Because the GDS website has some technical problems, La’o Hamutuk posted these reports on our website (click on each heading to download the report). At present they are mainly in English; we will add Tetum versions as they become available.
- The mean (average) monthly income per person is $93 in urban households and $50 in rural ones.
- Less than one-fourth of this is from wages; in rural areas more than half is from agriculture.
- The median per capita monthly income (including in-kind income and imputed rent) is $40 ($24 in Oecusse), meaning that half of Timor-Leste’s people get by on less than $1.33 per day. [With 34% overall inflation from 2007 to 2011, the poverty line is significantly higher than 2007’s 88¢/day.]
- The richest 10% receives nearly 14 times as much income as the poorest 10%.
- Urban people spend more than twice as much as rural people, even when the value of food obtained by labor or barter is included. More than half of rural people spend less than a dollar a day.
- Rural people spend 78% of their household budget on food, of which less than 40% is bartered or produced by themselves.
- 57% of all wage income is paid by the Government.
- Urban households consume four times as much fish and dairy as rural ones, and twice as much meat and vegetables, but rural people eat more rice, tubers and roots.
- Urban households spend seven times as much on beer as rural ones, although rural people spend more on locally-produced alcohol.
- The HIES report also discusses education, age, health, possessions, hunger, crime, smoking, transportation, social benefits, ceremonies and many other issues.
- 80.5% of our GDP in 2011 came from oil and gas extraction. The non-oil GDP was $1.1 billion in current prices, out of a total of $5.8 billion.
- Of the non-oil GDP, 21% was from construction, 20% from public administration, 19% from trade, 17% from agriculture, 8% from real estate and 15% from all other sectors.
- Total non-oil GDP increased 12% from 2010 to 2011. In that time, agriculture shrank by 20% while (mostly state-financed) construction grew by 40% and public administration grew by 25%.
- During 2011, Timor-Leste exported $34 million in goods (excluding oil) and $77m in services, for a total export income of $111 million.
- During 2011, we imported $325 million in goods and $1,033m in services (excluding the oil sector), for a balance of payments deficit of $1.25 billion, 16% higher than in 2010.
- 58,200 people were employed by the private sector at the end of 2011, 75% whom were male, out of a total working age population of more than 600,000.
- Between 2010 and 2011, the number of women employed increased by only 7% while the number of men increased 25%. (This is partly from the large increase in the construction sector, but the gender bias is in most sectors.)
- Although business profits increased by 39% over 2010 (to $355 million), capital expenditure (investing to make the business grow) dropped by 13%. Dili-based businesses re-invested only 9% of their profits in 2011 (down from 20% in 2010), while companies in the districts re-invested 55% (up from 26% in 2010). Although this is partly because foreign companies are primarily registered in Dili, investment was less than 20% of profit in every sector of the economy.
La’o Hamutuk’s website; future reports will be accessible from the GDS website.
Quarterly Statistical Indicators brochure), but there are other sources of useful information. La’o Hamutuk also recently published Mari Alkatiri’s presentation on the proposed Oecusse Special Economic Zone, the Finance Ministry’s Yellow Road Workshop documents describing Timor-Leste’s fiscal situation, and some of the tender and EIA documents for the Suai Airport, Suai Supply Base, and the first phase of the Suai-Beaçu highway. We welcome additional information from all sources.