husi Fundu. Folin mina sempre tun sai, no agora tun 32% iha semana neen liu ba. No mós folin ekidade (asoens) tun maka’as iha fulan Outubru, entaun Fundu Petrolíferu tun tokon $680 durante fulan ida de’it, lakon boot liu iha istória Fundu Petrolíferu. Akontesimentu ne’e hatudu katak ita labele espeta katak saldu Fundu Petrolíferu sempre sa’e.

Agora Timor-Leste iha sistema di’ak tebes atu jere ita nia osan husi mina no gas, ho akontabilidade no transparénsia, no baze ba sustentabilidade iha futuru. Ami preokupa katak Governu karik sei husu atu altera Lei Fundu Petrolíferu hodi loke dalan ba uza Fundu Petrolíferu la tuir prosesu orsamentál. Ami husu Parlamentu atu uza Ita-Boot sira nia kompeténsia atu defende no proteje finansas Estadu.

La’o Hamutuk espera katak ami nia rekomendasaun sira ne’e sei ajuda Distintu Deputadu/a sira atu bele sukat no halo revizaun ba proposta orsamentu no halo planu di’ak ba povu ne’ebé Ita-Boot reprezenta. Ami prontu atu fahe informasaun tan ka halo audiénsia ho Ita-Boot sira karik presiza, no hein atu kontinua hodi partisipa iha prosesu importante ida ne’e.

Obrigado barak ba Ita-Boot sira nia atensaun.

26 November 2018

Mai ba Festa Fundraising / Come to our Fundraising Party

Sabadu/Saturday 8 Desembru
4 pm - 11 pm
Iha Federasaun Hanai Malu Kooperativa
Across from Bairo Pite Klinik, Dili (Map)

Mai ita halibur hamutuk hodi han, kanta, dansa no fahe esperiensia! La'o Hamutuk organiza eventu Fundraising Publiku - no se ita bot sira apresia ami nia servisu, dadus, analiza sira, favor mai suporta ami ba kalan haksolok ida ne'e.

Sei iha banda muzika, aihan lokál, bebidas no fahe esperiensia kona-ba tópiku sira; hanesan (ekonomia, mega projetus, guvernasaun agrikultura no direitu umanu), ami mos sei fa'an faru La'o Hamutuk nian, ne'ebé bele sosa hodi suporta ami nia misaun sira.

Bele hola tiket, presu $5,  iha La'o Hamutuk nia servisu fatin, husi ita nia staf, ka iha Federasaun Hanai Malu.

Please join us for a night of music, food, drinks and sharing experiences. La'o Hamutuk is hosting this public fundraising event - so if you appreciate our work, data and analysis please support us by joining us for a night of fun.

There will be local bands, vendors selling local foods, drinks and space for open discussion about the various topics La'o Hamutuk analyzes (for example: economics, mega projects, governance, agriculture and human rights). We will also be selling T-Shirts, which you can purchase to support our mission.

We hope to see you there! Tickets can be purchased for $5 at our office, through our staff members, or at the Federasaun Hanai Malu.

09 November 2018

Lisensamentu Ambientál – hodi proteje ita hotu

Hanesan valór kulturál ne’ebé iha dezde tempu bei'ala sira, ita Timoroan rekoñese relasaun xave entre ema nia moris, animal sira, no ita nia ambiente naturál. Proteje Timor-Leste nia ambiente ne’ebé frajil mak importante tebes ba dezenvolvimentu nasionál no hodi hadi’a kualidade moris povu nian. Ambiente mak fó oportunidade ba ita atu halo natar, han, hemu, halo ita nia atividade peska no simu ár fresku no bele dada iis. Se ita husik ita nia rikusoin natural hetan estraga, sei rezulta problema hamlaha, bee-sa’e (diluvia), poluisaun, fo’er venenozu/tóksiku no hada’et moras oioin. Ne’e hetan rekoñese iha Artigu 61 husi Konstituisaun Timor-Leste:
  1. Ema hotu-hotu iha direitu atu moris iha ambiente ema moris nian ne’ebé moos, nabelun-di’ak ho natureza, no iha obrigasaun atu proteje no halo di’ak ba jerasaun loron ikus nian.
  2. Estadu rekoñese katak iha nesesidade atu tau matan didi’ak no fó valór ba ita-nia rain nia riku-soin.
  3. Estadu tenke fó-sai buat ne’ebé mak sei halo atu defende natureza maibé sei hodi hala’o mós nia ekonomia.
Hanesan Planu Dezenvolvimentu Estratéjiku 2011-2030 esplika, “Povu Timor-Leste iha relasaun forte tebes ho nia meiu ambiente naturál. Husi jerasaun ba jerasaun, ita-nia bei-ala sira depende ba ambiente hodi asegura ai-han, roupa, materiál hodi harii edifísiu sira no buat hotu ne’ebé esensiál ba moris. Ita hela iha armonia ho ambiente, ho uza nia iha dalan sustentável hodi suporta ita-nia família sira.”

Hodi atinje objetivu sira-ne’e, no atu proteje Timor-Leste nia jeolojia no sistema ekolójiku (rikusoin ambientál) ne’ebé úniku (la iha ida seluk hodi troka), projetu dezenvolvimentu sira ho risku signifikante ba ambiente presiza hetan avaliasaun no lisensamentu molok sira implementa, inklui avaliasaun ba impaktu sira ne’ebé iha posibilidade ba ambiente no oinsá halo planu hodi jere risku sira, durante faze konstrusaun no mós faze operasaun nian. Iha tinan 2011, Timor-Leste estabelese ona ninia Dekretu-Lei kona-ba lisensamentu ambientál, no molok ida ne’e, iha lei AMDAL Indonézia nian ne’ebé aplika. Maski nune’e, ladún iha informasaun ba públiku kona-ba prosesu lisensamentu ba projetu dezenvolvimentu sira – liuliu projetu sira ho risku boot ba ambiente - ne’ebé estabelese ona iha tinan hitu liubá. To’o projetu barak mak opera maibé sira ignora obrigasaun legal sira atu aplika.

RDTL nia Dekretu-Lei no. 5/2011, 9 Fevreiru ba Lisensamentu Ambientál (Portugés orijinál ka Inglés) obriga proponente projetu sira ne’ebé hamosu impaktu signifikante ba ambiente atu prepara Avaliasaun Impaktu Ambientál (EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment) no Planu Jestaun Ambientál (EMP - Environment Management Plan - Art.4). Autoridade Ambientál Superiór, agora Sekretáriadu Estadu ba Ambiente (SEA) kria komité (Art. 10) atu avalia proposta EIA no EMP, hala’o konsultasaun públiku (Art. 11), no obriga atu hadi’ak (Art. 12.3, 14.3) molok halo rekomendasaun (Art.13) no emite lisensa (Art.14). Hanesan hakerek iha La’o Hamutuk nia karta aberta ba Primeiru Ministru iha fulan-Setembru, ami kontra MPM (Ministériu Petróleu no Mineirus) bele emite lisensa ambientál sira ba projetu iha setór petróleu no mineiru tanba eziste konflitu interese. Artigu ida-ne’e sei fahe informasaun kona-ba dezafiu no prosesu sira ba implementasaun lisensamentu ambientál iha Timor-Leste.

Tuir lei, la bele hahú implementa konstrusaun projetu sein lisensa (Art.23.5); multa ba sira ne’ebé la tuir lei ne’e bele to’o dolar rihun atus-rua lima-nulu ($250,000) (Art.34.5). Lisensa sira (ho rekerimentu espesiál sira ka mós razaun se la emite lisensa) tenke publika iha Jornal da República (Art.14.4, 21.4) no Autoridade Ambientál Superiór tenke mantein rejistu públiku ba lisensa no avaliasaun sira ho informasaun seluk (Art. 38).

Maski Dekretu-Lei ne’e la perfeitu, nia bele ajuda proteje Timor-Leste nia ambiente no rikusoin sira. Maibé atu halo ida ne’e, lei ne’e presiza implementa ho di’ak. La’o Hamutuk preokupa tebes katak projetu boot barak la’o kleur ona maibé seidauk tuir prosesu lei Lisensamentu Ambientál no mós seidauk iha sansaun multa hanesan lei haruka. Tuir lei, edifísiu sira ne’ebé andár liu nivel 2, iha rai ho tamañu ektare 2 ka liu konsidera nu’udar kategoria A, ne’ebé iha impaktu ambientál boot no iha rekizitu espesiál hodi proteje ambiente no komunidade lokál nia interese. Maibé to’o ohin loron maski konstrusaun sira remata ona, projetu barak mak seidauk halo aplikasaun ruma atu hetan lisensamentu ambientál husi SEA. Proponente sira ne’e mak hanesan: Aeroportu Oecusse, Timor Plaza (Comoro), no Edifísiu Ministériu Finansas (Kampung Alor). Ami enkoraja ema hotu ne’ebé iha informasaun kona-ba projetu sira seluk ne’ebé tuir loloos tenke iha lisensa ambientál (kritéria iha Dekretu-Lei nia anexu) atu fó-hatene SEA kona-ba situasaun ne’e. Aleinde Lei Lisensamentu Ambientál, Diploma Ministerial sira esplika kle’an kona-ba prosesu lisensamentu nian, no bainhira projetu sira la tuir prosesu loloos, ita hotu iha direitu no devér atu lori kazu ne’e ba instituisaun kompetente sira: SEA, PDHJ no Ministériu Públiku.

Haree ba kotuk, iha Marsu 2014 La’o Hamutuk hetan informasaun husi Autoridade Ambientál Superiór tempu ne’ebá katak sira sei halo prosesu aplikasaun ba projetu 5 no emite lisensa tiha ona ba projetu 11, inklui 2 husi kategoria A: Projetu Pelican Paradise iha Tasi Tolu no Suai Supply Base (SSB), ne’ebé rua-rua abandona konstrusaun to’o lisensa mate no agora iha prosesu hela atu renova no hetan fali. Tuir dokumentu 2014 nian, SSB hetan lisensa ambientál liuhosi “interferénsia polítika”.  [Link to English blog from 2014.]
Iha Maiu 2016, La’o Hamutuk hakerek karta ba Provedór Direitus Umanus no Justisa (PDHJ) husu atu Provedoria bele kolabora ho Autoridade Superior Ambientál no instituisaun estadu seluk atu halo investigasaun no intervensaun ba proponente projetu sira ne’ebé la kumpre Dekretu-Lei Lisensamentu Ambientál atu bele asegura injustisa labele kontinua akontese no mós proteje ema vulneravel sira nia direitus umanus. Durante tinan 2 ho balun ona, La’o Hamutuk seidauk hetan resposta husi PDHJ kona-ba karta ida-ne’e.

Iha Fevreiru 2018, La’o Hamutuk halo pedidu no hetan dokumentu lubuk husi prosesu aplikasaun ba lisensa ambientál, inklui tabela ba projetu boot (kategoria A no kategoria B) ne’ebé hetan lisensa ona no tabela ba sira ne’ebé sei iha prosesu atu hetan lisensa. Bele haree iha tabela tolu tuirmai ne’e parte husi informasaun ne’e. Tuir dokumentu sira, Diresaun Nasionál ba Kontrolu Poluisaun no Impaktu Ambientál (DNCPIA), ne’ebé iha SEA nia okos, fó ona lisensa 38, inklui 6 ba projetu kategoria A nian, no iha aplikasaun 48 ne’ebé sei iha prosesu.
La’o Hamutuk mós hetan lista projetu sira (iha munisípiu 12) ne’ebé tama prosesu investigasaun ho hetan karta notifikasaun hanesan ezemplu iha liman loos.

La’o Hamutuk observa progresu iha SEA nia kapasidade atu implementa Dekretu-Lei Lisensamentu Ambientál, maibé ami rekoñese katak sira mós iha limitasaun rekursu umanu no tékniku. Tuir loloos, sira sei publika lisensa no dokumentu relevante hotu ba públiku, maibé sira nia sítiu-web la funsiona agora hodi fornese informasaun ba públiku. Ho situasaun ida-ne’e, no kooperasaun di’ak ne’ebé hetan husi parte SEA no DNCPIA, La’o Hamutuk sei ajuda fahe dokumentu sira iha ami-nia sítiu-web hodi apoiu halo prosesu lisensamentu ambientál transparente.
Projetu sira kategoria ‘A’ nian ne’ebé hetan ona lisensa ambientál
Projetu sira kategoria ‘A’ balu ne’ebé sei iha prosesu lisensamentu
Projetu sira Kategoria ‘A’ seidauk hahú prosesu lisensamentu
GLOSÁRIU

SEA – Sekretáriadu Estadu ba Ambiente

DNCPIA – Diresaun Nasionál Controlu Poluisaun no Impaktu Ambientál, iha SEA nia kraik

TOR – ‘Terms of Reference iha lia-inglés; Nota ba Referénsia. Dokumentu ida-ne’e deskreve kona-ba estudu ambientál nia konteúdu, tópiku, objetivu no limitasaun, no dokumentu ida-ne’e tenke hetan aprovasaun husi DNCPIA antes hahú estudu hodi dezenvolve DIA no PJA.

DIA – Deklarasaun Impaktu Ambientál (Ingles: EIS – Environmental Impact Statement). Dokumentu ne’e hetan prepara husi proponent projetu, bazeia ba estudu tékniku, ho partisipasaun públiku, hodi deskreve iha Sumáriu projetu ho ninia impaktu posivel – di’ak no aat – no oinsá bele evita ka minimiza impaktu negativu sira.

PJA – Planu Jestaun Ambientál (Ingles: EMP – Environmental Management Plan). Dokumentu ida-ne’e deskreve proponente projetu nia planu kona-ba oinsá hamenus impaktu negativu ba ambiente no komunidade lokál durante prosesu konstrusaun no operasaun.

Ektare = 10,000 m²

Mina = Fatin ba halo estrasaun (ke'e no foti sai) fatuk-murak

Mina rai = Petroleu iha forma likidu
La’o Hamutuk preokupa tebes katak investor no kompañia sira-ne’ebé to’o ohin loron sei kontinua ignora hodi implementa obrigasaun legal sira, dezenvolve sira nia projetu no hetan lukru boot sein sansaun ruma. Dili Development Company, Lda ho nia Jestór Jerál Tony Jape, dezenvolve ona Timor Plaza no mós ho planu atu konstrui edifísiu barak tan besik Timor Plaza no dezenvolve fatin tasi ibun nian balu iha Dili, maibé nunka aplika ba lisensa ambientál. Projetu sira liga ba ZEESM Oe-cusse hanesan Aeroportu Oecusse, Ponte Noefefan (Tono) no konstrusaun irrigasaun (Tono) mós nunka aplika ba lisensa ambientál.

Durante tinan 16 iha Timor-Leste nia independénsia, no dékada hirak antes, Timor-Leste seidauk iha protesaun ambientál ne’ebé efetivu. Maski ami agradese servisu husi SEA nia programa sira kona-ba oinsá atu jere soe lixu ne’ebé di’ak no kuda ai-oan sira, ami haree ameasa ne’ebé perigu liu ba ita nia ambiente agora mak husi konstrusaun boot no projetu industriál sira, ne’ebé uza kímiku venenu ho kuantidade boot tebes ne’ebé ameasa saúde no bele kontamina iha ita-nia sistema ekolójiku mota nian, bee matan, rai agríkola, tasi no ár.

Ami espera katak Governu Timor-Leste sei servisu ho efetivu liután hodi halo protesaun no seguransa ba ita-nia meiu-ambiente liuliu rai no bee, hodi bele seguru, moos, di’ak ba povu nia moris, no haforsa matenek lokál hanesan Tara Bandu atu proteje sira nia área lokál. Ita-nia Governu no projetu-na’in sira presiza hatudu sistema servisu ne’ebé transparénsia (loke dokumentu estudu no planu sira hotu ba públiku), halo konsultasaun ho povu, no halo forte liután implementasaun lei sira ne’ebé vigora iha Timor-Leste.

La’o Hamutuk hatene katak protesaun loloos ba ambiente presiza ita hotu nia atensaun no asaun. Ita hotu presiza tau matan ba prosesu ida-ne’e tanba só hamutuk, ita bele proteje Rai Furak ida-ne’e ohin no futuru oin mai.

04 November 2018

Planeamentu Familiar ida Inkluzivu La’ós iha Surat-Tahan De’it

Planeamentu familiar hanesan direitu umanu báziku ba ema ida-idak atu determina ho livre no responsabilidade bainhira mak sira hakarak oan, no oan hira mak sira hakarak. Importante atu asegura katak planeamentu familiar ne’e inklusivu, katak involve sidadaun hotu la haree ba jéneru, kaben ka lae, idade, orientasaun sexual no relijiaun. Planeamentu familiar hanesan aspetu ida husi saúde reprodutivu, ne’ebé konsiste husi:
  • Prevensaun HIV/SIDA;
  • Prevensaun no tratamentu ba moras hada’et liuhosi relasaun seksuál ka MHRS;
  • Kuidadu antes no depois de partu;
  • Edukasaun seksuál no akonsellamentu, liuliu ba foin-sa’e sira.
Ukun na’in balu haree planeamentu familiar husi perspetiva ekonomia de’it, no balun konklui katak implementasaun planeamentu familiar ida-ne’ebé di’ak bele hatún neineik kreximentu populasaun, aumenta saláriu no PIB (Produtu Internu Brutu ka GDP). Maibé kuandu la haree planeamentu familiar nudár direitu umanu no análiza haree tuir perspetiva ekonomia nian de’it perigozu tebes hanesan bele haree husi istória balu iha Timor-Leste nia pasadu ne’ebé hatudu “planeamentu familiar” uza uluk nudár meiu obrigasaun ida atu kontrola populasaun iha tempu Indonézia. Ohin loron, Timor-Leste nasaun independente ona no Konstituisaun artigu 57 garante saúde universál no gratuita ba sidadaun ida-idak.  Atu halo tuir promesa ida ne’e, Timor-Leste tenke fornese ba feto no mane timoroan hotu rekursu no informasaun hodi bele tetu no deside ho matenek kona-ba sira nia saúde no sira nia isin-lolon.

La’o Hamutuk fiar katak planeamentu familiar presiza iha diskusaun ne’ebé nakloke sem limitasaun. Se diskusaun ne’e limite de’it ba asuntu ekonomia, ita karik bele haluha no esklui katak, planeamentu familiar nia baze fundamentu mak atu fó espasu ba ema ida-idak liuliu feto sira hodi halo desizaun ba sira-nia isin-lolon rasik.

Artigu ida ne’e sei diskute kona-ba importánsia husi planeamentu familiar iha Timor-Leste, nia polítika, bareira implementasaun no rekomendasaun iha futuru.

Planeamentu Familiar Importante ba Timor-Leste ka lae?

Foin daudaun diskusaun kona-ba planeamentu familiar hetan atensaun no diskute iha públiku. Planeamentu familiar nudár rekomendasaun importante ne’ebé fó husi Relatóriu Nasionál Dezenvolvimentu Umanu 2018, ne’ebé antisipa katak bainhira ema barak uza planeamentu familiar, númeru dezempregu sei tun, investimentu ema ida-idak nian no PIB sei sa’e, no feto sira moris aumenta naruk. Dadus relatóriu husi Peskiza Demográfiku no Saúde (Demographic and Health Survey - DHS) inklui kona-ba ema hira mak uza planeamentu familiar, no métodu saida mak sira uza, no ema hira mak hakarak hetan asesu ba planeamentu familiar. No mós, iha Juñu 2018, Prezidente RDTL nia kaben Cidalia Lopes Nobre Mouzinho Guterres diskute kona-ba importánsia husi planeamentu familiar iha eskala internasionál. 

Planeamentu familiar oferese kondisaun ba dezenvolvimentu ida sustentável no inkluzivu. Planeamentu familiar ne’ebé inkluzivu sei promove saúde materna no saúde infantíl, hakbiit feto sira, hasa’e nivel edukasaun, no hamenus HIV/AIDS nia da’et. No mós, sei aumenta benefísiu ekonómiku hanesan aumenta uma-kain ida nia rendimentu. Timor-Leste hanesan nasaun foin-sa’e ida - 35% husi nia populasaun iha idade entre 15-35 - no planeamentu familiar sei fornese futuru ida sira bele hili rasik ne’ebé di’ak liu.

Governu Timor-Leste iha obrigasaun bazeia ba Konstituisaun RDTL atu proteje no kuida sidadaun hotu, la haree ba jéneru, estadu sivíl, relijiaun, ka orientasaun sexual. Maske nune’e iha implementasaun husi Polítika Planeamentu Familiar atuál seidauk inklui ema hotu, dala barak implementasaun sei diskrimina foin-sae, ema hela iha area rural no feto ne’ebé seidauk kazál ka laiha katuas oan. Planeamentu familiar tenke progresivu no inkluzivu iha pratika, la’ós iha surat-tahan de’it.

Planeamentu Familiar Atuál no nia Implementasaun

Timor-Leste adopta Polítika Planeamentu Familiar Nasionál ida iha 2004, no La’o Hamutuk konsidera polítika ida ne’e inkluzivu no progresivu. Polítika ida-ne’e dezenvolve husi rezultadu konsulta no debate públiku, ne’ebé konsiste husi lideransa husi parte saúde sira, setór seluk iha governu, no mós lideransa parte relijiozu sira. Polítika atuál ida-ne’e dehan katak, servisu planeamentu familiár tenke “integra hamutuk ho servisu saúde reprodutivu no halo iha instituisaun saúde nian hotu atu nune’e ema hotu bele hetan asesu ho di’ak no efetivu.” Polítika ne’e mós deklara katak fasilidade saúde hotu tenke prove servisu reprodutivu no akonsellumentu, no “tenke inklui mós informasaun kompleta no loloos kona-ba métodu hotu-hotu, atu nune’e ita bele garante katak ema ida-idak hili tanba nia hatene no tanba nia hakarak no ho konxiénsia rasik.” Informasaun ne’e tenke fahe ba sidadaun sira, la haree ba idade, estadu sivíl ka jéneru.

Ohin loron implementasaun husi polítika ida-ne’e di’ak liu kompara ho tinan 14 liubá, maske nune’e sei iha dezafiu barak. Tuir dadus DHS 2016, feto 16.1% idade 15-49 uza ona métodu ruma husi planeamentu familiar, maske nune’e relatóriu ne’e bazeia ba saida mak feto sira dehan ba ema ne’ebé halo entrevista, no karik ema balu moe atu fahe informasaun privadu ho ema ne’ebé sira la koñese. Gráfiku iha okos hatudu katak, sona (injesaun) no implante hanesan métodu kontrasepsaun ne’ebé uza liu.

Laiha métodu planeamentu familiar ida mak perfeitu ba ema hotu, tanba métodu ida-idak mai ho nia benefísiu no risku; tan ne’e, La’o Hamutuk fiar katak ema hotu-hotu presiza hetan informasaun ne’ebé kompletu kona-ba meiu kontrasepsaun oioin. Agora daudaun métodu dominante liu mak sona no implante; ne’e hatudu katak ema barak mak seidauk hatene ka iha asesu ba métodu no opsaun seluk. Relatóriu DHS hatete katak maizumenus feto ida entre feto na’in neen iha Timor-Leste mak uza kontrasepsaun. No feto hirak ne’e besik 50% mak deside uza métodu sona, no dehan katak sira deside uza molok hatene kle’an kona-ba nia risku (efek samping) sira ne’ebé bele mosu, saida mak sira bele halo bainhira esperiénsia efek samping, no karik iha meiu seluk atu bele uza.

Tuir dadus husi DHS, persentajen ema uza kondom menus tebes, ho 0.6% husi totál ema ne’ebé responde fó sasin katak sira uza kondom Ida ne’e la’ós surpreza boot ida, bainhira ita haree katak diskusaun kona-ba kondom sai nudár stigma no sosiedade la suporta. Planeamentu familiar ida ne’ebé saudavel presiza tebes meiu ida justu hodi fahe responsabilidade entre mane no feto no indivíduu sira.

Alende ne’e, parese servisu saúde ba vasektomi seidauk implementa iha Timor-Leste, tanba menus ekipamentu no ema ne’ebé iha presiza kapasidade espesífiku, maibé ema ho knaar no kapasidade ida-ne’e menus liu. Métodu vasektomi mak métodu planeamentu familiar nian ne’ebé seguru, simples no efetivu. Planeamentu Familiar asuntu ida ba mane ho feto, no ita labele tau todan de’it ba feto no fó fatin liu ba ema hirak halo polítika atu haluha katak importante tebes atu inklui feto nia direitu atu foti desizaun.

Maske Timor-Leste nia Polítika Planeamentu Familiar temi liafuan inkluzivu, maibé foin-sa’e, hirak ne’ebé seidauk kaben, no feto rurál sira, dala barak seidauk bele hetan asesu ba servisu saúde reprodutivu sira. Bazeia ba DHS, liu 33% husi feto hirak ne’ebé seidauk kaben fó sasin katak sira hakarak uza planeamentu familiar maibé só 50% husi feto hirak ne’e mak bele hetan asesu.

DHS nia relatóriu importante ne’ebé haktuir relatóriu global DHS nian, fó sai de’it númeru feto kaben na’in no sira nia nesesidade ba planeamentu familiár, maske nune’e importante tebes ba relatóriu DHS ne’ebé iha influensia boot atu tau importánsia no aprezenta númeru feto hirak ne’ebé seidauk kaben nia nesesidade ba planeamentu familiar atu halakon stigma kontra feto hirak ne’e. Alende ne’e Sensus mós presiza aumenta planeamentu familiar nudár komponente iha kestionáriu sira, atu nune’e ita bele hetan estatístika kompleta kona-ba planeamentu familiar iha Timor-Leste laran tomak.

Obstákulu ba Planeamentu Familiar

Timoroan ida-idak iha direitu atu deside meiu planeamentu familiar saida de’it mak perfeitu ba nia. Tan ne’e, ema hotu presiza simu informasaun adekuadu kona-ba benefísiu no risku husi métodu planeamentu familiar hotu. Maske nune’e, sosiedade balun iha Timor-Leste nafatin fó podér ba mane sira iha relasaun, no limita feto sira nia abilidade atu foti desizaun ba sira nia an. Iha tinan hirak liubá, iha peskiza rua ne’ebé hatudu realidade problema ida-ne’e: ida kona-ba atitude mane sira nian liga ho asuntu jéneru no ida seluk kona-ba violénsia kontra feto. Peskiza sira-ne’e konfirma katak sosiedade (mane no feto), kontinua iha fiar forte katak mane mak halo desizaun di'ak liu iha família nia laran; fiar ida-ne’e kontinua husi mane no feto to’o agora. Ita presiza enkoraja no promove kultura ida ne’ebé hakbiit feto no luta kontra kultura hirak ne’ebé hatún feto. Ne’e mak pasu importante ida hodi fornese planeamentu familiar iha nasaun tomak.

Kampaña Igreja Katólika nian no instituisaun seluk dala barak foka de’it ba métodu planeamentu ne’ebé tradisionál. Maske nune’e iha realidade, kampaña hirak ne’e seidauk konvense feto barak atu uza métodu ne’ebé refere (haree iha gráfiku). Ida ne’e la’ós surpreza ida tanba atu uza métodu tradisionál efetivamente presiza feto sira bele lee no halo kalkulasaun aritmétika, atu komprende kle’an kona-ba sira nia isin no sistema reprodutivu; sira nia parseiru seksuál mós presiza nakloke atu diskute no komunika ho suporta, ida ne’ebé dala barak la eziste iha família barak nia realidade.

Maske nune’e, maioria joven no foin-sa’e sira hetan informasaun limitadu tebes kona-ba saúde reprodutivu, nune’e labele kompriende loloos saúde seksuál ka foti desizaun ba sira nia isin-lolon bazeia ba informasaun kompletu. Porezemplu, tuir dadus husi DHS, 23% husi joven feto no 20% husi joven mane dehan katak sira simu informasaun  kona-ba saúde reprodutivu. Aléinde ne’e. 47% husi feto no 66% husi mane idade 15-49 mak rona tiha ona kona-ba HIV/SIDA. Mezmu nune’e profesór sira no inan aman sira evita atu diskute kona-ba tópiku ne’e tanba sente moe. Maske edukasaun seksuál iha ona eskola nia kurríkulu, dala barak mak mestre sira hakat liu tiha. Tan ne’e joven barak la hatene oinsá atu prevene isin rua ka hatene oinsá trata moras hada’et liu husi relasaun seksuál.

Rekomendasaun Espesífiku ba VIII Governu

Tinan oinmai, Governu Timor-Leste sei hato’o ninia relatóriu periódika dahaat ba Komité kona-ba Halakon Diskriminasaun hasoru Feto (CEDAW). Relatóriu ikus ba CEDAW, husi tinan 2015, fó rekomendasaun tuirmai ba Governu Timor-Leste:
“Haforsa maneira hodi asegura feto joven hotu, inklui feto adolexente no rurál, hetan asesu ba servisu saúde seksuál, reprodutivu no emerjénsia nian, no hadi’ak kualidade servisu planeamentu familiar…la haree ba status kaben.”
Bazeia ba ida-ne’e, ami hato’o rekomendasaun espesífiku tuirmai ba Governu:
  • Kontinua no haforsa implementasaun Polítika Nasionál Planeamentu Familiar 2004 nian, hodi buat di’ak iha surat-tahan bele atualiza iha pratika. Planeamentu Familiar la mensiona iha programa Governu VIII nian. Ami husu Governu atu prioritiza Planeamentu Familiar, no inklui iha programa no planu sira iha futuru, nudár kondisaun nesesária atu atinje golu sira iha Planu Estratéjiku Nasionál ba Saúde 2011-2030, ne’ebé koko atu “aumentu asesu no servisu sira ne’ebé ho kualidade aas ba ante-natais, partu, asisténsia pos-natal no Planeamentu Familiar, inklui fatin ne'ebé difisil atu asesu”.

  • Alokasaun Orsamentu Estadu 2018 ba “Saúde Materna no Servisu Saúde Materna inklui Planeamentu Familiar” mak $43,000, ne’ebé ko’a tiha ba sorin balun kompara ho orsamentu 2017. La’o Hamutuk enkoraja Governu atu aumenta alokasaun ne’e iha orsamentu 2019, espesifikamente ba asuntu Planeamentu Familiar no nia informasaun sira. Inklui mós programa detallu no espesífiku kona-ba Planeamentu Familiar iha Ministériu Saúde nia Planu Asaun. Governu nia Programa, no Orsamentu, Governu mós tenke asegura katak lideransa ne’ebé adekuadu, planu no orsamentu hodi nune’e asegura implementasaun husi polítika importante ida ne’e.

  • Ministériu Saúde presiza investe ba ho fornesimentu informasaun ba ofisiál saúde sira, kapasitasaun no rekursu sira ne’ebé presiza atu asegura informasaun no opsaun kompletu ba Timoroan hotu, mane ka feto, kaben-na’in ka seidauk kaben, nurak ka idade, hela iha sidade ka foho. Presiza atensaun espesiál ida mós ba promove partisipasaun mane iha responsabilidade ba uza kontrasepsaun (inklui kondom no vasektomi), no mós kontinua eduka mane sira atu iha obrigasaun relasiona ho planeamentu familiar.  Ministériu presiza asegura implementasaun husi polítika ida ne’ebé labele diskrimina ema ida.

  • Ministériu Saúde, Ministériu Edukasaun, Juventude no Desportu, no Komisaun Nasionál ba Kombate HIV/AIDS presiza asegura mensajen no diskusaun públiku kona-ba planeamentu familiar sempre inkluzivu, pozitivu, no suporta direitu ema hotu nian. Objetivu mak atu hakbiit ema hotu atu nune’e bele iha responsabilidade ba desizaun ba sira nia saúde individuál no familiar, bazeia ba informasaun ne’ebé loloos no klaru. 

  • Ministériu Edukasaun no Ministériu Saúde presiza kontinua kolaborasaun importante ne’ebé sira hahú ona atu asegura edukasaun kona-ba saúde reprodutivu bele hanorin iha eskola sira, mestre sira iha mandatu, konfiansa ba an, bele ezekuta atu diskute tópiku hirak ne’e ho estudante sira.

Konkluzaun

Maioria Timoroan lubuk ida, feto no mane seidauk hetan asesu ba informasaun adekuadu no opsaun sira kona-ba saúde reprodutivu, no falta ne’e viola sira nia direitu tuir Konstituisaun no tuir polítika Governu nian. Governu anteriór sira seidauk implementa ho rigorozu Polítika Nasionál Planeamentu Familiar 2004 ho efetivu, no La’o Hamutuk husu Governu Konstitusionál Daualuk atu halo di’ak liután.

Iha 25 Jullu, Primeiru Ministru Timor-Leste nian, Taur Matan Ruak, iha nia diskursu bainhira simu pose, dehan katak oven Timor-Leste mak rikusoin prinsipál rai ne’e nian, nune’e ita presiza koko rezolve nesesidade saúde, edukasaun no asesu ba servisu sira. Fornese informasaun no oportunidade hanesan ba planeamentu familiar ba Timoroan hotu, la haree ba jéneru, idade, relijiaun, no munisípiu sira nudár kondisaun ba pasu esensiál dezenvolvimentu nian ne’ebé sustentável no ekitavel iha Timor-Leste.